• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far was the United States an Imperialist power by 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Joel Pearce How far was the United States an Imperialist power by 1914? By 1914, the United States was considerably an Imperialist power. Despite attempts by those such as Cleveland and Wilson to prevent a focus on colonialism, interventionism continued through every president, from McKinley?s annexing of Hawaii to Roosevelt?s actions surrounding the Panama Canal. Throughout the period, all foreign policy seemed to follow the interventionist approach of the Monroe doctrine in the Western Hemisphere. No matter how political ideas seemed to change, there was the consistent outcome of intervening to get the best deal for America and extending their power. One point which illustrates this imperialism was their readiness to resort to war. For example, during the Spanish American war of 1898, 17,000 troops were sent to Cuba; this was supported by major newspapers including the New York Journal and the World who influenced public opinion in favour of intervention. This demonstrates that the US had no fear of intervening in other country?s affairs and saw militarism as the best approach to gaining more power. Whilst the sinking of the USS Maine killed US sailors, little had been done to directly threaten the country. ...read more.

Middle

The sending of the USS Nashville to prevent Columbian interference showed Roosevelt?s lack of inhibition around the military. By seeing the area around the Panama Canal as rightfully theirs, the US showed immense arrogance and greed. As with the Spanish American war, there was no threat to their country, but the American government used the excuse of spreading democracy and freedom to assist themselves. Having control of such an important route was important for the US as this gave them influence over European trade. Therefore, these actions could be seen as building America?s position as a world power and increasing the dominance on their sphere of influence. This is linked to William Howard Taft?s ideas of ?Dollar Diplomacy? as this was also connecting foreign policy with trade and investment Another example of American imperialism during this period were Taft?s ideas about using economic influence to expand the power of the US as an imperialist nation. As is demonstrated by the fact that American banks took over financial control of places such as Honduras, Haiti and Nicaragua, Taft thought expanding to new markets was essential. Whilst at first this wasn?t militaristic imperialism, it was the same idea of America extending their control over smaller countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

This supported his famous idea that in diplomacy you should ?speak softly but carry a big stick?; whilst he was willing to use force, he still believed that peaceful solutions with greater self-determination were the better option. Winning the Nobel Peace Prize also demonstrates that, on the international stage, America were not judged as an imperialistic power. Instead US leaders were being recognised as having a positive influence on the world. Despite Roosevelt's aggressive ideas in some areas of foreign policy, at times like this he seemed to echo the progressivism he showed in domestic politics. Overall it is clear that the United States was considerably an imperialist power by 1914. Whilst presidents had different ideologies, the outcome of their actions were very often imperialistic. The few occasions where imperialism wasn?t initially shown, such as in Hawaii and with Wilson?s moral diplomacy, in the end America resorted to defending their empire. The continued use of the military to maintain power also demonstrates that the ambition for control outweighed the ideology on which presidents were elected. Even though the Democrats tried to display themselves as focussed on the rights to self-determination, Democratic presidents showed as much foreign intervention as their Republican counter parts. To conclude, by 1914 the United States had demonstrated that they had ambitions for an empire and were not afraid to use any means to achieve it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. a) "How far do these sources support the view expressed in source one that, ...

    during the years 1069-70. William had marched north with seasoned troops, devastating the countryside as they went, and slaughtering all the adult males. What his troops conflicted on the people was so terrible that chroniclers remembered it over fifty years later.

  2. The Effects of European Imperialism on the Current Day Democratic Republic of the Congo

    After becoming King he lobbied to the parliament to allow himself to send expeditions to Africa in search of new lands. Eventually, King Leopold claimed 2.3 million square miles of the southern Congo as his own, known as The Congo Free State.

  1. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    These dams also produced cheap electricity; which reached thousands of families; by 1945 75% of families in the Tennessee Valley had electricity, where as before it was only 2% of families. The dams also played a role in creating more employment and getting the industry going again because realising that

  2. Eleanor Roosevelt.

    Eleanor not only tried to get government assistance for the blacks but she also identified herself with their problem. She helped the Negroes get to the head of many New Deal agencies and for the first time since the days of Woodrow Wilson a small but noticeable number of blacks maintained mid-level government jobs.

  1. Franklin D. Roosevelt

    schemers and politicians alike emerged with economic panaceas that drew wide audiences of those dissatisfied with the pace of recovery. They included Francis E. Townsend's plan for generous old-age pensions; the inflationary suggestions of Father Coughlin, the radio priest who blamed international bankers in speeches increasingly peppered with anti-Semitic imagery;

  2. America's Reconstruction as Revolution

    Racial intermarriage could bring a lifetime prison sentence. At the same time, southern white supremacists terrorized a large portion of the black population. In 1865, President Johnson sent Union Army general Carl Schurz south to investigate the conditions of the area. Schurz reported back that violence against blacks was nearly ubiquitous.

  1. To What extent had the New Deal been successful in overcoming the Depression in ...

    and by the eighth day of Roosevelt's presidency, he had convinced the people that financial issues were being handled well. This resulted in people continuing to deposit their money in banks again and ceased any further run on the bank.

  2. How successful was Roosevelt in delivering relief, recovery and reform during the New Deal?

    effort in overcoming the Depression but did not bring real results either in relieving or recovering the country. There were other attempts to create additional employment for Americans. For example, the Civilian Conservation Corps, which employed young men (aged 17-24)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work