• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful a King was Henry VIII during the period of 1509-1514?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful a King was Henry VIII during the period of 1509-1514? Henry VIII came to the throne at just seventeen. The first half of his reign has often been regarded as a period relatively insubstantial achievement. Unlike some European monarchs of the time Henry was never overthrown. His domestic policy was ruthless but clever. It kept him secure by pleasing the nobility who controlled the land and the commons, thereby preventing a revolt. On the other hand the one of the results of his aggressive foreign policy, the Battle of the Spurs, was overblown by his government in terms of its importance; it was high in prestige but low in any substantial impact. It was also an expensive drain on resources. At his accession, Henry VIII was bent on war and in the concept of the king as a 'valiant knight'. He was brought up in a society where the chivalric ideal still counted for much and 'not unmindful that it was his duty to seek fame by military skill'. Henry believed that his territories were his 'property' in not a dissimilar way to that in which a landowner possessed his estates. It was therefore his duty to utilise his possessions so as to maximise his family's prestige, power and wealth in the short and long term. Henry had to prove himself on the battlefield. Henry's foreign policy was a disaster. ...read more.

Middle

This was highly embarrassing for King Henry, he was made to look unwise and lacking in good judgement as a King should. In 1513 he returned back to France, independent. This was a wise choice of Henry's; he was quick to learn as knew he could not trust his allies. Henry besieged the minor town of Therouanne. Henry went on to capture Tournai. This was the 'major' achievement of the campaign. Tournai held no industry or particular financial value. However, it was a famous name that would bring Henry the title or 'War Hero' that he was desperate for. Although, the amount of 'battle' which went on is debateable. Furthermore, Henry did not attend the 'battle'; he was not with the army at the time. The battle was named the Battle of the Spurs. This war had given him the military recognition he sorted after, he had led an impressive, strong army to victory. The land he had come home with would impress the nobility who would now support their King. However, the battle did not affect the French at all. They had not become weaker by the battle. The French had more important matters to attend to than fraternize with small, insignificant countries like England who was merely an irritating fly which would not go away. They let Henry keep the small villages Tournai and Therouanne to keep him content. ...read more.

Conclusion

He coped with these allegations decisively and cleverly, this was a major success. He knew that he needed to be popular with his subjects and keep the nobility on his side because they controlled the commons and governed parts of the country. He decided that he would he would behead Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley who were the two main hated enforcers. This was a dramatic publicity stunt. Henry showed that he respected his nobility and trusted them. It gained mass support and popularity for the new King. However, in truth Henry did not get rid of all bonds and recognisances. He kept them for subjects who he did not trust. He also kept most of his father's councillors. His success in this area brought his extra support from his nobility which is perhaps why he managed to make such blunders in France. Henry was an ideal Renaissance prince- well educated, a sportsman, and interested in music and the arts. Henry made some blunders as a young King for example his war against France. However, he never lost control of his nobility and there was never a revolt against him. By 1514 there was peace in the Tudor dynasty and they were now related to royal families of both France and Spain. The most lasting result of the war with France was the emergence of Wolsey who had proved himself to be fantastic diplomat. Henry may have made mistakes, but he came out as a strong King who was popular with his nobility, they had the War they had craved under Henry VII. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful was English foreign policy in the years 1509 1529?

    4 star(s)

    the Pope, the new King of France, the King of Spain, the Holy Roman Emperor, and Henry VIII. This was like a modern day EU summit, and was a major diplomatic achievement for the time; a time of constant political upheaval where war had always been considered the answer.

  2. How far did Henry VIII achieve his aims 1509 - 1514?

    by using Thomas Wolsey, to handle his day to day affairs, but Henry also received a number of complaints and failures to record keeping systems. Although Henry wanted to be successful in this area, he hated having to deal with day to day jobs, like his father had done, and

  1. To what extent did the policies of Henry VIII diverge from that of his ...

    Henry VIII was not a deeply religious man but he did see his rule as being led by God and also claimed that he was spoken to by God at times. Henry VII wanted peace and therefore left the Church alone, yet Henry was only interested in authority of kings

  2. How Far Did Henry VIII's Government in 1509 to 1514 differ from that of ...

    bullying them and policing them to do the right thing, Henry VIII had a less tough stance on them, and especially during the beginning of his reign as he understood how important they were to him, so he made sure they were treated right and in return he could rely on their support.

  1. How far did Henry VIII pursue new policies during the period 1509-1514?

    This way he could pursue any policy he liked. The man with all these qualities was Thomas Wolsey. He gave his councilors more say than Henry VII and he gave them the freedom to initiate policies on many matters. He allowed trusted nobles and ecclesiastics to rule in his name.

  2. How successful was Henry VII in securing international recognition in the years 1485 to ...

    Henry also prevented Charles from helping Perkin Warbeck in his rebellion, and had secured an annual pension. Unfortunately, between the years 1502 and 1506 there were a series of deaths which undermined Henry?s foreign relations affecting his international recognition. Firstly, Henry?s son Arthur died in 1502, this affected Henry?s international

  1. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    Carson knew that this was a tactical move as he wanted to undermine the Home Rule and still be open to negotiation. Carson?s minimum terms for settlement. The total exclusion of Ulster was preferable but he would settle on basis of six.

  2. How successful was Wolseys foreign policy in satisfying the ambitions of Henry VIII in ...

    Henry?s policy in France benefited him slightly by collecting a pension from the French, but is failure as it shows he can be manipulated by other powers and lost huge amounts of money on war. On a financial level the wars with France did have some bonuses one being the pensions they would receive due to the peace treaties.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work