• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was growth in support for fascism in the years 1919-22 responsible for Mussolinis appointment as Prime Minster?

Extracts from this document...


How far was growth in support for facism in the years 1919-22 responsible for Mussolinis appointment as Prime Minster? Growth of support for facism was a reason for Mussolinis appointment as Prime Minister,however there were many other reasons for Mussolinis appointment as PM, but growth of support was very important for him. The war and the mutilated victory, had an affect on Mussolinis appointment as PM. The main reason wad that the nationalists were bitterly disappointed that italy didn?t make any gains during the war. The nationalists claimed that Italy had been betrayed by the Liberal government, this shows that the nationalists might have wanted to overthrow the Liberal government and therefore supported Mussolini before he was appointed. This links into the title point that Mussolini had a wide support base and that it was growing. This aslo links to andother factor of his appointment, Mussolinis tactics, he used the dual stratagy, which is the threat of violence but staying within the political system. The nationalists, who wanted a stronger Italy, would have been used as a threat of violence and rebellion. ...read more.


The split between legal and real italy was widen by the fact that over four fifths of the population was illiterate. Thirdly the long term problems of Italy help Mussolini to his success, the large North-South divide was the biggest long term problem. This happened because the North had industrialised quicker than the south, the North was already economically better off and the industrialisation increased the gap between the North and south. This North-South divide links to the demobalisation of the five million troops, this is because in the North they could not gain jobs as the north was industrialised and therefore needed skilled workers not troops, and in the South the poorer classes were exploited by the small amounts of land owners. Another long term was that the Political elite did little to resolve social and economic problems, this point links with the weakness of the political system, that the social and political elite ran the country and cared more about themselves than the people. This was also shown by the huge amounts of bribery that occurred within the parliament and government between politicians. ...read more.


The rising support for Mussolini was a major factor in his appointment as Prime Minister. In 1912 the Liberals agreed to expand the vote to all men over 30 this meant that the masses could now vote. This could have meant that Mussolini gained more supporters from the lower classes. This expanded the electorat from 3 to 5 million so Mussolini could have gained a lot of support. The main bulk of his supporters were ex-soldiers and revolutionaires who wanted recognition for their part in the war. Mussolini also had the Ras?, who were extreme facist thugs who wanted the use of violence or a revolution to gain control. Overall the growth in support was a key factor for Mussolini as it meant that he could use his dual stratgy to gain power. It also meant that he appealed to all the classes not just the lower class. He also appealed to different political groups, like the nationalists and facists, so he gained supportfrom peole in all the political parties. This meant that he ahd a foothold everywhere to be able to gain dictatorship at a later date. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. History - Mussolini's Rise to Power

    Their reputation as violent and anti-elitist, whether reasonable or not, gradually increased support for the Fascists and other right-wing political segments. It is understood that the perceived socialist 'threat' weakened after Biennio Rosso, with the Fascist movement further inflating

  2. Compare and contrast the situation in Italy 1919-22 with that in Germany 1919-29.

    On the other hand, when analyzing the German Weimar republic post-war two periods have to be recognized, the pre-Stresemann period (1919-23) and the post-Stresemann period (1923-1929). In the pre-Stresemann era The faces of the angered, frustrated, humiliated people of Germany meant that the Kaiser William the 11 had to be

  1. 'In reality he achieved very little.' How far do you agree with this judgment ...

    However in the end they became disillusioned by the corruption, and they wrote anti-fascist writings anyway. This was all merely propaganda. Admittedly it was initially successful in maintaining Mussolini's power and sustaining the regime, but ultimately it failed as it didn't prevent the hostility.

  2. Features of Fascism

    Rocco inspired Mussolini to aim for the totalitarian state and supported him in his attempt. Giovanni Gentile, the creator of the Enciclopedia Italiana, drove the propaganda train for the totalitarian state, influencing newspapers, television and radio with the ideas. In 1932 Mussolini published the 'Doctrine of Fascism' a document justifying the need for totalitarianism and why he should be dictator.

  1. Assess the reasons why so many Italians came to support fascism during the years ...

    The socialists had 156 seats and the catholic party had 100. This lead to the Liberals collating with the Catholics even though they didn't entirely trust each other. It became clear that the Liberals were unable to deal with Italy's problems and Italian workers began to favor the socialists.

  2. Was control or Propaganda more important to consolidating Mussolini's Reign

    In 1926, a law on association outlawed all political opposition, and a secret police force was established to arrest political opponents. In 1925-26, more than ten thousand anti-fascists were arrested, sentenced to death and exiled. To strengthen his control of the country, the workers' unions were dissolved and opposition newspapers were closed.

  1. ''Too few politicians were willing to oppose Mussolini.'' How far do you agree ...

    Acts such as the Acebo law, which made it almost impossible to vote the Facists out of power were popular amoung politians as it was seen as the end of the weak Liberal governments. Even after the Matteotti murder in 1924, the King refused to dismiss Mussolini as he was

  2. How successful were Mussolini's economic policies?

    The actions that were taken to attempt to achieve these aims are as follows. Banks instituted tight controls on money supply, the economy deflated in order to drive up the value of the Lira, and a Quota 90 was achieved in 1927 when the Lira was returned to Gold standard and the exchange rate was fixed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work