• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you think Bloody Sunday was a turning point in the course of the troubles of Northern Ireland?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far do you think "Bloody Sunday" was a turning point in the course of the troubles of Northern Ireland? Disagreements between the Protestant and Catholic communities in Northern Ireland have existed for centuries, but the problems escalated into all-out conflict in the late 1960s when the British army became involved. Since then, thousands of people have died in bombings and shootings carried out by both sides. There are turning points which are argued by many historians that led to the course of troubles in Northern Ireland, some cases stronger than others for example the event of Bloody Sunday in 1972, which is seen as one of the most significant turning points in that it caused a lot of problems economically, socially and politically. Other turning points which are argued by historians include the introduction of internment, the Battle of the Bogside, the introduction of British troops into Northern Ireland and also the Falls Road Curfew. One strong argument is that "Bloody Sunday" is a major turning point in the course of troubles of Northern Ireland. In Londonderry on Sunday 30th January 1972, there was a huge protest march against the use of internment which was organised by the Civil Rights Movement. The British Parachute Regiment troops sealed off the area and as a result of this stones were being hailed towards them by youths and objectors in the streets. The soldiers of the regiment claimed that they were fired at and returned fire. The result of the shootings ended with 13 marchers, all apparently unarmed, being killed. ...read more.

Middle

Moreover as a direct consequence of internment, many more no-go areas were established and all Catholics began suspecting the IRA. In addition to this the IRA then had safe haven to bring in weapons and make bombs for them. Many troops became frustrated and lost their discipline. This was immediately exploited and Bloody Sunday represented a massive propaganda victory for the IRA and Sinn Fein as the television and press publicized the killings of the catholic men (Kennedy Pipe). In addition to this Kennedy Pipe and Hennessey state that "Internment increased terrorist activity". This backs up the argument that Internment is seen as a turning point because of further problems it caused in Northern Ireland. A turning point that is also debated by historians as to whether it is a significant turning point in the course of troubles in Northern Ireland is that of the Battle of the Bogside. On the 12th August "The Apprentice Boys March", which led to the Battle of the Bogside, took place to commemorate the Protestant victory in the Siege of Derry in 1689 and was considered highly provocative by many Catholics. Although the march did not pass through the Bogside it was here that trouble was expected to and did break out. Initially taunts were exchanged between the loyalists and Bogsiders. Stones were then thrown from both sides for a period, before the police forced the nationalists into Bogside itself, they were followed by local loyalists, at which point the rioting broke out. From August 13-17 1969, Northern Ireland was rocked by intensive sectarian rioting. ...read more.

Conclusion

This then led to the violence and problems taking place in Northern Ireland. Furthermore in addition to Bloody Sunday and the introduction of Internment being seen as turning points, another turning point that has reason to be argued to cause problems within Northern Ireland is the Battle of the Bogside. It is seen as a turning point in the course of troubles of Northern Ireland because of the violence that it caused and also the political deadlock it caused between the major political parties in Northern Ireland over the future status of Northern Ireland and the form of government there should be within Northern Ireland. Finally the last two arguments of the introduction of the British troops and the Falls Road curfew are seen as turning points in the course of the troubles of Northern Ireland also. The introduction of the British troops into Northern Ireland is argued to be a turning point because it raised many eyebrows and caused more conflict and violence. Although Catholics saw the entrance of the troops as a neutral force a good thing to begin with to try and keep order between them and Protestants, it is argued that the way the British dealt with things that is questioned to have caused more problems within the communities. Finally the Falls Road curfew is disputed to lead to problems because again it involved the British troops. The Provisional IRA received a lot of the blame because they attacked the British troops who then imposed the Curfew. The Nationalist community felt they were being treated unfairly and retaliated against the British troops which in turn caused more violence and conflict between the British army and the Irish Republican Paramilitaries. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How far was the Boer War, 1899-1902, a turning point in the history of ...

    5 star(s)

    In addition, differences with the USA over the issue of Venezuela were settled and American domination of the North American continent was accepted. Therefore, the Boer War was a turning point in Britain's diplomatic attitudes. The war highlighted Britain's vulnerability and the unsuitability of splendid isolation, causing her to improve

  2. Was the "Battle of Britain" a Major Turning Point In World War II.

    The amounts of troops being sent to Normandy were as follows; First day: 60,000 men After 1 week: 300,000 men After 3 months 2,000,000 men and over 450,000 vehicles were stationed in Normandy compared to the Germans 600,000 men and smashed beach defences.

  1. Considering the changes in warfare 1845-1991 how far can Blitzkrieg be considered a turning ...

    whether they had simply harnessed a method through the studies of other military documentations and theories. Two decades previous to Germany's tactical war effort, J.F.C Fuller noted his proposed armed strategies through plan 1919 in which he highlighted the advantages of a mobile battlefield closely supported by aerial forces to disorganize and cut off troops.

  2. A Bloody Revolt: The Kikuyu Reaction to Colonization

    After being completely ignored and contradicted, the Kikuyu lost all hopes that there was a peaceful solution to their problems, and turned to violence. At first Mau Mau actions ran unchecked, as the Governor at the time, Sir Philip Mitchell, was only months from retirements, and he simply ignored the warning signs.

  1. While surfing the channels on TV you might hear a lot of news about ...

    Blackmailing because we never know what will happen. Governments should be in alert and should take the threats seriously. But yet they stand inefficiently with the problem of terrorism. Well that brings us back to the question, what is terrorism?

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Confederate president Jefferson DAVIS intended to fight on, but it was hopeless. The Civil War was over. A Nation Transformed: The North The war had transformed both North and South. On Jan. 1, 1863, Lincoln had issued his EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, declaring slavery dead wherever rebellion existed (in the border states, it was terminated by later local action).

  1. Conscientious objectors

    Conscription In May 1939, war looked increasingly likely, and in Britain the Military Training Act was passed.

  2. Select and explain the most important turning points in Senator Joe McCarthy's political career

    The assassination of JFK is one of the single most talked about events, ever, in the history of the 20th Century. Facts don't add up, people change their stories, evidence contradicts itself, and most importantly there are far too many coincidences.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work