• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899 - 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you support the idea that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899 - 1914? Warlike and aggressive suggests Germany wished to instigate war during this period. In 1899 she was a new country that had come to considerable power, and was trying to increase this status against European competition. Looking at the sources, three are 'secret', inferring the authors considered the documents true, and content in each is, therefore, to be taken as reliable. If we look at them more closely, we can consider sources four and one as more important than others, as the two authors were key in German foreign policy, von Bulow, as chancellor, had a great say in the outcome. When saying this, however, we must appreciate the chronology, and with source four much closer to the war, and being private, we should place it as more important, especially as the author is of such status. Source one confirms Germany being important in European trade, able to challenge the trade of Britain. When compared to other sources, however, it is a public address to politicians, and so is unlikely to be doctored to the extent of falsification. ...read more.

Middle

Bertie suggested the possibility of Britain allying with Germany, but also expresses the certainty of allying with a European power in the event of war. By committing to Germany, however, Britain would be committing to, "internal troubles," in Austria. This may not have been favourable to Britain, and with a possible war in which France and Russia would be opposition, the situation looks less likely for Britain to ally herself with Germany. The validity of source three can be questioned to its status as a response. It is fair that it is secret, but by being responsive, we do not know the credibility of the document to which it was responding. By analysing the wording of this we can see that he is not writing directly to Crowe, but that it is to another party. This furthers the case against the validity as the memorandum of Crowe was therefore not for the sole use of Sanderson. The opening sentence seems that Sanderson has a slight inclination toward defending the opinion Crowe levelled against Germany, but also that, because she needs defending, there must be some underlying reference. In this case it is that of, "black deeds," but Sanderson is quick to arrange the view that Germany and Britain have indeed managed a fair relationship. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source six has mainly been explained, but another point is the percentage increase of axis compared to allies. Excluding Italy from this argument axis had increased over 100% between 1910 and 1914 in the army. Although this increase is not evident in naval expenditure, this may be due to the restriction Germany laid upon herself, as described in source four. As these estimates are of expenditure at the time, Britain has increased expenditure, which may be due to the British Empire. Germany had no need for such expenditure outside of Europe and, therefore, her rises are more reflective of the situation. Germany is certainly warlike from 1910, but so are the other major powers. It is almost impossible to ascertain who was the aggressor from the sources, as the memorandums from Britain infer it to be Germany, although each also has a slight element of support. The sources from Germany suggest others, with only source four directly referring to Britain as the aggressor. Britain had to increase her expenditure overall because of her current empire, and the navy was key to this. Germany however raised the expenditure considerably of her army, but whether this was an aggressive or defensive motive is impossible to, as the period intervals in source six do not tell us if one expenditure was raised in retaliation to that of another. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How far was Germany responsible for the outbreak of war in 1914?

    Whether it was intentional or not, Germany did have to face the possibility of fighting a war on two separate fronts at the same time. However it was not true encirclement as they had Austria Hungary to the south and an outlet to the North Atlantic Ocean to the North,

  2. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    * In early 1914 Britain and Germany were probably on better terms that they hid been since Bismarck's time. But that was soon to change. The Balkans * The collapse of Turkey created a power vacuum, of which both Russia and the Austrian Empire tried to take advantage.

  1. To What extent was German Foreign Policy responsible for the outbreak of general European ...

    To quote the historian James Joll "they believed that the more decisive the Austrian action was and the firmer Germany's backing of her ally the less likely the Russians would be to intervene". The issue of German support is also crucial because the Kaiser sent a 'blank cheque' to the

  2. Consider How Far Gladstone And Disraeli Differed In Their Policies Regarding The British Empire ...

    As a man of principles he did not like to see such wrong doings carried out, especially against his fellow Christians. The Berlin Memorandum in May 1876 offered a diplomatic solution to the problem as it involved Austria Germany and Russia.

  1. Evaluation of key sources to address the question of increased tension

    The source very simply displays increased tension by showing the amount of action America was taking in order to aid the South Vietnamese in the war, they were investing time and money into the conflict which can do nothing but infuriate the Soviets.

  2. Reasons for the increasing support given to NSDAP by the German people in the ...

    the most secret desires, the least permissible instincts, the sufferings and personal revolts of a whole nation." Frequently arriving late to create a tense atmosphere he would begin almost all his speeches in a hesitant manner as if waiting to receive some sort of response from his audience.

  1. Why did Britain become involved in a European War in 1914?

    the favourable result of arbitration by America in the border dispute between herself and Venezuela in 1895. Without Britain's support Germany was also forced to back down. The realization that Britain could not be relied upon encouraged Germany to embark on a naval building programme.

  2. How significant was the presence of foreign powers as an influence on the nature ...

    The League of Nations took no territorial integrity into consideration when doing this, and, run by the allies, self interest took priority as each vied for power within the Middle East. Dr Nigel Ashton supports this by stating that the mandates ??sowed the dragon?s teeth?? which eventually grew into a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work