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How far were long term causes more important than short term causes in the fall of the Bourbons in 1830?

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Introduction

History essay: How far were long term causes more important than short term causes in the fall of the Bourbons in 1830? The fall of the Bourbons in 1830 can be attributed to both long term and short term causes, when looking for the main cause of the fall of the Bourbons we need to examine evidence for both long term and short term causes. Long term causes are factors from 1789 to 1828 and short term factors are from 1829 to July 1830. The long term causes of the fall of the Bourbons are as follows: the inherited instability throughout France, the second Ultra backlash, Charles' policies, the working classes affinity with the Pay legal, the tradition of revolution. The short term causes of the fall of the Bourbons were: the appointment of Polignac, the speech from the throne, the four ordinances, the economic depression, the discontent of the working class, the regime's lack of power, Charles' delay in sacking Polignac and revoking the four ordinances and the Pays legal's fear of becoming a republic. It can be seen that long term factors were a key part in the fall of the Bourbons as it was these causes which provided the foundation which lead to the fall of the Bourbons. The first long term cause which leads to the fall of the Bourbons was the inherited instability throughout France. ...read more.

Middle

The main event which was looked back on by the generation of 1830 would have been when the working class revolted and stormed the Bastille in 1789. This led to the fall of the Bourbons because it encouraged the working classes and gave them the confidence to revolt again because they had been set a revolutionary example by their predecessors. This was a minor factor which led to the fall of the Bourbons because it merely encouraged the working class to revolt instead of directly causing them to revolt. The final long term cause which led to the fall of the Bourbons in 1830 was the disbanding of the National Guard by Charles in 1827. This was when Charles disbanded the lower middle class National Guard because when he reviewed it he believed it acted in a disrespectful manner. This led to the fall of the Bourbons in 1830 because it meant that Charles would not have any means of putting down a revolution in the future because the National Guard was the force which the regime used within Paris. These long term causes of revolution primarily meant that by 1828 Charles had alienated the pays legal by showing himself as oppressive and trying to restore the ancien regime however although there was a great amount of opposition at this point in time there were very few who were actually willing to revolt. ...read more.

Conclusion

These points were a major cause in the fall of the Bourbons as it led to pushing the pays legal to a point where they had no choice but to overthrow Charles because they themselves feared a republic and so in order to save the constitutional monarchy they had to remove Charles from the throne. In conclusion having examined all the evidence for the long term and short term causes of the fall of the Bourbons in 1830 it is clear that although the short term causes were dependant on the long term causes they were the more important reasons for the fall of the Bourbons. This is because although Charles had a large amount of opposition up to 1828 there were few who were actually revolutionary and it was not till 1829 when the working class became revolutionary. The overall main cause which led to the fall of the Bourbons was the fact that Charles did not revoke the four ordinances and sack Polignac this was the main cause because it led the pays legal having to overthrow Charles in order to retain a constitutional monarchy. This helps to show that the short term causes were more important when looking at the fall of the Bourbons as this was the very last action before Charles and the last Bourbon was overthrown and had Charles revoked the four ordinances immediately it is likely that the Bourbons would have retained the thrown. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel Moore (j) 11/09/2008 ...read more.

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