• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was the Cuban missile crisis the most significant event in the years 1890-1980? If not what was?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐The Cuban Missile Crisis (CMC) of 1962 was a 13 day confrontation between the two superpowers USA and USSR during the Cold War period. The crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war and as a result both superpowers tried to adopt the policy of peaceful coexistence to avoid nuclear war. This resulting change in policy by both powers is seen as a key turning point in International Relations as it provided an alternative to nuclear war. Historian Larry Pullen stated that ?a thaw in the cold war came about as a result of the crisis?.. and that both superpowers modified their policies so there was less chance of confrontation?[1]. This statement by Pullen reinforces the idea that the Cuban Missile Crisis was a key turning point in International Relations because the change in policy was an attempt by the superpowers to limit the chance of nuclear confrontation. However this idea lacks support because proxy wars such as the Vietnam War still took place and both superpowers were still indirectly involved in these conflicts. In this essay there will be an attempt to look at examples of other key turning points within the period 1879-1980. ...read more.

Middle

This arguably made the refute of the RT the key turning point in International relations within period (1879-1880) as Russia inherited hostile relations with Germany as a result of the refusal RT resulting in a Franco-Russo alliance. Overall it could be said that the end of the Treaty was the key turning point in International Relations because it indirectly led to World War One. As well as resulting in a Peaceful coexistence with Russia historian Dominic Johnson summarised that the Cuban Missile Crisis, affected relations between the USSR and China as Russia appeared to look weak in front of the world[5] and according to Johnson this seemed to have made Russia fall short in favour of China as they appeared as the inferior superpower compared to the USA. This was a key turning point in international relations as Sino Soviet relations completely deteriorated and this deterioration in Sino-Soviet relations arguably led to the ?Rapprochement? policy between China and the USA. However the significance of this as the key turning point in the deterioration of Sino-Soviet relations can be questioned as the relationship between China and Russia was already strained. ...read more.

Conclusion

period. A turning point within the period (1879-1980) that did lead to International Co-operation was the Helsinki Accords in 1975. The Helsinki Accords Overall it could be said that the Cuban missile crisis was not a key turning point in international relations as it resulted from hostile tension in the cold war and an event like the cold war was likely to happen. Also it did not lead to any direct conflicts between the two superpowers ________________ [1] LARRY PULLEN CHRISTIAN ETHICS AND US FOREIGN POLICY :THE HELSINKI AND HUMAN RIGHTS P8 [2] PATRICIA WEITSMAN DANGEROUS ALLIANCES :PROPONENTS OF PEACE ,WEAPONS OF WAR.P103 [3] HAJO HOLBORN HISTORY OF MODERN GERMANY VOLUME 3 1845-1890.P249 [4] DR GARY SHEFFIELD BBC HISTORY WORLD WAR ONE [5] DOMINIC D. P JOHNSON, DOMINIC TIERNEY, FAILING TO WIN: PERCEPTIONS OF VICTORY AND DEFEAT IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS P114 [6] YU MAOCHUN THE DRAGONS WAR: ALLIED OPERATIONS AND THE FATE OF CHINA , CHAPTER 2 P18 [7] YU MAOCHUN THE DRAGONS WAR: ALLIED OPERATIONS AND THE FATE OF CHINA [8] MICHAEL DOCKRILL 1988 THE COLD WAR 1945-1963 [9] MARTIN MCCAULEY THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR 1941-1949 P6 [10] ANDREW CARL SORBEL STATE INSTITUTIONS, PRIVATE INCENTIVES, GLOBAL CAPITAL P79 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    These differences were reflected in the way the Allies governed their zones of Germany and Berlin. [At Potsdam, the Allies had agreed to establish an Allied Control Commission which would make decisions that affected Germany as a whole, and a Kommandatura to coordinate the four zones of Berlin.] * The

  2. Why was the Six-day War of 1967 a Significant Turning Point in the History ...

    No peace- this meant bloodshed. This agreement was an unforeseen problem for the Israelis. The Israelis had never thought that the 6 day war would lead to such an Arab agreement. They had now been sentenced to a continuous war.

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis and the blockade

    Missile Crisis as it was peaceful and did not result in bloodshed. It was relatively quick, and did not give the impression that the United States was a country that would back down in the face of opposition, no matter who it be.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis was a turning point in USA and USSR relations. Assess.

    The Bay of Pigs was an integral event leading to the unfolding of the Cuban Missile Crisis, as it provided the Soviets with two reasons for the establishment of nuclear weapons in Cuba. First, Khrushchev now saw Kennedy's character and hold on his party as being weak, and hence mistakenly assumed non-existent American opposition to his plans.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    How would peace be negotiated? The principles of the Atlantic Charter presumed establishment of democratic, freely elected, and representative governments in every area won back from the Nazis. If universalism were to prevail, each country liberated from Germany would have the opportunity to determine its own political structure through democratic means that would ensure representation of all factions of the body politic.

  2. The Sino-Soviet Split

    for a time, drawing them together to "reverse the tide of the United Nations advance."9 Movements towards greater equality in the Sino-Soviet alliance had already begun, then, when Stalin, the main proponent of a "father-son" relationship, died in 1953. Feeling perhaps that these events had combined to "remove...the shadow of

  1. How far did peaceful coexistence ease Cold War tensions between the Soviet Union and ...

    Nagy introduced moderate reforms that were part of his ?New Course?, and under popular pressure also moved to withdraw Hungary from the Warsaw Pact. This proved to be the final straw for the Soviets. Over a hundred thousand Soviet soldiers marched into Hungary to stop the demonstrators, and restore peace.

  2. The Cuban Missile Crisis was the most serious U.S.-Soviet confrontation of the Cold War

    Kennedy began to restrict U-2 flights over Cuba and pilots were told to avoid flying the whole length of the island. The President hoped this would ensure that a U-2 plane would not be shot down, and would prevent Cuba from becoming a major issue during the congressional election campaign.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work