• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree with the proposition that the outcome of the civil war was more to do with why the Whites lost than the factors leading to the victory of the Reds?

Extracts from this document...


How far do you agree with the proposition that the outcome of the civil war was more to do with why the Whites lost than the factors leading to the victory of the Reds? In my opinion the outcome of the civil war was equally to do with why the Whites lost and the factors leading to the victory of the Reds. I think that a Red victory was a foregone conclusion because of the Whites failure to co-ordinate and impose clear strategies and ideals but also because of fortunate advantages that the Bolsheviks gained through know skill of their own. For me the question isn't why the Whites lost but why they did so well for so long against an enemy technically superior in almost all aspects even if it is because of the geography of the Russia. The Brest-Litovsk peace agreement between Germany and communist Russia incited significant proportions of Russia's population to violently oppose the Bolshevik Government. Out of this strong opposition evolved the Whites, who became the main threat to the Bolshevik regime. ...read more.


The Whites gained a large amount of their support from ethnic minorities. Support was often given in the hope of gaining some form of independence in the future. White leaders however believed in a 'Russia, one and indivisible'. This created much internal bickering in the White organisation with ethnic groups like the Cossacks often refusing to fight, which didn't help the already outnumbered White army. Despite having the help of no less than eleven countries during the civil war the Whites failed to co-ordinate each country's activities and each county ended up just following their own localised objectives. The Reds also created there own advantages. The effective leadership of the Bolsheviks by Lenin proved influential. The Red army had someone to organise them and someone to create clear objectives for them to follow. Lenin laid down the Bolsheviks purposes and made their intentions and morals clear for the population to see. This helped them to drum up increasing support, especially from the peasants who were presented with the choice of Reds or Whites. ...read more.


Luckily for the Bolsheviks however, Russia is a very large country and they were able to let the Whites gain ground until they could send in troops from other fronts and repel the attack. What if the Reds weren't privileged with the use of the railway network? Then the troops wouldn't have been able to get to Orel so quickly or easily and repel the attack and once again the Whites may have been able to implement an attack on Moscow. Other factors to consider are things such as the Reds having control of weapon producing factories and whether they would have been so effective in these battles without the factories or if the communications network broke down how they would co-ordinate these attacks/defences, all these advantages were gained because of the geography of Russia which is through no tactical brilliance of the Reds but just pure chance. Because of this I think its fair to say that the outcome of the civil war was as much to do with the factors leading to a Red victory as it is to do with why the Whites lost. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How were the reds able to defeat the whites in the Russian civil war

    This caused one of the worst famines ever recorded. There was also terror against the church. They took every valuable item belonging to the church and tried to crush their existence. The Reds ruthlessly geared the whole economy to winning the civil war through the policy of 'War Communism'.

  2. Was the civil warinevitable?

    easy to see to an extent the correlation between European revolutions such as the French revolution and much later the Russian revolution. However not all countries had a revolution in nineteenth century Europe and thus it by no means makes an "American social revolution" inevitable.

  1. How important was Stalins Leadership in relation to other factors, in accounting for the ...

    Additional assistance came from U.S. Russian War Relief (a private, nonprofit organization) and the Red Cross who also sent supplies. Again, it could be suggested that it was Stalin's political ability that allowed him to form these alliances that proved to be so vital.

  2. How far were White weaknesses responsible for Red success in Russian Civil War?

    proven by the Volga Famine in 1920-21, in which more than 3 million people died. It can be argued that Lenin created a machinery of terror and a police state, as the Bolsheviks set up concentration and labour camps for the opposition.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Jumblatt went to Damascus hoping to get weapons from Syria, On his way to Damascus, Jumblatt made a statement to journalists that he hoped to receive them soon in Bikfaya and Jounieh. Ten days earlier Leftist forces had launched their first major offensive in the Mountain.

  2. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    Whites Civil War was over before the official end of the War, as Soviet historiography dates the end in 1922, thus leading me to the assumption that the Reds versus Whites Civil War was somewhat significant as it was a victory for the Bolsheviks, however this was not the only

  1. Why did the Reds win the civil war

    Their bases were separated by long distances and scattered in the sparsely populated areas on the edges of the central area. This meant communication was difficult, which meant organisation was again complicated. The civil war was fought in three main stages.

  2. Why the Whites lost the Civil War of Russia.

    there was political paradox - Great Russian nationalists and advocates of a restored and unified Great Russian states were based in regions dominated by non Russians and autonomy minded Cossacks � The Whites did not have access to the seas and Allied support.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work