• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far Was the Nazi Invasion Of 1940/41 Halted by the Battle of Britain?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Far Was the Nazi Invasion Of 1940/41 Halted by the Battle of Britain? By Daniel Prosser In 1940 Britain faced a terrifying prospect, Nazi occupation. Operation Yellow had proved a giant success for Hitler, he had almost total control of Europe. Only one enemy remained for the Axis powers, The United Kingdom. Many times has the story been told of how our heroic RAF fought fantastic odds to save our way of life and eventually the entire world's future. Recently however a controversy has arose over the validity of this story. Did Hitler really call off the invasion due to the battle or were other factors at play? To understand this argument we first need to understand the background history. It's a well known fact that after Hitler had control over France he began to turn ever further west. The orders were given to drill the men on landing procedure, plans were drawn up and the craft were made ready. But how much of these moves were bluff and how much was a real threat? On 16th July 1940 Adolf Hitler issued directive 16 that read "As England in spite of the hopelessness of her military position, has so far shown herself unwilling to come to any compromise, I have decided to begin to prepare for and if necessary to carry out, an invasion of England." ...read more.

Middle

A fact that is often overlooked is that for most of the war Germany did not posses enough ships to carry an invasion force, it was said that "the transport required for the forces specified by the general staff amounts to about 400 medium-sized steamers, with in addition a large collection of auxiliary vessels of the most varied nature, some of which must first be constructed" (and that was only for the first wave.) To even come close to such a number all other shipping activities would have to stop for the invasion, meaning that Germany would stop functioning. The Nazis also considered a large airborne invasion, but the Luftwaffe concluded on 30th December 1939 "the airborne landing planned will run into the strongest point of the enemy air defence which it will be impossible to eliminate. The planned operation can only be considered under conditions of absolute air superiority, and even then if surprise is endured" "A landing in England must be rejected". This is hardly the voice of a confident and ready force. Obviously angered by his situation Hitler issued directive 17 on 1st August 1940 that said "I have decided to carry on and intensify air and naval warfare against England in order to bring about her final defeat. The German air force with all available forces will destroy the English air force as soon as possible." ...read more.

Conclusion

It seems a little bit of a stretch to claim that the battle was the sole factor in the stopping of the invasion. It is conceivable that it was still in planning and may still be brought into use until, at the latest February 1941. With all the information collected I feel I can draw a reasonable conclusion. With so many quotes from Hitler claiming his admiration of England and his objection to the invasion of Britain I believe that Hitler was looking for other methods of conquest. He was certainly given many other reasons why invasion should be avoided, such as weather, danger, lack of materials, the high risk and political ramifications. Although his motives for invading Russia can be drawn into question, the fact that it seemed more of a priority to him can not. Operation Barbarossa may have been undertaken as a last effort to scare Britain into surrender or as a way to expand German territories futher, but either way it seems to me that its failure was the decisive factor in Britain's survival. The fact that the Battle of Britain was still underway while the planning of operation Barbarossa had begun seems to destroy the much beloved image of the fighting RAF being the sole saviours of Britain, in fact it would be more sensible to thank the greed, bad planning and egotism of the Nazi infrastructure. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    war damages, and to embark upon a policy of reeducating the Germans along the political lines deemed appropriate by the occupying powers. Denazification proceeded by fits and starts between 1945 and 1950. It was clouded over by conflicting ideological aims; the Soviets, who had occupied most of eastern Germany, saw

  2. The Battle of the Denmark Strait and the Failure of Operation Rheinbung

    Travelling northwest at 24 knots, they were sighted by the British 8in cruiserSuffolk, and engaged her and her companion Norfolk, but Bismarck scored no hits and escaped into a snowstorm with Eugen, her intent to proceed into the North Atlantic in the most stealthy fashion possible.

  1. To what extent was the defeat of the Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain ...

    Although German aircraft had suffered more losses than the RAF, the strength and size of the Luftwaffe was greater before the Battle, with German aircraft outnumbering the British one to two.

  2. The battle of Britain was an important turning point in the second world war ...

    it said that Poland was to be rewarded with land from Germany and Russia. Of course Germany did not agree with this but at the time had to go along with it. As Germany wasn't a country that would sit back and let things happen something was bound to happen

  1. How had Hitler been successful in his war campaign up until the Battle of ...

    Rather than rush straight to Warsaw and topple the government, Germany's forces moved relatively slowly, focusing much of their energy on targets that were neither military nor political in nature.

  2. The Battle Of Britain

    The government realised that if too many people died they would have severe trouble in the future with a shortage in the workforce and it would face the blame. London was bombed on 75 out of 76 nights. People built Anderson shelters in their garden or took refuge down the tube stations.

  1. The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler.

    Hitler would think it was good the way the last presidential election was rigged. He would have done the same thing, because he did not believe in democracy. Hitler was a dictator who did not let others vote against him or voice their opinion, so he would think it was strength whenever that happened in the United States.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    In other words bombers, fighters and transports were secretly being constructed. By the end of 1934, news started to leak out of Germany's military situation which had become so vast that it was now impossible to conceal. It was expected that both France and Britain would take some form of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work