• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far was the Failure of the 1848-9 Italian Revolutions Due to the Intervention of Foreign Powers?

Extracts from this document...


How Far was the Failure of the 1848-9 Revolutions Due to the Intervention of Foreign Powers? The revolutions of 1848-9 failed because the foreign powers were too powerful and were easily able to overpower them to stop the revolutions. In 1848, there was an uprising in Palermo, Sicily. This is because King Ferdinand refused to set up a provisional government. This spurred on uprisings in Naples by the secret societies, which forced King Ferdinand to make concessions. This lead to King Ferdinand introducing a parliament but its power was very limited. In Lombardy, Austrian rulers refused to give in to and grant a reform. The Milanese stopped smoking in protest, this affected Austria as they collected the revenue from the cigarettes that were sold. ...read more.


The Pope grants a limited constitution, which lets all Italian Catholics know that he is ok with them helping Charles Albert invade Lombardy. However in April the Pope issues an Allocution condemning the war, as he saw Charles Albert as an aggressor that did he did not support a united Italy. This lead too many soldiers turning back from the war as they did not want to go against the Pope, as it would be going against their religious beliefs. In May, Charles Albert took Peschiera, however a French army amassed on the border. Radetzky persuades Austria to fight for Lombardy. This lead to Charles Albert being dispelled from Lombardy. In November, a new PM, Rossi, was appointed in Austria, this puts a stop to any hopes of making any territorial claim to Piedmont. ...read more.


By June 1849, the French had 20,000 troops in Rome. This lead to Garibaldi Fleeing to San Marino, and Mazzini to London. In August the Main and the Venice republic surrendered to Austrian control. A piece treaty was also signed by Piedmont, which left them embarrassed. This showed that Austria could not be defeated without foreign help. In conclusion the failure of the revolutions was due to the interventions of foreign powers, because without Austria none of the Italian states would have been able to regain control of their governments and take back the power. However it was not due to the intervention of foreign powers, as it would have needed the help of foreign help to overthrow Austria to gain absolute control over Italy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Why did the 1848 revolutions in italy fail?

    Therefore if the Pope was more liberal, either Mazzini or the Pope could have been successful leaders of the revolutions. The nationalists were also divided in their aims; the removal of Austria being the only thing they could agree on.

  2. Why did the Revolutions of 1848 did not lead to a united Germany?

    was overthrown in France it was a cataclysmic event that caused the middle classes to emerge at the forefront of German politics (Frankfurt Parliament). By its name 'Liberalism' it is clear to see what Liberals wanted, they wanted more personal freedom for themselves and the German speaking peoples.

  1. Why Did The Revolutions Of 1820-1831 In The Italian States Fail?

    Some of these groups saw this class as one that would not contribute educated political ideas, so there were few overall that could generally make a difference. The societies were a well-kept secret and because of this, there was limited mainstream input from others to help, in order to maintain concealment of their activity.

  2. Compare and access the main reasons for the failure of the Italian revolutions due ...

    Another revolt occurred in Sicily; this revolt took place in the other half of Ferdinand's kingdom and was influenced by the Naples revolt. Sicily and Naples had united in 1815. Sicilians felt neglected, they believed Ferdinand had met the demands of people in Naples but that he had forgotten about Sicily.

  1. The Battle of the Denmark Strait and the Failure of Operation Rheinbung

    leaving behind their destroyer screening escort as they headed towards the German ship. Holland's tactical plan was to set the bows of the two battleship slightly ahead of the German ships, so that eventually they would intercept them directly - Tovey did not want to chase the Bismarck, nor did he want to fight it head on.

  2. Hitler and the Secret Societies.

    Practices were described therein that involved the repetition of syllables, gestures, and steps, whose goal was the initiatic transformation of man, such as alchemy had also aimed at. It is unclear what Turkish masonic organization Sebottendorf was in contact with, and also whether he himself practiced the things in question, or merely described them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work