• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was Bismarck in the formation of the modern German state? Bismarck is the subject of much debate amongst historians, who question his importance in

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Michaeljohn Kalakoutis I.B History HL Mr Hengstler 02/02/06 How important was Bismarck in the formation of the modern German state? Bismarck is the subject of much debate amongst historians, who question his importance in the formation of the modern German state. The answer to this question comes in many forms, as, for example, some historians argue that Bismarck's role in the formation of the modern German state was one of action, whilst other historians argue that there was a great deal of hesitancy leading up to Bismarck's actions. Surely though, one can argue that Bismarck's role, whether hesitant or not was integral to the formation of the modern German state, to the extent that he was responsible for much of Prussia's dominance in Germany at the expense of Austria, which in effect, formed the modern German state. ...read more.

Middle

Also, Bismarck saw to it that the military was strengthened and well trained, which was to play a substantial part in Prussia's future dominance in Germany, at the expense of Austria. Bismarck's introduction to the Prussian government was to have great results for Prussia. Bismarck waged war on Austria in 1866, after gathering political allies. The resulting war lasted only seven weeks and Austria was defeated. Prussia had mobilised quickly, had superior weaponry and good railways with which to rush troops to the frontier. Prussia's alliance with Italy forced Austria to fight on two fronts. Austria, on the other hand, had been completely isolated and could look nowhere for support. As a result of the war, the Treaty of Prague was signed with Austria in August 1866, and Bismarck was extremely lenient in his terms. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bismarck's motive for waging war on France was to subdue France so that she would not have any incentive to claim land gained by Prussia. Thus, Bismarck played a vital part in asserting Prussian dominance in Germany, at the expense of Austria as well as Prussia's allies. Without the participation of Bismarck, Prussia would not have been strengthened both economically and militarily to the extent that she could defeat Austria and claim her position as the dominant of the two largest German states. Also, Bismarck gathered allies in his campaign against Austria which ultimately led to a Prussian victory and the formation of the modern German state. Due to the Franco-Prussian war, Bismarck's cancellation of his ally-relationship with France, albeit unethical, was completely necessary in order to strengthen Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. To what extent was Bismarck responsible for German unification?

    Bismarck believed that Germany should be united under Prussian leadership and that Austria should have nothing to do with Germany. Bismarck was chosen as chancellor by the Prussian king as he had a proven record as a monarchist and had little time for liberal and excessive parliamentary ideas.

  2. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? A Historiographical Debate.

    shot with the appropriate camera angles, music, moving the cameras as well as the action, experimenting with different film stocks and having a balance between short takes and long sequences which became her trademarks and made her films so unique and special.

  1. Hitlers Germany

    All parties, except Quisling's Nasjonal Samling, were abolished and for five years Norway passed into the darkness of "totalitarianism." The British government had suffered a grievous loss of prestige and Chamberlain was forced to resign. On May 10 Winston Churchill formed a National government.

  2. Soviet State

    * In the short run the Urals Siberian method was a success. By the spring of 1928, grain procurements were satisfactory. By the summer, it was clear that squeezing the peasants would lead them to cut down the amounts they sowed and diminish the grain surpluses.

  1. Show how Bismarck negotiated the Triple Alliance in 1882. What were the purpose ...

    France), the other was to observe a benevolent neutrality. How was Italy drawn into the alliance? She was driven in by her ambition in the Mediterranean and her colonial policy, and in the hope that she would be able to round off her process of unification by obtaining "unredeemed Italy" ("Italia irredenta")

  2. The Role of Bismarck in the German Confederation

    Prussia's personal economic strength was the Ruhr area, which they had gained after the Vienna Congress, providing them with vital material for further development. Economic strength was a key to political strength as well. British economist Keynes considered that "the long period of economic and industrial preparation, must be taken

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work