• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How imperialism, nationalism and militarism contributed to the outbreak of World War One.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Robert Struk How imperialism, nationalism and militarism contributed to the outbreak of World War One The main causes of World War I were nationalism that spread throughout Europe in the 19th and into the 20th century, the economic and political rivalry among other nations, and the establishment in Europe after 1871 of large armaments and of two hostile military alliances. A factor, which contributed to the increase in rivalry in Europe, was imperialism. European nations ruled smaller countries, which were called colonies. Imperialism is the tendency of rich and powerful nations to seek to extend their rule by invading or annexing territory controlled by another country. Collecting and gathering colonies became known as imperialism. Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution took place in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, then in France in the early 19th century, and then later in Germany after 1870, which caused a great increase in the manufactures of each country and a need for foreign markets. ...read more.

Middle

The building of the Trans-Siberian railway was part of Russia's expansion into Asia. France had always been the dominant power in Europe. In 1870, France was defeated by Germany. From 1871 onwards, France's greatest ambition was to recover Alsace and Lorraine from Germany and also wanted to prevent another defeat by Germany. In 1870 Britain was the most industrially advanced country in Europe and possessed the largest overseas empire and the largest navy in the world. Britain was able to maintain a strong financial position in the world because of her capital and wealth from her own and overseas enterprises. As the powers dominated each other in Europe, their rivalries can be regarded as one of the causes of the First World War. Militarism was another cause of the war and it was similar to the arms race today. Militarism is the build up of military resources with the aim of using military action to achieve national goals. ...read more.

Conclusion

It caused Austria to threaten the Serbs, who were supported by Russia. Germany supporting Austria, declared war on Russia. France and Britain then joined in on Russia's side. Italy began as an ally of Germany but changed sides in 1915. A number of other smaller countries were also involved. The build up of armies and naval ships made the countries ready for war. People's patriotism and nationalism would not allow them to be dominated or threatened by another imperial country. Troops went off to fight in high spirits. Those who were not killed returned in a different mood. The number of casualties of the First World War was horrific. World War one resulted from the division of Europe into a system of alliances. They intended to build up strength for defence against the rising power of Germany. There was so much competition and rivalry that it brought tension to the political situation in Europe. The rising nationalism, the quickening pace of industrialisation and the build up of military forces were all factors, which contributed to the outbreak of World War 1. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    Britain replied with air-raids by Vickers Vimy bombers, * In the first dogfights between fighters, the pilots fired at each other with pistols, but proper aerial combat began in 1915. The pilots operated two machine guns mounted on the upper wing of their bi-planes, by pulling a lever.

  2. American Society today is a rich, powerful and highly populated

    growth of communism, attempts to overthrow the government and attacks on prominent Americans such as John Rockefeller. Higham argues "never before had anti radical nativism stirred the public mind so profoundly". This all led to a crisis in 1919 called the "Red Scare" that saw the arrest of 6,000 people.

  1. Who is to be blamed for the outbreak of the First World War?

    The French had a feeling of humiliation by Germany in Franko-Prussian War and hoped to win back Alsace-Lorraine, realizing that this would not be possible without a major war, but except for their strong desire of being assured by British government that Great Britain would not stand by in case

  2. Many peoples have contributed to the development of the United States of America, a ...

    Commonwealth, and the Protectorate, ended with the restoration of the Stuarts in the person of Charles II. An amazing period ensued, during which colonies were founded and other acquisitions were made. In 1663, Carolina was chartered; settlement began in 1670, and from the start the colony flourished.

  1. From rebellion through rivalries to reformation

    Both The National Front and The Nationalist Movement began to promote Skinheads, with the youthful and militant momentum which had become the fastest-growing social-reform phenomena in recent memory. However, two strategies emerged, thereafter. One, by Tom Metzger in California, urged Skinheads to become vigilantes and neo-Nazis.

  2. Total War, Britain during the Second World War

    The purpose of this article was clear. The government was desperate to maintain the morale of the British people in the face of the effects of mass bombing. However, the truth was often very different. In fact there are many examples of people being very near to total despair in the winter of 1941.

  1. American History.

    - Washington first tried to stay out it all, but ended up staying for another term in 1792 in the hope of promoting unity. But it got more complicated when issues in foreign affairs further divided the two camps. *The French Revolution and Foreign Affairs* - In 1789 most Americans

  2. "How militarism, nationalism and imperialism contribituted to the outbreak of World War One."

    The existence of secret plans motivated intelligence, which in turn aroused greater hatred and fear. The German emperor Wilhelm II had a dream of being an imperial ruler. He set his sights on having an Empire to match that of the British.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work