• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was a shared ideology responsible for improved relations between Germany and Italy, during the period, 1936-39?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far was a shared ideology responsible for improved relations between Germany and Italy, during the period, 1936-39? Germany and Italy were very similar in many ways. They were both one party states with a strong leader and state control of the economy. They shared an expansionist foreign policy and had the same methods of military (private armies). Both Germany and Italy shared nationalist views and a joint hatred of communism. They both hated the Treaty of Versailles and wanted it to be revised as they had both come off badly from it. Germany had lost some of its land from it, and Italy had not got what it had wanted 'The Mutilated Victory' But this was not the only reason for the improved relations, circumstances such as the weaknesses displayed by western allies led to furthering the link between Germany and Italy and their shared ideology was just the foundation to their relationship. In the years before this, 1933-35 the relations had been tense. Mussolini had felt himself to be more senior than Hitler and there was also a traditional sense of Italian superiority, due to the legacy of the Roman Empire. Examples of this tension include the meeting between the two leaders in June 1934 when Hitler turned up dressed in casual clothes, whereas Mussolini was in full uniform. ...read more.

Middle

In October 1936 the Lira developed by 40% Germany and Italy got other countries to join with them Italy joined the Anti-Comintern Pact (formed between Germany and Italy, on the 25th November 1936) on the 6th of November 1937. Thereby creating a new Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis,. There was a waver in the improving relations in 1938. Hitler had taken over control of the military, after purging his military and foreign office officials. On the 4th of February he announced 'From now on I take over personally the command of the whole armed forces' In March 1938 there was a potential for tension after Germany did not inform Mussolini of her intentions to unite with Austria, breaking the agreement made in January 1936. But Mussolini ignored Scushnigg's called for help, and refused to return it. Hitler thanked Mussolini for this. Although, saying that he would 'never forget' what Mussolini had done in agreeing to this Anschluss. This was a major turnaround from 1934 when Mussolini had sent his own troops to prevent the Anschluss. In 1939, there seemed to be a 'pivotal moment' in that Hitler was becoming the more powerful, dominant of the two men. This was because of the triumphs in Foreign Policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

We see this in Hitler's ability to ignore the terms of the Anti-Comintern pact by forming the Nazi-Soviet Pact in August 1939. Mussolini sent Hitler a letter outlining his worries and queries on 25th August 1939. ' I consider it my implicit duty as a true friend to tell you the whole truth and inform you about the actual situation in advance. Not to do so might have unpleasant consequences for us all. This is my point of view and since within a short time I must summon the highest governmental bodies of the realm, I ask you to let me know yours as well.' Benito Mussolini I can hence conclude that it was not solely a shared ideology that was responsible for the improved relations between Germany and Italy, although this may have been the primary motivation. The weaknesses displayed by the allies, during this period allowed Hitler to take advantage of the situation and led to further relations with Italy. Allies weren't in a position to stop this as neither had alliances or relations with the Germany or Italy as they had been isolated from their western counterparts. It may also be considered a false statement to say that relations where always improved during this time. There were in fact a lot of troubles and grievances between the two countries such as the Pact of Steel. Hitler and Mussolini together on Mussolini's visit to Germany ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. International Relations in WWII

    They eventually adopted a two-faced approach - privately appeasing Mussolini and publicly supporting sanctions against Italy. In 1936 Italy and Germany's relationship developed into an 'axis' understanding. Germany and Japan created an Anti-Comintern Pact, which pledged to keep the USSR from attacking each other.

  2. "Hitler's foreign policy successes between 1936 and 1939 rested on his remarkable tactical skills ...

    This broke the little entente, and began to drive a wedge into Europe. This aside however, the reoccupation of the Rhineland was a minimally planned gamble, and by no means a show of neither skill nor exploitation. On 5th November 1937, a secret meeting took place at the Reichstag chancellery

  1. Hitlers Germany

    of conquering Russia and the Ukraine, Hitler had shown that he was capable of translating his fantasies into a terrible reality. The invasion of Russia, the S.S. extermination squads, the planned elimination of the Jewish race; the treatment of the Poles and Russians, the Slav Untermenschen - these, too, were the fruits of Hitler's imagination.

  2. The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust. How valid is this assessment ...

    This document is important as it had the purpose of instructing the people how to discriminate and isolate the Jews. This suggests that anti-Semitism was thrust upon the German people. This document is a contemporary source directly issued by the Nazi party, therefore a clear reflection of their views.

  1. Why was the league so ineffective in dealing with the Abyssinian Crisis?

    However, the sanctions were not placed upon the essentials for war, iron, coal and oil because Britain and France were worried about provoking Mussolini any more than they had to.

  2. Compare and contrast the situation in Italy 1919-22 with that in Germany 1919-29.

    Eventually, based on the Kings power, he installed Mussolini in the prime minister seat in 1922, as b this time Mussolini was being reputed as 'the person'. The march on Rome soon aft marked the fascist takeover of the Italian office.

  1. How successfully did the Nazis impose their ideology on German women?

    the nation, there is no objection to further satisfaction of the sexual urge. SOURCE 4 Goebbels, 1929 The mission of women is to be beautiful and bring children into the world ... The female bird pretties Herself for her mate and hatches eggs for him.

  2. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    It is approximated the Einsatzgruppen killed 1,500,000 people through Operation Barbarossa. It is this mass murder why many historians such as Richard Rhodes6 believe that the Wannsee Conference of January 1942 does not mark the starting point for the Holocaust, this evidence of the previous source linked with Richard Rhodes

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work