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How important was Little Rock as a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement?

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´╗┐One way in which the Little Rock Crisis can be considered a turning point is that some Southern cities like Raleigh and Atlanta learned that resistance to integration harmed business, and so they avoided large scale civil rights disturbances by integrating. Despite only 49 more school districts desegregating in Eisenhower?s last three years in office, compared to 712 in the three years after Brown, this small number of notable desegregations assisted civil rights and the desegregation of education campaign, by beginning the trend and provoking other Southern schools to desegregate too. Another result of the Little Rock Crisis of 1957 which fuelled further desegregation of schools was that the scenes of violence and racism outside Central High School helping to influence moderate white opinion in support of civil rights. ...read more.


Aaron 1958. This new stance aided the desegregation of schools as it was now known that segregation of education was unconstitutional. However the Little Rock Crisis caused huge resistance from local and national authorities towards desegregation. Faubus did what Eisenhower had feared and closed many Southern schools instead of integrating and white parents sent their children to fee paying all white schools, which prevented desegregation, and with desegregation causing so much turmoil any desegregation which did occur happened at a snail?s pace. It was 1972 before all Little Rock schools were integrated. So the resistance and violence which spawned from the Little Rock Crisis slowed desegregation, by 1964, only 2-3% of black children were enrolled in desegregated schools. ...read more.


With this Faubus won six terms in office due to his anti-integration policies which were popular amongst whites. Therefore, Faubus? presence in office; due to the effects of the Little Rock Crisis, slowed any desegregation as Faubus influenced segregation in schools: demonstrated through his decision to station National Guardsmen outside Central High on the September 2. Finally, the Little Rock Crisis can be considered a watershed in terms of desegregation in schools as although little progress was made initially; exemplified through the lack of blacks attending desegregated schools (123 out of 7000 black children attended desegregated schools), the Little Rock Crisis showed how segregation could not survive and change was imminent. But also, that to make further gains against Jim Crow would have to fight community by community. ...read more.

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