• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was England a Protestant nation on the death of Henry VIII in 1547?

Extracts from this document...


How far was England a Protestant nation on the death of Henry VIII in 1547? On the death of Henry VIII, England seemed to be far from being a Protestant nation. However, there were quite a few changes which could suggest that England was going towards Protestantism or perhaps had already adapted it, although the adoption of Protestantism in most cases could be argued as more political moves then religious. There were quite a few cases which were moves towards Protestantism. In 1546, Henry named his Regency Council, which put England in the direction of Protestantism. The Council Henry chose for Edward was heavily Protestant and therefore gave the potential for Protestantism to triumph after the death of the King. Furthermore, two years before, in 1544 Henry appointed the Protestant John Cheke as six year old Prince Edward's tutor. John Cheke's ideas would obviously have influence over Edward. However, in the same month, Anne Askew was burned for denying transubstantiation, which showed Henry's commitment to parts of Catholicism. ...read more.


Furthermore, in 1943 Parliament bought in an Act for the Advancement of True Religion which condemned 'crafty, false and untrue' translations of the Bible and limited Bible reading to the politically powerful. This was a move to Catholicism and shows that England wasn't reformed. However, the injunctions in 1538 favoured the reformers again. The suppression of the larger monasteries was taking place and Henry was in the company of German Lutheran princes. Therefore Cromwell published a second set of inunctions. The majority were extensions of the first set from 1536; images that were the object of pilgrimage, mainly Catholic concepts, were taken down. Also, candles before images were prohibited and sermons were to be preached. These factors were all for Protestantism and against Catholicism. The Ten Articles of 1536 and the Bishop's Book of 1537 didn't introduce Lutheran ideas on the Eucharist, sacraments and justification, but did leave these important issues open to uncertainty and debate. Even attempts to join England in alliance with Lutheran states - most notably Henry's marriage to Anne of Cleves in January 1540 revealed the extent to which Henry was willing to tolerate reformist ideas. ...read more.


The basic elements of Catholic belief were still in place in 1547. There is little evidence to suggest the Reformation had spread far to the localities other than the removal of monastic charity and the preaching campaign to enforce the supremacy. Cromwell's injunctions had had only a limited impact. Important shrines had been removed and important relics destroyed, but on the whole in the parishes worship and maintenance of images and relics continued as before, often being quickly replaced once visitations had passed. Furthermore, the absence of opposition to the reforms was limited, but not because of popular acceptance but more a fear of punishment or hopes for a reversal of the reforms in the future. The spread of the Reformation amongst the population by 1547 was limited; nevertheless there was in several places a Protestant minority capable of dividing the community. The establishment of royal supremacy over the Church of England had given rise to demands for reform as a result of Henry's forged alliance between himself and reformers, but Henry died a confirmed Catholic, bringing back important Catholic doctrines, leaving money to the poor and endowing priests to say prayers for his soul after his death. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. To What Extent Was England Protestant by 1547?

    However Henry VIII had him executed in 1540, some say because of a difference in spirituality. Yet this is not at all definite, there are many examples of Henry executing people due to personal differences, so this could easily have been the case here.

  2. To What Extent Was England A Protestant Country By 1547?

    of the Church within the Holy Roman Empire, Henry was simply attempting to fulfil his obligation as a King and religious believer by attempting to rid the Church of corrupt and unnecessary practises. Henry's preparation for a Protestant successor following his death in the form of Edward VI suggests that

  1. "To what extent had Henry VIII left an explosive legacy to his son Edward ...

    This left his son in a good position by the end of his reign, so not much of an explosive legacy to pass on, but a useful one.

  2. To what extent was england a protestant country by 1547

    The ten articles of 1536 were an act of Parliament which stated the official positions of the Church of England. It upheld orthodox teachings on the sacraments of baptism, penance, and Transubstantiation in the Holy Eucharist, but also introduced government opposition to traditional Catholic practices such as prayerful devotions to saints and to the virgin Mary.

  1. Using all the sources and your own knowledge, assess to what extent the dissolution ...

    The Bible was published in English in 1539 and Henry sent a copy of this 'Great Bible' to every church parish in England. This was reflective of the Protestant belief of 'priesthood for all believers' as until then Bibles and services were in Latin which few people could understand.

  2. Was England a Catholic or Protestant Country by January 1547?

    1538 once again saw opposing acts of religion. On the one hand Cromwell (distinctly Protestant) recognised Protestants by placing English bibles in all parishes, removing relics and discouraging pilgrimages. All of these gave a clear message that Protestantism was in control, but that same year Henry executed John Lambert for his rejection of transubstantiation.

  1. How far was England a Catholic Country by the end of Henry VIII's reign ...

    congregations being taught the Lord's Prayer, the Articles of Faith and the Ten Commandments. Also in 1536, the Ten Articles only mentioned Baptism, Penance and Communion. The omission of the other four sacraments was a strongly Protestant belief. Finally in 1538, all Churches were ordered to get an English Bible, which can be seen as a further move towards Protestantism.

  2. Henry VIII and Religion

    His sincere devotion to the Bible was shared by Erasmians and Lutherans. It appears that his Protestantism grew during the 1530's, perhaps because only a form of Protestantism would truly serve the positive reforms made by him in other areas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work