• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How significant was the contribution of Robert J. Oppenheimer to the Manhattan Project?

Extracts from this document...


How significant was the contribution of Robert J. Oppenheimer to the Manhattan Project? Robert J. Oppenheimer contribution to the Manhattan Project was significant in that fact that he was head off the project as scientific director, as he was able to bring theories and knowledge off his work and that off other scientists. Yet Oppenheimer was not the only person to have a significant contribution to the project, people like General Leslie M. Groves he was the primary military leader in charge of the Manhattan Project he was the person that put Oppenheimer in charge of the project. The people and their work at the University of Chicago, two president of the USA, who both say yes to the project, the testing and then final bomb, and the many people who work for the project and under Oppenheimer. Places that were selected, also had a significant because they allowed it to be done in secret, in areas that allow all year building and working and so the weather would not stop them, so they could build and test the first Atomic bomb. Robert J. Oppenheimer contribution to the Manhattan Project was significant as he was the director of the Manhattan Project, head of Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico, also known as "the father of the atomic bomb." Oppenheimer became infolded with the atomic programme on the start of war world 2, when he was invite to take over fast neutron calculations, in 1942 when the US Army took over the project and renamed Manhattan Engineering District, or Manhattan Project. General Leslie M. Groves was appointed project director, who then appointed Oppenheimer as scientific director, which was view as security risk, because of Oppenheimer's left wing wanderings, and links with the communist, they thought that he was pass information on then and in turn on to the Russia. One off Oppenheimer first act at Los Alamos where he was base, was to host a summer school for the bomb theory, they busied themselves ...read more.


He was the key leader to the project as he took a slow paced poorly coordinated, theoretical and laboratory research effort of a few universities, into the fast paced highly articulated, truly massive juggernaut involving thousands of scientists, engineers, technicians, workmen, and soldiers, as well as hundreds of companies and governmental organizations in the United States and the World. This is way Groves was more significant to the project then Oppenheimer was as he changed it from a slow paced project not getting much done, to the project that everyone know it as this big project working as quickly as possible to build the bomb and finish the war. The work of the University of Chicago was significant at the start of the project, as their work in a small laboratory as this is where Stagg Field were expanding understanding of atomic theory , the first controlled nuclear reaction occurred. Though at the time not under the control of the project, if it was not for their work, the project may of never went ahead and then there may of never been an atomic bomb, or another country would have built it, or without their work the project may of taken at lot longer than it did. Oppenheimer also worked at the University of Chicago, he was asked in 1942 to take over research on fast neutron calculations, key to calculations about critical mass and weapon detonation at University of California, Berkeley. To show that the man who to was to be appointed scientific director of the entire project show this place had a significant contribution as the work there went on to help them build the bomb. The university was also a part of looking at if the bomb would work, Edward Teller made some of the initial calculation, and his figures indicated that the bomb would, indeed, create enough heat to ignite the earth's atmosphere. ...read more.


He had a lot of power in the project and had the freedom to whatever as long as the job got done. You also have the work of the people at University of Chicago and Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Hanford Site and Los Alamos, New Mexico, as the work they did lead to the building and testing. The president that was in office of the time of building the project had a role to play, FDR in starting it all off and giving the go ahead, and Truman giving the go ahead to use the bombs. Oppenheimer was noted for saying when he sees the bomb being tested, he thought of a verse from the Hindu holy book, the Bhagavad Gita: If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst at once into the sky, that would be like the splendor of the mighty one... Years later he would explain that another verse had also entered his head at that time: "We knew the world would not be the same. A few people laughed, a few people cried, most people were silent. I remembered the line from the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad-Gita. Vishnu is trying to persuade the Prince that he should do his duty and to impress him takes on his multi-armed form and says, 'Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.' I suppose we all thought that one way or another." Show what must people though and still thing of the bomb, the destroyer of worlds, so yes Oppenheimer did have a significant contribution to the Manhattan project, but yet if it was not for the work of the thousands who work on it the atomic bomb may never of been built, so yes he did if you look at what he did, which was a great deal for the project, but you can't count out the other people that worked on the atomic bomb programme. ?? ?? ?? ?? Paul Robinson word count 3070 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Free essay

    JFK assassination - different theories and the evidence.

    This witness highlights the perception that the president was not assassinated by Oswald from the School Book Depository, but rather from the Grassy Knoll, indicating that the Warren Commission report was inaccurate in its evaluation of Lee Harvey Oswald being the lone assassin.

  2. Why the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima was Justified.

    Our aim was benevolent, had there been no interference. Our message was to the government, not innocent civilians! Similarly proven during the Battle of Iwo Jima, where only 212 Japanese soldiers survived out of the initial 20,000, we realized how far the Japanese would go to defend their country at any expense.(The Battle of Iwo Jima).

  1. Revision notes - the USA 1945 to 1980

    This was signed in July 1964, making discrimination illegal across the United States. The hated "Jim Crow" laws had finally gone. It stated that 1. Segregation in education and housing is illegal. 2. All Americans were entitled to equal employment opportunities.

  2. Assess the Generalship of Robert E. Lee

    As Benet called him, Lee was the "marble man", and McPherson suggests that he was the only realistic chance of winning the War for the South. It is true to say that Lee really was the man that saved the South from crumbling earlier.

  1. Women Working

    This shows that the women had a lot of things to work on. In another picture several women were also depicted working hard at their workplace. There were eight women in this picture and like the first picture; they are all looking down, showing how intensely they are focused on their work.

  2. Comparison of Presidents Harry Truman, Dwight Eisenhower and Lyndon Johnson

    counters the ideals of democracy and successful action needs to be taken. He further pushed the ideas of the Committee of Civil Rights that had been rejected by congress, and said that desegregation needed to be put into action. That same year, Truman followed the ideas of his State of

  1. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, NY. ...

    promised the people of the United States a "new deal" to get the nation out of the Depression and prevent it from happening again. During his campaign, he traveled to 38 states, showing the nation he could physically take on the job as President.

  2. King Arthur and Zeus

    Later, the youth pulled the sword out of a stone that proclaimed that he was the king of all Britain. This young man would later on grow up to be King Arthur. Not unlike Arthur, Zeus also had a unnatural background.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work