• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was Stalins Leadership in relation to other factors, in accounting for the soviet victory in the war against Germany?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How important was Stalin's Leadership in relation to other factors, in accounting for the soviet victory in the war against Germany? The great patriotic war was a theatre of war primarily between Russia and the Nazis, although it involved many surrounding countries in Eastern Europe and beyond. This period was notorious for its unprecedented ferocity, destruction, and immense loss of life and was lead under the leadership of Stalin. Yet to what extent was Stalin's efforts and actions the reason for the Soviet victory against the axis powers? Politically, there were many aspects that contributed to the war effort. The Communist Party itself worked at the rear of the forces (350,000 members were transferred to the back lines) and also increased membership to ensure that there was sufficient support for the party. The NKVD played a more significant role in the war, most importantly controlling the USSR population through fear. The NKVD were responsible for the labour camps (gulags) where prisoners of war were sent as well as opposition suspects and deserters from the Russian armies. The group had many other roles, including undercover officers within the red army reporting any deficiencies in moral and any anti-communist attitudes. ...read more.

Middle

An example of this is Kulik who delayed the production of Katyusa rockets and T34 tanks due to a belief that more old fashioned artillery and horsepower were more effective war methods. However, Soviet success was also the result of meticulous planning and military excellence of many other of the Russian leaders, for example Vasilevsky who was responsible for the planning and co-ordination of all decisive offences and Chuikov who commanded in Stalingrad. The man with the most influence militarily however was General Zhukov who oversaw the defence of Leningrad and orchestrated the first breakthrough, commanded in the Battle of Kursk and launched the final attack on Germany, including capturing Berlin. Further than this Zhukov was more fearless than many others of the leaders and stood up for his military ideas. It could be suggested that this was the main reason that Stalin eventually accepted that his tactics needed updating and moved away from his previous military ideas. Had the Red Army continued with these they may never have won the war as the outdated tactics were very unsuccessful. The Stavka ended up being a very effective team, some disagreement with Stalin was tolerated and the result was concrete military decisions that resulted in Soviet success. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin also managed to mobilise and encourage women into the war effort. Women took on roles within factories, farms and other men's positions such as miners and welders. At the beginning of 1940 women made up 41% of labour front and over 800,000 saw active service on the battlefields (ordered after 1942). Another social change that Stalin made during the war were the religious concessions. For example, in 1942 the labour camps were searched for religious men who were then allowed home and in 1943 they Russians elected a new patriarch and synod. These proved very successful and brought him more support as the religious Russians had previously felt oppressed. Stalin as a war leader was always resolute and determined. It is unquestionable that Stalin was courageous, despite German attack he remained with his family in Moscow rather than fleeing to Kuibyshev. Although he did make some mistakes, particularly during the openings of the war, he did manage to amend many of these. The ways in which Stalin helped make the Soviet war success certainly outweigh his hindrances in both number and significance. Without such a powerful, charismatic and talented leader, Russia would have been much more likely to be defeated in the Great Patriotic war. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How important was the war at sea

    as 1914 ended the fighting on the Western Front had reached a stalemate which lasted until 1918. The French army tried to break through the German lines but they were beaten back with heavy losses. The war had become a stalemate because the techniques and the weapons were better suited to defence than to attack.

  2. Why was it Stalin that won the leadership struggle by 1928 in the USSR?

    of the Red Army, he had the power to crush his opposition and his certainty of which way the party should go arose many fears. They also thought that Trotsky was likely to cause divisions in the party, which they feared as they needed the party to stick together in order to transform the population into Socialists.

  1. How did Stalin Change Russia? Which of his Achievements did he truly make and ...

    He was determined to create a massive, powerful, fully communist state. Nothing would get in his way. Stalin, now as head of the Politburo, used his almost absolute power in the 1930s, beginning with the 'Great Purge' of his political and ideological rivals (anyone suspected to be against him), involving

  2. While surfing the channels on TV you might hear a lot of news about ...

    Numerous arrests of the brigades' members followed, severely draining the organization's strength. The IRA. Irish Republican Army (IRA), name adopted by a number of armed groups who have been dedicated to ending British rule in Ireland and have claimed allegiance to an independent Irish republic.

  1. Describe the ways that propaganda was used to mobilise theminds of the nation towards ...

    This meant that resources like steel and fuel as well as food were becoming scarcer. In order to make the people act in a certain way, beneficial to the government in tackling these problems, posters were made. They show ways of how to not waste food and how to make

  2. Describe the ways that propaganda was used to mobilise the minds of the nation ...

    them get the impression that there is a good reason for fighting this war. Other emotions were also played on with the propaganda used. The Ministry of the Interior realised that if people believe they are fighting for a good cause, and if they think they will win, they will work harder.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    of unwashed Genghis Khan with blood dripping from his fingertips" could not believe that he had changed his colors overnight and was now to be viewed as a gentle friend. Many Americans believed that they were saving the Soviet Union with their supplies, without recognizing the extent of Soviet suffering

  2. To what extent can Stalins emergence as leader of Soviet Russia by the end ...

    Because he was in charge of recruiting, appointing and promoting party members, he was able to choose people he knew would be loyal to him for promotions and he was able to remove party members who had opposing views to him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work