• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Serious Were The Problems Facing The Weimar Republic In The Years 1919-23?

Extracts from this document...


How Serious Were The Problems Facing The Weimar Republic In The Years 1919-23? During the years of 1919-1923 Germany was under the control of a democratic government known as the Weimar Republic. Different people have different views on them. Some people were in favour of them and some favoured other political parties. The Weimar Republic suffered various threats in these four years and I'm going to look at them and analyse how serious they were and how big of a threat to the Weimar Republic. The Weimar Republic faces threats from both left wing and right wing parties. The threats coming from the left started in 1919. In 1919 the main communist group were the spartacists; these were an extreme communist party who only gained a small percentage of the votes. In 1919 there was a rising, in which members of the spartacists marched towards Berlin, however they were defeated by the Weimar Republic relatively easily in a government plan to eliminate extreme left wing communism. However even though they had been defeated their members formed a new communist party called the KPD. The KPD were committed to establishing a communist state by revolutionary means. The KPD drew supports from Germany's working class who were still suffering from the social and economic effects of WW1. Now because the KPD drew support from the working class and the majority of Germany at the time were majority working class they KPD had the potential to be a big threat to the Weimar Republic. ...read more.


The Weimar Republic were always going to win against the left wing groups, even if they had to use the right wing parties and the right wing Freikorps, which they did on a number of occasions. Throughout 1919-23 the German government was focussed on the threat from the left, when however it was the threat from the right whose influence became particularly strong in these four years. The right wing parties favoured anti-democracy, anti-communism, authoritarianism and nationalism. These were parties such as the DNVP which was the Deutschnationale Volkspartei (German National Peoples Party), this party attracted support from the upper class nationalist and racist people. They gained up to 20% of the votes over the years, this may not sound like a lot but it was considering only 70-80% of people voted. They favoured anti-democracy which was a big problem because the Weimar Republic were completely in favour of democracy. They believed it to be weak and they blamed them for losing the war and all of the reparations Germany had to pay after the treaty of Versailles. However they hated communists more, so whenever a communist uprising started they would help the government defeat it. They saw the Weimar Republic as the lesser of two evils. Their Nationalist views came in two forms, mild and strong views. ...read more.


People couldn't afford a loaf of bread to live on. This made the German people resent the Weimar republic, they blamed them for everything that had gone wrong. Hyperinflation induced poverty, made people unsure about their own finances and those who had savings stored away found that their savings had been wiped out. There was only one good side to hyperinflation and that was that those with mortgages and debts could pay them off extremely easily. Although hyperinflation was extremely bad, one year later Germany was once again one of the biggest superpowers. They did this by introducing new currency with limits on how much could be printed and put a limit on government spending. There were various threats to the Weimar Republic over these four years and yet somehow they managed to survive and then enter what was known as the golden years. The threats at times were big and at times were small, but none of the threats were big enough to revolutionise Germany, each time there was an attempt it was squashed by the government. People were happy to settle for the Weimar republic because they believed that they were better than either the communists or the Nationalists, depending on which they were themselves. There is no way the Weimar republic would have survived if it wasn't for the support of one side when the other attempted to revolutionise. The threats were small in comparison to the size of the Weimar Republic, although not everybody liked them everybody preferred them to the opposite wing. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Problems of the Weimar Republic and the Path to War.

    3 star(s)

    This caused immense rivalry, tensions and deep divisions within the left wing in German politics. This in turn led to the historic telephone call which the General of the Germany army ? General Groener offered the army?s help in maintaining Erbert in office by putting down forces from the extreme left.

  2. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    a day, which was barely enough to cover the cost of a loaf of bread. The high cost of the war effort had meant that the government deficit had skyrocketed in four years and the German government rather than raising taxes to help pay off these debts chose to sell

  1. Assess the reasons why the Weimar Republic faced so many problems in the 1920s

    The right were dealt with more peacefully through organised strikes to make the right wing governments unable to govern, whereas the left were ruthlessly crushed by the Reichswehr and the Freikorps. It was felt that the right were dealt with more softly than the left: both of the Spartacist leaders

  2. What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923 and why ...

    impatience the German people must have felt, is more evidence to the fact that the majority of germans still were supportive of Weimar. More evidence to the fact that the German population was supportive of the Weimar constitution is that even during this period of unrest and economic crisis people voted for pro republic parties.

  1. Weimar Republic

    These groups of people living in this economic misery were easily persuaded by the claims of the extremist political parties demanding for change. However, one main point to consider is the weaknesses of the Constitution, the enabling of Article 48 allowed the President to potentially overrule the Reichstag and in

  2. How stable was the Weimar Republic 1924-29 ?

    it differently? On the other hand social welfare alienated powerful groups in the elite and aroused expectations that could not be met. They felt that the expectations were exaggerated and the demands on the welfare could not be met, feeling it was wrong to put up the hopes of man people (especially the working class).

  1. How accurate is it to suggest that the Treaty of Versailles was mainly responsible ...

    They and the German people blamed the Weimar government for the bestowing of the war guilt clause as a direct result of them signing the treaty. Therefore they blamed the Weimar government for the other key terms imposed on Germany.

  2. The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period 1919 ...

    The constitution was created by Preuss on July 1st 1919 as a ?revolution from above? which meant that the introduction of democracy in Germany was born out of defeat in WW1 with the purpose of taking the blame for signing of the Treaty of Versailles.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work