• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that the impact of WW2 was the main reason why the position of African-Americans improved in the years 1945-1955?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How far do you agree that the impact of WW2 was the main reason why the position of African-Americans improved in the years 1945-1955? During the war, many black people moved from the South to the North to worked in factories for armament. These wages paid much more than working in the South, also their wages were still less than white people in identical jobs. Nevertheless Black people now had an economic power they had not had before. The effects of the war also made some white soldiers change their minds about black people and racism in general. After witnessing the horrors of the holocaust, they saw a side of racism they couldn?t ignore. It also brought to attention the hypocrisy of America, who were fighting the Nazi?s and their racism towards Jews, meanwhile black people at home had no rights. Black soldiers in Germany were treated better than they were in the U.S. Relationships between black American soldiers and German women, while frowned upon, were not legally forbidden, whereas any public interaction between black men and white women in the U.S. ...read more.

Middle

They delivered their report, named ?To Secure These Rights? in 1947 and were disbanded. The report explored gaps in wages, cases of lynching, positions in the military, job discrimination, differences in life expectancy and quality of healthcare and highlighted a desperate need for social reform. New laws were proposed to stop lynching. Truman aimed to make Roosevelt?s Fair Employment Practises Commission a permanent fixture but this move was stopped by Southern senators who filibustered the bill. However, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Washington successfully enacted and enforced their own FEPC laws at the state level. Although most legal cases and laws were passed in the later years of the fight for civil rights, there were some court cases which had a significant impact. The case of Sweatt vs. Painter (1950) involved a black man, Heman Sweatt, who wasn?t allowed into the School of Law of the University of Texas, even though he had fit the course requirements. The University?s President was called Theophilus Painter. At the time, no law school in Texas would admit black students. ...read more.

Conclusion

The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896. Although I believe that presidential action had a significant effect on the Civil Rights movement, as To Secure These Rights made segregation a public issue that could not be ignored, Truman could only do so much, mostly due to the fact he could be blocked by State law and by senators who disagreed with him such as the Dixiecrats. Nevertheless, the FEPC would only apply to government owned businesses, and so actually would not have impacted the majority of African-Americans. Truman?s second term in office ended in 1953, and he was replaced by Dwight Eisenhower, who did not share Truman?s passion for Civil Rights. He refused to comment on the case of Brown v. Board of Education, making it clear to the general public that he still supported segregation. Brown was a very significant case that was a landmark in the civil rights movement, however the change was not de facto, and it took years for most schools to fully integrate. Therefore, I believe that the impact of the Second World War was the most important factor, as it changed many people?s beliefs and made the government realise they needed to do something about segregation and racism in their country. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Assess the view that the Supreme Court was the most important branch of federal ...

    4 star(s)

    of lynchings and of some cases of segregation, and between 1936 and 1941, a series of deaths led to a mass appointment of justices to the Supreme Court by the pro-equality FDR, which in turn led to a very different attitude from the Supreme Court, an attitude that first began to become evident in the 1938 case of Gaines v.

  2. To what extent was WW2 the most significant turning point for civil rights

    Other significant time periods must also be looked at to judge the significance of the war, especially those beforehand. Much of the success of the war period built upon actions from the post-reconstruction era.

  1. Comparison of Presidents Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson

    In 1968, Johnson supported the passing of another bill, which protected people against discrimination in housing. While the Great Society had much success and made Johnson famous for many of his reforms, it also had flaws. Johnson did not hesitate to mention Negroes specifically in his speeches such as The

  2. Short term impact of Malcolm X

    On the other hand, "Malcolm, dead, often seemed more influential than King, alive"39After his death "his autobiography was published and published speeches were widely read; even millions of white radicals grew to respect and honour Malcolm's legacy."40Marable cited by Wilkins said about Malcolm "Master spell-binder that he was, Malcolm X

  1. The Eisenhower years saw significant improvement for the African Americans

    Greater social influence would come from a generation of black and white children growing up together; each would become more accepting of the other which would work some way to ending the troubles. And finally greater political influence in that this was a landmark ruling, and gave hope to other African Americans to follow suit with their own campaigns.

  2. How far did the position of black Americans improve during the years 1945-1955?

    Ferguson, for example, in 1946, the Morgan vs. Virginia case, where Irene Morgan refused to give up her seat on an interstate bus and was fined $100 inevitably led to the Supreme Court prohibiting segregation on interstate transport with the help on NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Inspired community action (see ?Operation Breadbasket?) However, 1. Most blacks remained stranded in the ghetto 2. Voter registration drive had little impact 3. Divisions increased in CR movement ? many turn to black power because disillusioned by lack of impact in practice 4. Led to white backlash ? angered by violence of ghetto riots, little sympathy for tactics (ie ? marches in white neighbourhoods)

  2. How far do you agree that the years 1945-55 saw only limited progress in ...

    This meant that the rest of the country was unable to acknowledge the dilemma of segregation on interstate buses in the South. Furthermore, the interstate bus companies remained segregated long after the campaign. This meant that there was still little de jure change and CORE?s ambition of interstate bus desegregation failed to materialize.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work