• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was the conservative government responsible for the outbreak of the General Strike in 1926? (40 Marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How far was the conservative government responsible for the outbreak of the General Strike in 1926? (40 Marks) The UK General Strike of 1926 was a general strike that lasted nine days, from 3 May 1926 to 12 May 1926. It was called by the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in an unsuccessful attempt to force the government to act to prevent wage reduction and worsening conditions for coal miners. The heavy domestic use of coal in the First World War meant that rich seams were depleted. Britain exported less coal in the war than it would have done in peacetime, allowing other countries to fill the gap. The United States, Poland and Germany and their strong coal industries benefited in particular. The British coal mining industry suffered an economic crisis in 1925 largely caused by many factors. This essay will focus on the main factors that worsened the conditions of the miners so badly which led to the General Strike in 1926, in particular the Conservative Government under Stanley Baldwin. This essay will also focus upon other factors such as if the Miners Leaders, the Council of Trade Union Congress or Mine Owners were responsible or not. It could be argued that the Conservative Government under Stanley Baldwin was large extent responsible for the Strike. The reintroduction of the Gold Standard in April 1925 by Chancellor at that time Winston Churchill was one of the reasons how government was responsible. ...read more.

Middle

From 1922 to 1924, over 3,603 miners died and 597,193 were injured. These conditions were appalling. The fall in prices resulting from the 1925 Dawes Plan that, among other things, allowed Germany to re-enter the international coal market by exporting "free coal" to France and Italy as part of their reparations for the First World War, whereupon the demand for the British coal plummeted. The heavy domestic use of coal in the First World War meant that rich seams were depleted. Britain exported less coal in the war than it would have done in peacetime, allowing other countries to fill the gap. The United States, Poland and Germany and their strong coal industries benefited in particular. In 1925 the industry was running at a loss, and at the end of June 1925 the owners insisted on wage cuts and longer hours. Mine owners wanted to normalise profits even during times of economic instability - which often took the form of wage reductions for miners in their employ. Coupled with the prospect of longer working hours, the industry was thrown into disarray. This even angered the miners more. The Samuel report of 1926 gave some hope to the miners for better working conditions however; even this was crushed when the report also recommended that the government subsidy should be withdrawn and that the miners' wages should be reduced to 10 per cent to save the industry's profitability. ...read more.

Conclusion

This would be a trigger to the strike as the miners would argue that if the leaders are so unaware and are not going to do anything about conditions and amenities then they would need to so something to raise awareness and achieve what they wanted through projecting a voice; strikes. After looking at all the factors, we could say that each factor played an important part in the outbreak of the General Strike 1926; however I think the most important factor that was responsible to a large extent for the General Strike in 1926. People may argue that mine owners were largely responsible because they introduced wage cuts and long working hours however, government is more responsible here because the conservative government was in power and they could possibly stop the mine owners. It could be argued that mine owners introduced all these to save their coal industry and possibly save the miner from being unemployed if the coal industries do not work in competition of the other countries so In conclusion I think conservative government were more responsible than any other factors because, at the end of the day at that time they were in power and they could possibly look after the miners problems as well as the problems of coal-industry. They even refused to accept Samuel commission report that made the miners upset. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Extended Essay: Bismarck and The Unification of Germany

    5 star(s)

    The 1862 army reforms, admittedly forced through by Bismarck, increased Prussian military strength considerably. Conscription was extended from 2 to 3 years; state of the art weaponry was introduced, most notably the needle gun. The army produced not only physically but tactfully well trained soldiers, under strong, decisive amenable leadership.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent was warfare between Britain and France the main contributory factor in ...

    3 star(s)

    weaker than the British industrialised economy was that the bad winters of 1788 and 1789 brought the French to a complete standstill, a large blow to their production.

  1. Why Were Some Forms Of Nationalism More Successful Than Others In Achieving Concessions From ...

    the landlords could simply raise rents to a height where tenants were unable to pay in order to avoid paying compensation. It was in 1877 that Parnell secured the backing of the Fenians in an alliance which saw Constitutional Nationalism straddle certain parts of Revolutionary Nationalism.

  2. How far was the Provisional Government responsible for its own downfall

    To a Lesser extent the fact that the provisional government already faced a rival for political power was a contributing factor towards their downfall.

  1. Political issues far outweigh religious issues in explaining the outbreak of revolt in the ...

    However, for the grandees and nobles, the political motives in the Netherlands were undeniably the most important factor in furthering the revolt compared to religious matters.

  2. The First English Civil War

    From the first Cromwell was the dominant influence. Fresh from Edgehill, he had told Hampden: "You must get men of a spirit that is likely to go as far as gentlemen will go", not "old decayed serving-men, tapsters and such kind of fellows to encounter gentlemen that have honour and courage and resolution in them".

  1. To what extent is it true to say the Provisional Government faced an impossible ...

    created another very early onset problem for them, as in this one move they managed to alienate the majority of the Russian population. In 1917 over 80% of Russia was made up of peasants, which meant that the new Provisional Government was out of touch with the majority of Russia.

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    the British had not alienated a group of people on whom their security depended.?[5] Given the insensitivity of the British, the controversy over the greased cartridges was merely the flashpoint of the discontentment, revealed by the uprising of 1857. A rumour about the rifle cartridges being greased with cow and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work