• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How is the Bolshevik Revolution best explained: Lenin's success or Kerensky's failure?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How is the Bolshevik Revolution best explained: Lenin's success or Kerensky's failure? This coursework will evaluate whether the Bolshevik revolution was due to Lenin's successes or due to Kerensky's failures. It is important to look at Kerensky and Lenin in particular as Kerensky could be considered the key to the Provisional Government as he became the Prime minister, and it is important to look at Lenin as he was one of the main Bolshevik leaders and influenced the rest of the Bolsheviks greatly. To get an idea of the chances of the Provisional Government being a success, we need to know what the Provisional Government must do to avoid being brought down. Throughout the country, there was widespread hope and cautious optimism, because the people of Russia hoped for a new better life but were optimistic in the Provisional Government being able to bring the necessary changes around. By the time of the Provisional Government, the people of Russia were tired of Tsarism and dictatorship in their country so if the Provisional Government showed any signs of ruling undemocratically, they wouldn't have been able to last long. However, before the arrival of Lenin in Russia, even the Petrograd Soviet supported the Provisional Government. It will be necessary to find out the chances of the provisional government being successful, and whether it is fair to blame the Bolshevik revolution on Kerensky or that the revolution was inevitable. ...read more.

Middle

Kerensky was a SR, this meant that he wanted to give land to the peasants. However, he went back on his promise and did not share out the land, this is because he had to work with a coalition of unwilling landowners. The minister of agriculture, Victor Chernov's criticism of the Provisional Government helped Lenin. Lenin changed his view from the government should keep the land for the country's own good to 'land to the peasants', even though it was against Marxist ideology. He even went into the army and encouraged officers and soldiers to go back home and to seize their own land, this weakened the army and made hunger and land seem more important than fighting the war. Kerensky's failure to work with his own government, gave Lenin the opportunity to manipulate the failure in order to help himself and the Bolsheviks as well as hindering Kerensky's support in and outside the Provisional Government. During the summer of 1917, there were two main events that show the Provisional Government losing support and Lenin's luck and skill at exploiting mistakes made by Kerensky. These two events were the July days and the Kornilov revolt. The July days show that 100,000 people in St Petersburg did not respect the government as they were taking part in a demonstration but it also shows that there were approximately 2 million people in St Petersburg that supported the Provisional Government as the Bolsheviks failed to seize power. ...read more.

Conclusion

women and cadets. This was a major failure for Kerensky as he could no longer keep the war effort going. Kerensky failed to make good political decisions. He was as 'out of touch' as the Tsar when he tried to order the garrison the front line. Whereas Lenin used all of his powers of persuasion to make the Bolsheviks stage the coup. Therefore, the takeover succeeded because the Provisional Government had not delivered all of its promises or fulfilled the people's hopes. The people became apathetic of what he did. Kerensky also had left the capital which is a key error as it became very difficult to reclaim it. The Bolsheviks succeeded because they planned a surprise coup and took over key positions in the city. The Bolsheviks used Lenin's leadership and persuasive powers to the fullest extent. They were also able to control most of the army in the capital. This was very successful for Lenin as the takeover succeeded and a failure for Kerensky as the Provisional Government was no longer in control. I think that the Bolshevik revolution is best explained by mostly Lenin's successes because he was able to act quickly and decisively when necessary, he was able to exploit the Provisional Governments weaknesses and could exploit dissatisfied demonstrators to his advantage. But partly Kerensky's failure because Lenin was always able to exploit the situation and make it favour himself and the Bolsheviks and Kerensky made the mistake of appointing Kornilov, as his revolt in August armed the Bolsheviks and restored their reputation. Arjan Thethy 11.T History coursework Mrs Welch 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    * Napoleon's generals lacked experience of taking the initiative. There was no army staff to assist Napoleon, who often refused to share tactics, ideals or details of the battle. * Napoleon's arrogance meant that he had failed to grasp how dangerously opponents were becoming. This was particularly true of the Fourth Coalition.

  2. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    as a mechanism for achieving specific limited material goals, rather than the restructuring of the whole of society. These goals differed from group to group, and as in any complex society there were many groups, each hoping to swing public policy in a direction favourable to its own interests.

  1. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    the two countries' aims were completely satisfied; but enough territory was handed over to pacify them both. This therefore was a success as Russian desires were restrained in Poland and Prussian greed in North Germany, and therefore the Settlement was a reasonable compromise.

  2. Russia 1905-1941 'Explain how the unpopularity of the Provisional Government contributed to the Bolshevik ...

    'peace, land and bread' they would have got the support of the Russian lower classes and peasants, and would not have been in such a catastrophic position. The First World War also removed substantial obstacles which meant the Bolshevik Revolution could occur.

  1. Trotsky - Succession, Revolutionary Success, Civil War Hero, Death, Failure and End

    page 873, The New Regime Triumphant- Orlando Figes, published by Pimlico 33 Endurance and Endeavour: Russian History 1812-1992 Fourth Edition - page 260, The Civil War - J.N.Westwood, Oxford 34 Endurance and Endeavour: Russian History 1812-1992 Fourth Edition - page 261, The Civil War - J.N.Westwood, Oxford 35 A People's

  2. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    The measure was opposed by the Liberal Democrats due to the threatening deductions on monetary powers. Evidence of Bismarck's authority is shown by threats to call new elections, thus a compromise was made that the military budget would be fixed for seven years at a time, rather than voted for

  1. To what extent was Lenin the key to the Bolshevik success of 1917? ...

    Making their views feel unheard and rejected. Furthermore, the provisional government had failed to satisfy the Russians when it came to the issue of land among other things. This was a sensitive area, and the fact that Lenin had been able to develop, or at least a position, unlike the government, made it very easy for the Bolsheviks to swoop in and take the power.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the provisional government were the main factors ...

    allowed the Bolsheviks more influence and led to militia factions of Bolshevik support. Whilst the Bolsheviks support grew according to Acton, the SR?s support base was sticking by them. The SR?s were well organised at a local level amongst the peasants, this meant they were very active and successful in local direct action, which gained them a considerable local following.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work