• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How serious were the dangers to the Tsarist government of Russia from 1900 to the outbreak of war in 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How serious were the dangers to the Tsarist government of Russia from 1900 to the outbreak of war in 1914? Russia was facing an increasing number of crises in the years following 1900. However, the danger they posed to the Tsarist regime must be analyzed before a conclusion can be made. Firstly, there had been rapid industrial growth in the 1890s. This led peasants to move towards cities in search of more attractive and well-paid jobs in factories. When a depression followed in the 1900s, many were left unemployed and their bitterness made them a threat to public order. This was followed by the 1905 Russo-Japanese War. Although it was intended to divert public thought from the problems facing the empire, it backfired due to defeat in the war. ...read more.

Middle

This would destabilize the old political and social structure of the autocratic state. Further, it meant an increase in the number of skilled workers who want their rights. Lastly, peasants were forced to provide labour for the increasing number of industries resulting from industrialization building a core of disgruntled workers. The Tsarist regime was further blackened by its hatred of non-Russians as was apparent by the massacre let loose on the Muslim people by the Cossacks and the accusations of witchcraft on the Jews. Finally, the attitude and personality of the Tsar himself was a huge danger to the stability of his own regime. Nicholas II was averse to change in a time when Russia most desperately needed it. While he was authoritarian, he was also indecisive which proved to be his undoing. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most radical groups were ineffective because they were so divided amongst themselves. The Bolsheviks were in either external or self-imposed exiles. The Tsar, on Witte's advice, successfully divided the middle class and peasantry by granting facile concessions such as the Dumas and abolishing redemption tax while crushing the proletariat who were left standing alone. It is clear from this that the revolution was aimed not at overthrowing the Tsar and establishing a new order but only to get concessions. To conclude, although some historians feel that revolution was inevitable, I think that until 1914, the start of the World War, the dangers to the Tsar were not particularly threatening. Even in 1905, the Tsar could rely on the army to crush the protesting proletariat. The fact is that so long as an autocratic ruler has a strong police force and can rely on support of the army, he can not be ousted from power that easily. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    Examine A) The unpopularity of the Provisional Government and B) Lenin's leadership. Explain how these two factors acted together to help the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917 (8 marks) The Bolsheviks seized power in 1917 because of two main factors: the unpopularity of the Provisional Government and Lenin's strong leadership.

  2. Stalins Russia, 1924-53 revision guide

    War production * Nikolai Voznesensky, who had been head of Gosplan since 1938, was put in charge of war production in July 1941. * Military needs were given first priority and civilian materials fell from two-thirds to one third of national production.

  1. How Serious Was The Threat Posed To Henry VII By Pretenders To The Throne

    The second threat was fronted by Perkin Warbeck. He was an impostor, pretending to be Richard Duke of York who was the younger son of King Edward. In 1491, he landed in Ireland in the hope of gaining support just like Simnel had.

  2. How well equipped was Tsar Nicholas II to deal with the problems that faced ...

    The party was run by intellectual men such as Lenin and Trotsky, however the leaders of this party were in exile and so could not unite support or conduct party matters very well since they were in different countries. The Tsar could deal with opposition groups in one of two ways.

  1. Explain the importance of government concessions and reforms, in relation to other factors in ...

    By dividing the opposition against him they would be less of a threat and so strengthening his position as tsar. In November the government then announced another manifesto. This time the redemption dues paid by the peasants were to be abolished.

  2. How stable was the tsarist regime in Russia on the eve of the First ...

    The dynasty was also weakened by political decadence. The Czar retained considerable support among the masses due to some of the reforms of 1905. Kulaks, a class of comfortably-off peasants emerged as a result of the abolition of redemption payments. Several peasants were able to buy their own land.

  1. Apeasement Did the policy of appeasement go to any great lengths toward stopping the ...

    a relatively small force, and greatly increase their striking force on the northern bank. " Therefore Eden is clearly stating that the remilitarisation f the Rhineland was indeed a clear threat to France and international peace. Winston Churchill was also a clear critic of the policy of appeasement stating that

  2. Decisions made in Berlin from 1900 determined the outbreak of war in Europe in ...

    This occurred in 1914 and so just before the outbreak of war 1914 so the motives of the Kaiser at this time could be questioned, as he may have felt humiliated following the actions of both Moroccan crises. The source itself however should also be questioned to how far Keegan?s

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work