• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far were divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of the Tsarist regime?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐How far were divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of the Tsarist regime in the years 1881-1905 The divisions between the opponents of the Tsarist regime were a key factor in its survival, but other important factors should be considered such as the Tsars dispensations for peasants and the mass oppression of the Russian people. There were three main opposition groups in Russia at the time: the liberals, socialist revolutionaries and social democrats, each with very different political agendas. The main liberal parties ? the Kadets, Octoberists and Progressive Bloc ? wanted democracy, freedom of speech, parliament, free elections and to embrace western values. Their methods were mainly non-violent and political; they did not want a mass revolution. The Socialist Revolutionaries, on the other hand, hoped that capitalism would promote the growth of the proletariat who would revolt against their masters. Their support was mainly from the proletariat. Their methods were mainly agitation and terrorism. ...read more.


It was a huge success and had a branch in every Russian province by 1891. This satisfied the peasants as they were then better able to support themselves and their communities, making them less likely to revolt. A later finance minister Sergei Witte aimed to increase industrialization boosting the Russian economy and creating more jobs and wealth for the people. The population of St Petersburg and Moscow increased by over 100% and nearly 50% of workers worked in factories with over 1000 employees. There was a huge increase in coal, oil, iron and cereal industries and an improvement in infrastructure. This boosted the Russian economy and created more wealth for much of the nation. This briefly satisfied many of the middle class and wealthier working classes as they were directly benefitting from increased industrialization. The Tsar?s repression also contributed to the survival of his regime since it limited any revolutionary group?s ability to mobilize the people. ...read more.


The Tsar?s repression prevented radical ideas from spreading by quickly disposing of revolutionary individuals, limiting the powers of the peasant councils to cull and signs of democracy in Russia and limiting education to those most likely to support the regime, the upper classes. The divisions among the Tsar?s opponents were a key reason for the survival of the Tsarist regime, but were not entirely responsible. If all opposition groups had been allowed to meet and openly gain support then middle ground could have been found or a most popular route for the people chosen. However, this was made impossible by the Tsar?s strict censorship on all opposition and press, preventing any ideas from spreading at all. His concessions were also a key, but minor, factor since they satisfied certain groups and prevented them from becoming aggressive too quickly. Overall, it is fair to say that the oppositions between opponents were only partially responsible for the survival of the regime, the Tsar?s oppressions being the most important factor in the long term. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Higher education: Numbers of students did decrease from 113,000 in 1933 to 57,000 in 1939. This reflected the downgrading of academic education. The numbers increased after this because women began going to school. The government did not interfere very much in the universities.

  2. Britain's Survival 1940-1943

    say- "this was the finest hour" Churchill had a good relationship with President Roosevelt and by having this he managed to secure the military aid and moral support from the U.S.A. He also formed a good relationship with other leaders of the Grand Alliance as well as gaining the confidence of the British people.

  1. Assess the View that Nicholas II survived the Revolution of 1905 mainly because of ...

    The opponents to the Tsar politically were of course the Left-Wing Party of Socialist-Revolutionaries (SR?s) and at that time before the split the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (A combination of the Mensheviks & Bolsheviks) even the Kadets wanted a more democratic society.

  2. "The Wannsee Conference was entirely responsible for the Holocaust" How valid is this assessment ...

    At the Eichmann[14] war crimes trial in Jerusalem, Eichmann testified that ?during the conversation, the minced no words about it at all. They spoke about methods of killing, about liquidation, about extermination.? The meeting simply concreted ideas and bound those in authority together rather than formally deciding upon anything new,

  1. The survival of the tsars regime in Russia between 1906 and 1914 was due ...

    This highlighted the weakness of the opposition and allowed the tsar to assert his power and arrest and bar the deputies from re-election. The Liberal cause discredited itself, meaning the tsar came out of the incident stronger than before. The tsarist regime strengthened its position by weakening that of the opposition.

  2. Why did the 1905 revolution fail to overthrow the Tsarist regime?

    However Nicholas dealt with it well, through the army he broke up the soviets early so they couldn?t plot revolutionary action, once again this reinforces the fact that the army were the most crucial reason for the continuation of the Tsarist Regime.

  1. How far were the divisions among its opponents responsible for the survival of Tsarist ...

    They believed Marxism was the way to go but the party itself was spilt over the role of the party itself. The Bolsheviks thought the party should be made up of a small group of highly disciplined professional revolutionaries. Meanwhile the Mensheviks wanted a broad base and accepted all who joined.

  2. Why did opposition to the Tsarist regime increase between 1881-1904? ...

    An increase in the production of coal in the Ukraine and oil in the Caucasus promoted massive economic growth. Iron, chemical, engineering, petroleum and steel industries were established within ten years. Although this benefited the Russian economy the growth in industrial workforce concentrated in urban areas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work