• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How is the defeat of Germany by November 1918 best explained

Extracts from this document...


How is the defeat of Germany by November 1918 best explained? There was great initial enthusiasm in Germany, Layton suggest that Germany had the best of the four years of fighting. After all Germany still occupied large parts of enemy territory, such as the Ruhr. Yet it was found to accept an armistice on allied terms in 1918 outlined by the treaty of Versailles. This essay intends to examine why this was the case. I feel there are a number of reasons why Germany lost the First World War by November 1918. The first of these is the fact that Germany had weak allies. Germany's main ally was the Austro-Hungarian Empire. They where not a great force in Europe, not compared with the English empire, which was said at one time that the sun never set on it. There other ally was the Ottoman Empire. They where also not very strong. This gave Germany a disadvantage before they even began the war. Germany could just not compete with the strength of Great Britain. Also Germany was fighting a war on two fronts with Russia on the east and France on the left. ...read more.


England got this in the form of America in April 1917. I feel this is a significant factor to why Germany lost the war by 1918. America not only reinforced the English and French army with fresh men and troops, but America had huge reserves of raw materials in which Germany was rapidly running out of. Also the involvement of America in the war made Germany act quickly and hastily causing them to rush into bad decisions and inevitably the wrong decisions. That leads me on to the Schlieffen plan and more importantly the failure of it. The longer the war was to go on there was more of an advantage to Germany's enemy's as they had much stronger economy's. Germany, lead by Wilhelm II, devised the Schlieffen plan, which was that they beat the French in six weeks, before Russia had time to mobilize, so they would not be fighting war on two fronts. This obviously failed and lead Germany into war on two fronts, which they where economically and militarily unprepared. Another important factor is the English blockade on Germany. ...read more.


This on top of Germany's lack of empire led to the collapse of the German army and the loss of the war on the 11th November 1918. You could say that Germany where fighting an uphill struggle from the very beginning, with Germany not having an empire of any sort in which to turn to for raw materials and military strength. After the failure of the Schlieffen plan Germany had war on two fronts making it almost impossible for them to overcome the powers of the British Empire. On top of this you add the fact that there was a naval blockade in which Germany could not use the sea as a method of transportation for ammunition or food etc. It was almost inevitable that Germany where going to lose the war, with the introduction of America in April 1917. This made Germany panic and launch their final offensive, which was counteracted by Great Britain, and Germany where finally defeated. I feel the three main causes of the defeat of Germany where, the British naval blockade, the introduction of America and most importantly the failure of the Schlieffen plan. ?? ?? ?? ?? Edward Atkinson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    soldiers were going to die in the war, however Source B is written after the first day of the attack. After the attack Haig feels stronger and believes he can win the war without the as many men dying, 'All the commanders are full of confidence', he knows that they

  2. To what extent did the failure of the Schlieffen Plan lead to Germany's defeat ...

    This meant trench warfare. In the great war, the trench system really first began at the race to sea and as the war went on the trenches began to get much more sophisticated. They were reinforced with concrete and barbed wire which meant that artillery bombardments were basically useless which

  1. Newton D. Baker, "The Treatment of German-Americans" (1918)

    It seems odd to me that he did not know where the guidance came from and he had previously prayed about it. I disagree with the guidance he claims he received because the misguidance he received ultimately cost 4,300 young American soldiers their lives, in addition to and estimated 20,000-500,000 Filipino lives.

  2. Was the Effort Made By the Soviets the Main Reason In the Defeat of ...

    The sixth army was cut down from 300,000 to a mere 90,000 when it surrendered in February 1941. This was more than just a victory in a small battle for the Russians it was the first time the Germans where beaten and affected not just the moral of the Russians and the Germans but all the countries in the world.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work