• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was Little Rock as a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐One way in which the Little Rock Crisis can be considered a turning point is that some Southern cities like Raleigh and Atlanta learned that resistance to integration harmed business, and so they avoided large scale civil rights disturbances by integrating. Despite only 49 more school districts desegregating in Eisenhower?s last three years in office, compared to 712 in the three years after Brown, this small number of notable desegregations assisted civil rights and the desegregation of education campaign, by beginning the trend and provoking other Southern schools to desegregate too. Another result of the Little Rock Crisis of 1957 which fuelled further desegregation of schools was that the scenes of violence and racism outside Central High School helping to influence moderate white opinion in support of civil rights. ...read more.


Aaron 1958. This new stance aided the desegregation of schools as it was now known that segregation of education was unconstitutional. However the Little Rock Crisis caused huge resistance from local and national authorities towards desegregation. Faubus did what Eisenhower had feared and closed many Southern schools instead of integrating and white parents sent their children to fee paying all white schools, which prevented desegregation, and with desegregation causing so much turmoil any desegregation which did occur happened at a snail?s pace. It was 1972 before all Little Rock schools were integrated. So the resistance and violence which spawned from the Little Rock Crisis slowed desegregation, by 1964, only 2-3% of black children were enrolled in desegregated schools. ...read more.


With this Faubus won six terms in office due to his anti-integration policies which were popular amongst whites. Therefore, Faubus? presence in office; due to the effects of the Little Rock Crisis, slowed any desegregation as Faubus influenced segregation in schools: demonstrated through his decision to station National Guardsmen outside Central High on the September 2. Finally, the Little Rock Crisis can be considered a watershed in terms of desegregation in schools as although little progress was made initially; exemplified through the lack of blacks attending desegregated schools (123 out of 7000 black children attended desegregated schools), the Little Rock Crisis showed how segregation could not survive and change was imminent. But also, that to make further gains against Jim Crow would have to fight community by community. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    11 The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an American Civil Rights organisation established in 1957 and most famously fronted by King. It advocated the use of nonviolence and was a major participant in the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. 12 The Freedom Rides of 1961 were organised by CORE and aimed

  2. To what extent was WW2 the most significant turning point for civil rights

    it did mark the dawn of a new age of fighting back against oppression, a tactic that would come to symbolize some the most famous years of the movements history. It really was a textbook "turning point" in the movement's history.

  1. The American Civil War as the Turning Point in the Making of a Nation,

    surplus of land into which the vastly increased population, boosted by millions of immigrants (27.5 million immigrants arrived between 1865 and 1918) could move. In addition, new territory had been acquired since the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. By the end of this period, only Alaska and Hawaii were missing from

  2. In considering the development of the USA in the years 1815-1917, how far can ...

    Nevertheless in some aspects the Civil War can bee seen as a turning point for African Americans as it helped to encourage the American government to place a change for African American in legal terms 'de jure'. But these legal changes yet again did not provide extreme transformation as it did not change the mentality of racist white Americans.

  1. How united was the civil rights movement

    Martin Luther King's SCLC were completely different to those of the Black Power groups, such as the Black Panthers. Like Malcolm X, the Black Panthers believed that economic change was vital, and develop a ten point plan on which their activities were based.

  2. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    Did little to help blacks vote (eg ? any public official indicted for obstructing a black voter to be tried by all-white jury) 1960 Civil Rights Act Impact 1. Made it a federal crime to obstruct court ordered school desegregation 2.

  1. Research on the major Civil rights events between 1963 to 1968

    Only a federal court order got them reinstated. Did Birmingham improve? Stores were desegregated; opportunities for African Americans in jobs ?improved? (though by a little in most case) and a biracial committee was set up to improve Birmingham?s troubled community.

  2. Averting the Apocalypse: The Cuban Missile Crisis

    of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles enlarged to a ratio of seven to one over the Soviet Union. This stockpiling of weapons helped to deter an actual war between the nations, as well as the spread of Communism. Also, in an act to prevent the spread of Communism globally, Kennedy encouraged Third

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work