• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Important was German Opposition to the Nazis?

Extracts from this document...


?Opposition to the Nazi regime made very little impact on the German people as a whole between 1933?1939? Explain why you agree or disagree with this view There were several different opposition groups within the period up to the war within Nazi Germany, in this question I am going to assess whether or not the different opposition groups made any impact within the German population at time. However, this question is difficult to answer; there were no opinion polls meaning the people?s attitudes were never truly represented, so we cannot get an accurate picture of the population?s actual feelings. Also reports from Sopade or Gestapo cannot be seen as completely valid as they would be biased and would not provide a true insight. For opposition to have a real impact on the people, it needs to be active ? meaning that you openly go out of your way to oppose Hitler and not just non-conformity. Not all non-conformist behaviour can be interpreted as opposition. The term ?loyal reluctance? means that you support the regime as a whole, but there is one certain issue that you didn?t agree with. This was the case within many groups within Germany. ...read more.


The response of many young people was to drop out these activies. There was a growing rate of absenteeism within the youth in the late 1930?s. Those who did attend sometimes demonstrated their independence by humming songs that had been banned by the regime and by misbehaving. This behaviour can be seen as just ?teenage rebelliousness?. This nonconformist behaviour amounted to little more than normal teenage behaviour but under the Nazis any assertion of independence was considered to be a threat. The youth were not openly opposing Hitler and the regime; they were just behaving like teenagers do. Again, they were loyally reluctant; this did not mean that they weren?t going to grow up into good, strong proud Nazis. So it can be argued that the youth resistance was not really opposition, just non-conformist behaviour and thus made little impact on the German people at all. The protestant supported Nazi ideas as they were nationalist themselves, they were both anti-semeitic and anti-communist, two of the Nazi polices. However, not all Protestants were willing to support developments in the church. The establishment of the pastor?s emergency league in 1933 and its development into the Confessional church in 1934 by themselves were acts of resistance ? they were led by pastors who weren?t members of the Nazi party, thus going against the regime. ...read more.


The churches did not provide a massive challenge to the regime; Protestants supported the Nazis anyway because of there nationalist ideas. So they did not cause much of a problem. The Catholic Church just wanted to be allowed to carry on practicing religion without interference from the Nazis, and thus they would stay out of affairs to do with politics. They were not serious opposition against Hitler and the Nazis. However, it is worth noting that there was a growing number of absenteeism from the workers and the youth. Although this was severely clamped down on. The biggest challenge was proposed by the JW?s, they openly opposed Hitler and did not conform with any of the rules as they swore their oath to Jehovah and Hitler, however they were a small group and were easily picked off with no problem and thus caused very limited impact on the German people as a whole. The same can be said to all the other opposition groups and loyal reluctance was a common theme throughout a lot of the opposition groups excluding the Jehovah?s witnesses. Overall, opposition provided little impact to the regime and had little impact on the German people, as the Nazi regime could easily crush these groups before any real opposition was mounted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Describe the main forms of opposition to the Nazi regime, 1933 - 1939/Why did ...

    They had also miscalculated the strength of the Nazis, which meant before and after the Nazi takeover, they fought a bitter ideological battle against the socialists, instead of concentrating their efforts on the Nazis. This was due to Stalin suggesting the German communists adopted a 'wait-and-see' attitude towards the regime, not realising its true strength.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    everything on Hitler, for with Hitler dead and unable to speak for himself, they could claim ignorance or innocence or both. Almost to a man, the Nazi leaders also claimed that they were ignorant of what went on beyond their own spheres of competence.

  1. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    - Reichstag Fire, February 1933: a new Reichstag election was going to be held for early March 1933. A few days before the elections, a fire set by a communist named Van der Lubbe destroyed the Reichstag. Hitler used this as an excuse to arrest other Communists.

  2. To What Extent was Self-Preservation the Prime Motive of the Catholic Church's subservience to ...

    Thus there is a possibility that his article is not as qualified as that of a later historian who would have had access to the Vatican Archives. Later historian Beth Greich-Polelle puts forward another argument; she believes it was previous experiences with a nationalist Germany that rationalises the actions the Church undertook.

  1. Nietzsche and the Nazis.

    His books were not widely read or considered by publishers. However, after becoming insane by the end of the 1890s, his fame immediately spread around Europe and he became a figure of considerable importance in German history. Macintyre states in his book "The Forgotten Fatherland" (as cited in Canada, 1997)


    the twenty-eight provincial Protestant churches or Landeskirchen were centralised into a single Reich Church, which was brought into the central administration and placed under Hans Kerrl as Minister of Church Affairs in 1935. The second instance was the Catholic protest against the government order to replace crucifixes by portraits of Hitler in Catholic schools.

  1. In the years 1933 " 1945 the German Churches supported and collaborated with the ...

    However the Churches were more concerned with protecting heir own institutions and beliefs than in speaking out about the nature of the regime. There were, however, several critical statements from clerics, and in 1937 the Pope issued the encyclical 'With Burning Grief'.

  2. Does Source A adequately explain the reasons for German Surrender at Stalingrad?

    The German army has no more morale. The once proud 6th army, who defeated the whole of France in six weeks, has been stuck at Stalingrad, just one city, for over a year! He goes on to say that if the soldiers do not get what they are promised then the whole of Germany will be lost.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work