• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was the United States an Imperialist power by 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Joel Pearce How far was the United States an Imperialist power by 1914? By 1914, the United States was considerably an Imperialist power. Despite attempts by those such as Cleveland and Wilson to prevent a focus on colonialism, interventionism continued through every president, from McKinley?s annexing of Hawaii to Roosevelt?s actions surrounding the Panama Canal. Throughout the period, all foreign policy seemed to follow the interventionist approach of the Monroe doctrine in the Western Hemisphere. No matter how political ideas seemed to change, there was the consistent outcome of intervening to get the best deal for America and extending their power. One point which illustrates this imperialism was their readiness to resort to war. For example, during the Spanish American war of 1898, 17,000 troops were sent to Cuba; this was supported by major newspapers including the New York Journal and the World who influenced public opinion in favour of intervention. This demonstrates that the US had no fear of intervening in other country?s affairs and saw militarism as the best approach to gaining more power. Whilst the sinking of the USS Maine killed US sailors, little had been done to directly threaten the country. ...read more.

Middle

The sending of the USS Nashville to prevent Columbian interference showed Roosevelt?s lack of inhibition around the military. By seeing the area around the Panama Canal as rightfully theirs, the US showed immense arrogance and greed. As with the Spanish American war, there was no threat to their country, but the American government used the excuse of spreading democracy and freedom to assist themselves. Having control of such an important route was important for the US as this gave them influence over European trade. Therefore, these actions could be seen as building America?s position as a world power and increasing the dominance on their sphere of influence. This is linked to William Howard Taft?s ideas of ?Dollar Diplomacy? as this was also connecting foreign policy with trade and investment Another example of American imperialism during this period were Taft?s ideas about using economic influence to expand the power of the US as an imperialist nation. As is demonstrated by the fact that American banks took over financial control of places such as Honduras, Haiti and Nicaragua, Taft thought expanding to new markets was essential. Whilst at first this wasn?t militaristic imperialism, it was the same idea of America extending their control over smaller countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

This supported his famous idea that in diplomacy you should ?speak softly but carry a big stick?; whilst he was willing to use force, he still believed that peaceful solutions with greater self-determination were the better option. Winning the Nobel Peace Prize also demonstrates that, on the international stage, America were not judged as an imperialistic power. Instead US leaders were being recognised as having a positive influence on the world. Despite Roosevelt's aggressive ideas in some areas of foreign policy, at times like this he seemed to echo the progressivism he showed in domestic politics. Overall it is clear that the United States was considerably an imperialist power by 1914. Whilst presidents had different ideologies, the outcome of their actions were very often imperialistic. The few occasions where imperialism wasn?t initially shown, such as in Hawaii and with Wilson?s moral diplomacy, in the end America resorted to defending their empire. The continued use of the military to maintain power also demonstrates that the ambition for control outweighed the ideology on which presidents were elected. Even though the Democrats tried to display themselves as focussed on the rights to self-determination, Democratic presidents showed as much foreign intervention as their Republican counter parts. To conclude, by 1914 the United States had demonstrated that they had ambitions for an empire and were not afraid to use any means to achieve it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. To what extent was Hitler's foreign policy consistent and planned?

    World Disarmament Conference to allow rearmament and Germany to act as a free agent, Hitler made a surprising move in signing a non-aggressive pact with Poland in the following year. Again Hitler ignored advice from his ministers and Nazi activists who claimed he was abandoning Germany's territorial claims over the Polish Corridor and Danzig.

  2. To What extent had the New Deal been successful in overcoming the Depression in ...

    Roosevelt adopted a mixture of Keynesian economic theories (broadly described as increased government spending) with government intervention in price and wage control. Initially, these fiscal and monetary policies, along the lines of a balanced budget, worked well until 1937-1938 (Roosevelt's Recession).

  1. The Effects of European Imperialism on the Current Day Democratic Republic of the Congo

    After becoming King he lobbied to the parliament to allow himself to send expeditions to Africa in search of new lands. Eventually, King Leopold claimed 2.3 million square miles of the southern Congo as his own, known as The Congo Free State.

  2. Eleanor Roosevelt.

    and benefit scale should not be set lower for Negroes but she was denied that policy. All she could hope for was that New Deal programs would spill over and that blacks would get some appreciable share of the benefits. Mrs. Roosevelt battled on, asking the Secretary of the U.S.

  1. How successful was Roosevelt in delivering relief, recovery and reform during the New Deal?

    Conclusions The American economy simply could not recover from these successive onslaughts by first the Republican and then the Democratic administrations [9]. Having said this, Roosevelt?s overall performance during the Depression presented him as a pragmatic politician: he relied on support from the left of the political spectrum in society

  2. How important was President Roosevelt to the development of America imperialism in the years ...

    capital in foreign countries. Taft recognised the potential influence the economy could have and bought the debts from countries in an endeavour to establish control over Honduras.

  1. A contented, successful and united nation. How far is this an accurate comment on ...

    All this suggests that America was a very successful nation during the antebellum period. In the South merely 10% of the population lived in towns by 1850 compared with 26% of Northern Americans; there was an abundant supply of cheap land which helped increase the cotton trade and allowing the food production to increase fourfold between 1840 and 1860.

  2. Religion in the West -The United Brethren Missionary Train to Oregon

    ?Can you read any?? ? No, Sir, I never learnt to read.? ?Does you master let you go to meeting?? ?Yes, Sir, sometimes.? ?Well, Mary, be a good girl, and although you have a hard time in this world, you will get to a better world by and by.? Tears flowed freely down her dark cheek.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work