• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that the limited appeal of Mazzini's ideas was the main reason for the slow progress of national unity in Italy in the years 1815-1848?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Bukky Ogungbe By 1848, Italy was not yet a unified country. Many had tried to make some progress such as Mazzini who was a dedicated revolutionary intellectual. He wanted a strong central government and believed that this should be achieved through revolutions. However, even though Mazzini?s ideas wanted Italy to become a democratic unified nation, his ideas were very radical and idealistic. This meant that he had limited appeal and lacked progress and so is a reason for the slow progress of national unity in Italy. However, there are lots of other equally important factors that slowed the progress of national unity such as the failure of the 1820?s and 1830?s revolution and the immense power and authority the Church and Pope had and so prevented the idea of national unity from spreading. Regionalism and cultural slowed the progress of national unity as ordinary Italians were not looking for unity between the states and were happy with the way life was. Another factor considered as important for the slow progress was that Metternich wanted Italy weak and divided, so a national union between the states would not be reached- this meant that Austria had a heavy influence in Italy. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, Mazzini?s ideas appealed to limited social classes and so alienated important supporters which is one of the reasons for the slow progress in uniting Italy as he failed to acknowledge the significance of having a revolution that included all the different types of people in Italy- his ideas were not popular among the vast majority of Italians. Another factor that needs to be examined when looking at the reasons for the slow progress in national unity in Italy was lack of mass support in the 1820?21 and 1830 revolutions as it only consisted of small uprising with limited support which shows that national unity in Italy was not important for many Italians. The 1820?21 and 1830 revolutions were actually small uprisings by a tiny number of people who wanted change in their state- whether this was democracy or a constitution. Therefore, the fact that there was a lack of support in these ?revolutions? shows that Italians were not actually interesting in having revolutions in their own states let alone fighting for national unity in Italy and so this is why there was slow progress in Italian unification. ...read more.

Conclusion

Austria had control over the ruling monarchs in Italy but national unity in Italy will put an end to this. Austria?s force therefore slowed the progress of national unity in Italy by eradicating revolutionaries and working with the restored monarchs to stop the idea of unification spreading. Overall, to some degree, the limited appeal of Mazzini?s idea was a main reason for the slow progress for the national unity in Italy as his ideas were too radical which meant it only appealed to limited social class and the revolutionary nature of Mazzini?s nationalism limited his appeal. However, other aspects such as the role of the Church and the Pope were a bigger influence to the slow progress of Italian unification as the Church highly influenced ordinary people and so be preventing the idea of Italian unification from reaching the peasants reduced support to the unification thus slowing down its progress. The church had mass support which is what Mazzini lacked. The lack of nationalism was a big reason for the slow progress because by 1848, Italians were still thinking regionally and unification was not on the agenda. People would not have paid much attention to Mazzini?s ideas for national unity. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    The main reason why the German revolutions of 1848 failed was because they failed ...

    3 star(s)

    They were causing disturbances in the countryside by refusing to perform feudal services and attacking castles. The group of people that caused unrest within towns were called 'Handwerkers', they provided the majority of manufactured goods, and were annoyed that machinery was taking over their jobs, and their trades were in decline.

  2. Why did the 1848 revolutions in italy fail?

    Although France would have been Austria's traditional enemy they helped crush the revolutionary Roman Republic, led by Mazzini, as France was a predominantly catholic country but also to expand French power by having influence & control in other European countries.

  1. What were the obstacles to German Unification immediatly before the 1848 Revolutions

    Metternich was clearly one of the biggest obstacles preventing unification at the beginning of 1848 because of the policies he had enacted and the influence he had due to his position. It could be said that as long as Metternich was foreign minister than unification would be nearly impossible because

  2. Compare and access the main reasons for the failure of the Italian revolutions due ...

    new roads and limiting what little education the public had in the first place. This lack of freedom was a main cause of revolution amongst the middle class. The King decided to meet the rebel's demands in July allowing adults to vote and in turn limiting the Kings power and even the power of the nobles.

  1. A dreamer and a propagandist who failed to contribute anything of substance to Italian ...

    This was bizarre as Cavour wanted unification like Mazzini. Opinions similar to Perry Rogers suggest that the revolutionary movements needed the dreamers providing they devoted themselves to the cause as mazzini did. Mazzini proved he was extremely able at spreading basic ideas which contradicts the claim that his ideas were

  2. Describe the main features of government and society within Italy that made revolution likely ...

    The revolutionary view was opposed to the other three believing instead of Austrian safety depending on maintaining separated states ruled by absolute monarchs.

  1. Why did the early revolutions fail to unite Italy?

    Here Ferdinand told of the fact that he had been forced to grant a constitution and asked Austria to help him regain his absolute rule. Metternich gladly agreed and in March 1821, he sent Austrian troops in to Naples where they savagely took back the rule and dashed the constitutional monarchy down.

  2. Was Germany a meaningful concept by 1815?

    Because he was a great leader and the citizens of Prussia looked up to him, he could influence and spread the ideas of liberalism more strongly and effectively. In doing this he influenced the Prussian culture which led them to question what bring German meant and therefore pushed further the ideas of a united Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work