• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important was the discovery of the Holy Lance in the Crusader success in Antioch?

Extracts from this document...


How important was the discovery of the Holy Lance in the Crusader' success in Antioch? During the 11th Century religion permeated all aspects of life and it was arguably the major factor in both recruitment in preparation for the first crusade, and motivating the crusaders whilst they travelled and fought. As a consequence of this religious imperative, religious relics were of massive importance to people at the time as they provided tangible evidence for their faith; the possibility of discovering these artefacts in the Holy Land was of great interest to many of the crusaders as the majority of them were crusading for their faith, and the discovery of a relic would vindicate their belief. This fervent enthusiasm for the discovery of religious artefacts was the catalyst for the impact of the discovery of the Holy Lance during the siege of Antioch, an event which raised morale considerably after the onset of famine and the desertion of Peter the Hermit and Stephen of Blois. However, although it was an important factor in the outcome of the battle of Antioch on June 28th 1098, it was by no means the sole factor in the Crusaders' success at Antioch. ...read more.


If Bohemond had not convinced Firouz to let Fulk of Chartres and sixty knights into the city, it would have been nigh on impossible for the Crusaders to physically break through the city's defences in the short time it took for Kerbogha's army to arrive and they would almost certainly have been annihilated- this point is further supported by the fact that Kerbogha's army arrived only two days after the city had been captured. One could argue that Bohemond's ambitious character and military prowess was the most important factor in the Crusaders' success at Antioch as it was his negotiations which persuaded Firouz to let the Crusaders in and he successfully coordinated the battle of Antioch by forming six distinct divisions to fight the Turks. If Bohemond had not organised the army it is likely that the battle would've been lost as a poorly-managed and fractured army will lose- regardless of their morale or confidence. However, it is also true that a well-managed and cohesive army can lose if they are low in morale and have no belief or will to fight; the argument that the discovery of the Holy Lance was the most important factor in the Crusaders' success at Antioch ...read more.


battle of Antioch, there were other reasons for the success in that battle, such as Bohemond's tactics and poor Turkish organisation and leadership, without which the discovery of the Holy Lance would've been rendered void. Furthermore, the battle of Antioch was the culmination of a series of important, somewhat fortuitous factors which resulted in the conquer of the walls of Antioch; the supplies provided by Edgar Atheling enabled the Crusaders to secure their supply lines and restrict the supplies of the city and Bohemond's cunning allowed him to forge a relationship with Firouz and allowed the Crusaders entry into the city before Kerbogha's forces arrived. The most reasonable assessment of the importance of the discovery of the Holy Lance is that it was one of many crucial factors in the success at Antioch, it is arguable that without the motivation of the discovery the Crusaders would've lost the battle of Antioch and ultimately failed to secure the city, but it is also probable that even with the discovery of the Lance the Crusaders would have lost- had they not been organised effectively by Bohemond, manoeuvred themselves into a stable position and been successful in breaching the city walls. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Research Paper; The Important Scientific Discoveries of the Renaissance: Medicine

    Her reputation for sanctity and the supposed discovery of symbols of Christ's passion in her heart and gall bladder at the time of her death led to the development of a cult and the attribution to her of numerous miracles, most of them involving physical healing.xiii The life of St.

  2. Ancient Discoveries: Troy. This report covers a brief historic background on the discovery of ...

    Completely ignoring all the layers which clearly revealed a variety of different settlements, he continued to dig- removing an estimated 325,000 cubic yards of earth. (Refer to figure 4.) Priam's Treasure (refer to figure 5.) consisted of 8700 pieces of golden pendants, earrings, bracelets, rings, diadems, cups, salvers, cauldrons, vases;

  1. Assess the factors that lead to the defeat of Boudica and the Iceni in ...

    This was crucial to the outcome of the battle and was perhaps the major factor that led to the Celts defeat. Given that Boudica had what seemed to be an insurmountable advantage, when that was taken away the battle opened right up and allowed the Romans to use their advantage of tactical superiority, strength and weaponry.

  2. Examine the impact of the Great Famine on Irelands society, economy and politics

    It had already been in decline at the start of the Famine but it definitely accelerated the process. Those who died or emigrated in the Famine were mostly Irish speakers, mainly because the Famine hit rural areas hardest and that was where the language had survived the longest.

  1. In What Ways Was The Siege Of Antioch The Turning Point Of The First ...

    Antioch also highlighted and worsened Muslim disunity. The Crusaders victory is mainly credited to Kerbogha being abandoned by his fellow Muslims in the battle. Capturing Antioch made this worse because it showed that Muslim ambition had separated them compared to the Crusaders who had still stayed together despite pressure on them.

  2. Evalute the importance, strengths and weaknesses of the Spartan Army

    Drogo Montagu 07.06.12 Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander- Joseph Paisman Daily life in Greece- Robert Flaceliere Ancient Greece- Pamela Bradley 12 Greeks and Romans- Carl J.

  1. To what extent was the Crusaders success at Antioch due to the leadership of ...

    But Bohemond was not secure in the possession of Antioch, even after its surrender and the defeat of Kerbogha; he had to make good his claims against Raymond of Toulouse, who championed the rights of Alexius. He obtained full possession in January 1099, and stayed in the neighbourhood of Antioch

  2. To what extent was the military prowess of the Crusaders the main reason for ...

    What is more feesable is that the main reason for the first crusade's success was infact part unique circumstances, part Muslim Disunity. This can be backed up by the fact that in the 2nd and 3rd crusades the Muslim were more unified and that is why these two crusades failed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work