• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far was Italy's Poor Performance in the War the Main Reason for the overthrow of Mussolini in 1943

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Far was Italy's Poor Performance in the War the Main Reason for the overthrow of Mussolini in 1943? There are several reasons why Mussolini fell from power in 1943, Italy's poor performance in the war being one of the most significant ones. However this isn't the only factor that contributed to the overthrow of Mussolini in 1943. There was chaos and shortages within Italy, hatred towards Mussolini's alliance with Germany, opposition emerged, and the elite and several leading Fascists wanted Mussolini to be removed from power. Mussolini's decision to join the war in 1941 was very unpopular in Italy, and the fact that they performed so badly made people even more unhappy. Italian soldiers faced constant defeat due to their antiquated weaponry, lack of resources and dreadful leadership which made people back home very angry because for the past twenty years, Mussolini had produced boastful propaganda showing Italy as a warlike nation, however the reality was far from this. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason why Mussolini was overthrown in 1943 was as a result of the Pact of Steel of 1939 which made Italy and Germany allies. As the hatred of the Germans increased in Italy (as it became clear that they viewed Italy as a contemptible junior partner to be exploited as Germany saw fit), Mussolini became increasingly unpopular. However I don't believe that this would have led to Mussolini's overthrow without Italy's poor performance in the war, as I believe that if Italy won the war, this would have been mainly due to their alliance with Germany, which would have made Italians grateful for the Pact of Steel. By 1943, opposition had emerged as there were critical pamphlets everywhere calling for "Bread, Peace and Freedom," and there was graffiti on walls proclaiming "Death to the Duce!" ...read more.

Conclusion

To conclude, although there are several reasons why Mussolini was overthrown in 1943, I believe the main reason was Italy's poor performance in the war. Italy's defeat showed the Italians that for the past twenty years, Mussolini's propaganda boasting of a warlike nation were fiction, and this made them very angry. Furthermore, the poor performance in the war led to many shortages back home in Italy, and Mussolini was no longer able to lure Italians into a false sense of security. Italy's poor performance in the war also increased hatred towards the Germans, and angered Italians over the Pact of Steel of 1939. Lastly, the war led to the rise of opposition groups, and led to hostility from the elite and leading Fascists who had previously supported Mussolini. ?? ?? ?? ?? Juliet Miller ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Vietnam war

    * Under the NLF, as the people's liberation Armed forces, they were organised into regional companies and regular battalions. * Carried little more than a rifle, spare black pyjama suit, a mosquito net and a cotton tube of rice * Worked to use the rural villages to encircle and infiltrate

  2. Fascist Italy

    However even with the Fascist benefits, propaganda and laws, the 'Battle for Births' was a failure. The birth rate actually fell from 1927 to 1934, along with the marriage rate. In fact the only thing that did increase was the average marriage age, and of course the amount of propaganda surrounding the issue.

  1. Compare and contrast the situation in Italy 1919-22 with that in Germany 1919-29.

    Eventually, based on the Kings power, he installed Mussolini in the prime minister seat in 1922, as b this time Mussolini was being reputed as 'the person'. The march on Rome soon aft marked the fascist takeover of the Italian office.

  2. Romeo and Juliet

    Germany also tactfully new where to attack and knew the areas where they would not be expected to come through. The maginot line was a series of really strong forces along the French-German border. It was 93 miles long but it was 250 miles short of the sea.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work