• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was technological innovation compared with other factors in producing the allied victory in the Crimean war?

Extracts from this document...


How important was technological innovation compared with other factors in producing the allied victory in the Crimean war? It is no coincidence that the Allied victory in the Crimea coincided with the completion of a railway between the port of Balaclava and the besieged city of Sevastopol. This technological innovation immediately solved the supply problems that had been hindering the Allied armies, and lead to their final victory. More than any previous conflict, the Crimean war was influenced largely by technological innovations. Developments such as the railway, modern rifles and the telegraph, compared to other factors, had the largest influence on the outcome of the war. However, factors such as public opinion, leadership, strategy and the quality of troops also played their role. The Crimean War was reported on by the media back in Britain far more than any previous conflict had been. This was the first time genuine photos of the campaign could be printed in Newspapers, and the first ever War Journalist, W. ...read more.


The Allies then landed forces in Bulgaria, attempting to engage the Russian invading army. However, the Russians retreated back behind their borders. Finally, it was decided to capture Sevastopol, the port from which the Russian navy had sailed to Sinope, in order to "teach the Russians a lesson". This third stage was a sound strategy that worked well. The Allies did not try to capture the Russia capital, despite Jomini's advice, and the capture of Sevastopol lead to the re-opening of negotiations, just as the Allies had wanted. If the Allies had attempted a full-scale invasion of Russia, it would most likely have failed, just as Napoleon did in 1812. Instead, they chose a smaller scale conflict, and restricted themselves to the Crimean peninsula. In this sense, Strategy was a very important factor in the overall victory. But within the Crimea conflict itself, it had little influence over the campaign. The quality of the Allies' troops varied greatly. The Turkish troops were largely untrained and lacked motivation. On the whole they were there because their religion encouraged it. ...read more.


Eventually, the system of supply almost collapsed, and few supplies reached the troops at the front line. This inevitably meant the campaign was less successful, and Sevastopol was unable to be captured. The British military finally brought in a civilian railway firm, who constructed a railway line from the port of Balaclava up to the city. The supply problem was solved, with 300 tonnes of supplies able to be transported every day. Soon after its construction, the Allied army captured Sevastopol. The technological innovation of the railway provided the supplies needed for victory. This shows that technology played the most significant role in the Allied successes. As in all conflicts, the victor was decided by many factors. The outcome of the Crimean War was affected by strategy and quality of troops, and to a lesser extent leadership and the media. But the main influence on the outcome was the technological innovations put to use for the first time. The British infantry's new rifles allowed them to withstand the Russian attacks, and successfully capture Sevastopol, and the newly constructed railway gave them the supplies they needed to do so. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How important was the war at sea

    They would have raids anytime and they wouldn't be expecting it. There are no major battles in the air but air warfare developed so fast that technology was always getting better. The German navy had been using the airships for spotting the enemy's position.

  2. How important was Stalins Leadership in relation to other factors, in accounting for the ...

    Without this economic planning, the Red Army would not have been supplied tanks, guns ammunition and planes in adequate quantities (in fact, by 1943 the Red Army was achieving this). However, yet again the ideas for the planned economy and the move of the factories were announced by Stalin and

  1. Forrest Gump; the Modern Day Fairytale

    As Forrest ages still his appearance becomes disheveled and less intact, than the handsome clean shaven Forrest that we see at the bus stop, the clever use of hair and makeup contributes to this untidy image; as if he hasn't washed for a long time!

  2. How important was technological innovation compared with other factors in producing allied victory in ...

    Due to the weakness of the leadership I would put it fairly low on the list of factors which contributed to the eventual allied victory. The allied battlefield tactics employed in the Crimean war were, surprisingly effective and appropriate, given the weakness of the leadership.

  1. What factors have prompted democratisation in Argentina?

    Galtieri faced problems right from the moment he took power. The military had been split between 'hard-liners' and 'soft-liners.' Viola, who preceded Galtieri, had put in place a strategy of liberalisation, and wanted to 'open a dialogue with sympathetic civilians and reinforce a veneer of legality and legitimacy upon the military-dominated state.'6.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    After nine days of fruitless talks interrupted only by banquets of smoked salmon and lobster bisque the conference collpased. Ironically, the conference finally collapsed because ex-president Frangieh, Asad's principal Christian ally rejected any erosion of the Maronite presidency. The Amal leadership, unhappy about the sectarian nature of the compromise, which

  1. Was it the technological or tactical changes which had the greater influence in determining ...

    Through the thirteenth century, the footmen of the Low Countries enabled their cities to maintain and enhance their power vis-�-vis the local nobility, a process culminating with the destruction of a French knightly army at Courtrai in 1303. But these soldiers were at best part time and as a result were limited.

  2. What part did the British navy and the war at sea play in bringing ...

    This killed 100 American civilians and forced America in to the war. Which was a major factor towards allied victory due to the added supplies and fresh troops that brought to the war. Another big advantage of Britain's naval prowess was their part in halting the German U-boat campaign.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work