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How far was the Feburary Revolution of 1917 due to the mistakes made by Nicholas 2nd

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Introduction

´╗┐How far was the Feburary Revolution of 1917 due to the mistakes made by Nicholas 2nd? In the space of a few days in February 1917, Tsarist Russia came to an end. The Romanov family, who had ruled Russia since the seventeenth century, was overthrown and the monarchy was no more. In 1917 there were no signs of revolution, but the Tsar and Tsarina were hugely unpopular in Russia. The outbreak of World War One in 1914 temporarily strengthened the monarchy, with Russia allied to France and Britain against Austria-Hungary and Germany. Russia?s role was to reduce the pressure on the Western Front thus causing Germany and her allies to divert some of its resources to Eastern Europe; it did this by attacking Germany and Austria from the east. In mid-1915 Nicholas made the disastrous decision to take direct command of the Russian armies. From then on, every military failure was directly associated with him. Russian troops were slaughtered in their millions. This meant that he was seen as being an ineffective political and military leader. The Tsarina was left to rule the country in Petrograd. ...read more.

Middle

By 1917, widespread discontent existed in Russia. However, there was no food to buy, agricultural production continued to pose a problem in the 1st World War. Due to the dire state of Russia?s economy, the peasants decided to stockpile grain for their own use. Many people in the cities went hungry. The peasants could not gain a stable price for their produce, so they decided to keep it to themselves. They felt that there was nothing important or desirable being produced for them to buy, so this is why they refused to sell their grain, because the money that would be given to them was worthless and all the industries were devoted to the war, so no worthwhile products were for sale. By 1917, only 10% of the total grain harvested was sold to the markets. Any food that was sold was put onto trains and diverted from the cities to the front line. Moscow needed 2200 railway wagons of grain per month to keep it going; in 1917 it was only receiving 300.Food deliveries to Moscow fell 60% short of what was needed. Petrograd, the capital, received only 48% of its total grain requirements. Inevitably this caused severe grain shortages in the cities. ...read more.

Conclusion

But it was Nicholas who left the pair in charge in Petrograd in the first place as he focused his attention on taking over the post of commander-in-chief of the armed forces. In conclusion, Nicholas 2nd made many catastrophic errors. It is worth taking into account that he inherited his position of Tsar at a time when Russia was in a bad state. He was woefully underprepared and experienced for the job of both head of the Russian Empire and commander-in-chief. There were slight improvements in his reign; the 3rd and 4th Duma?s were a success. But all of the points made in my argument are all a result of a decision made my Nicholas. His actions had many consequences in ways that he didn?t intend. Although, it wasn?t always his actions that caused his downfall, it was what he didn?t do; it was what he didn?t address, such as the decline in living standards and the rise in inflation. He neglected the domestic needs of his empire to play head of the armed forces, something he didn?t do very well. With the millions of casualties he incurred, he lost the support of the army, of whom he relied upon to protect Tsarism. Consequently, 300 years of Romanov rule came to an end as Nicholas abdicated. ...read more.

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