• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was King Richard I in achieving his objectives in the Third Crusade?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐How successful was King Richard I in achieving his objectives in the Third Crusade? Richard I?s primary objective in the Third Crusade was to recover Jerusalem following it?s recapture by Saladin in October 1187, an objective which he failed to see through. However, the Third Crusade was not a total disaster, as it allowed Richard to somewhat diminish Saladin?s prestige and to protect the remainder of Outremer. The Third Crusade was called following the loss of Jerusalem. When preaching for a new Crusade in 1189, Pope Innocent III claimed that the primary objective of the Third Crusade was to recover the holy city from the Muslims who had taken it. ...read more.


Following the unsuccessful first march to Jerusalem, Richard took his men back to Ascalon in 1192 to begin rebuilding the castle there in a four month construction program. Ascalon proved to be a formidable offensive and defensive castle, and he could have used it for his attack on Egypt. This was only a short term success, however, as Saladin forced him to abandon it in the 1193 Treaty of Jaffa. However, it was not a completely failure for Richard. In 1191, Richard I managed to secure the port of Acre and take it back from Muslims hands, which helped to expand the Crusader states, and in 1192 he also managed to get Jaffa back. ...read more.


The result of this was the Treaty of Jaffa, in 1193, in which Richard managed to secure the remainder of the Crusader states in return for the abandonment of Ascalon. Whilst this was successful, it was only a short term guarantee as when Saladin died in 1193, his truce died with him and the abandonment of Ascalon was also a failure as it meant that the Crusaders had wasted four months rebuilding it. Although the Third Crusade had its successes, I think that ultimately Richard I?s objectives were not met. He didn?t managed to recover Jerusalem, he didn?t get anywhere near Egypt and he lost the one castle which could have been used offensively to potentially help him in the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. To what extent was the Third Crusade a defeat for the Latins?

    Despite Richard's return from the Holy Land in 1192, the Third Crusade had spawned an epilogue crusade under taken by the Holy Roman Empire under the leadership of Henry VI. Under Henry the Germans were able to take Sidon and thus restore the land connection between the kingdom of Jerusalem and the county of Tripoli.

  2. To what extent was the first crusade a success

    Led by Peter the Hermit and Walter Sansavoir, they caused havoc across Europe and in a desperate attempt to be rid of them Alexius was forced to ship them over the Bosphorus into Asia Minor where they camped at civitot, hear they ignored his advice to wait for the rest

  1. What was the short term significance of the Amritsar Massacre?

    In this essay, I have used various sources from wide ranging authors to minimize any biases. Of the contemporary sources, I have used those from Gandhi, the pacific radical; Nehru, the "hooligan"; Chaudhuri, an Indian commentator on culture; and Tagore, the renowned Indian poet.

  2. What Did Charlemagne Do While In Power As King?

    This warfare was often, perhaps always, savage. The Royal Frankish Annals record the massacre of 4,500 Saxons in 782, and the exile of others. Many campaigns involved considerable distances and complex logistics. The Royal Frankish Annals record Charlemagne achieving three coordinated invasions of Bavaria, as well as a two-year siege of Barcelona in 800-801AD.

  1. The mystery of Stonehenge- theories about its construction and usage.

    Although it seems to be impossible archeologists claim that they discovered how the Stonehenge was created. Those who built Stonehenge knew how to cut and move very large pieces of stone and place horizontal stone beams across the upright pillars.

  2. Why Were Some Forms Of Nationalism More Successful Than Others In Achieving Concessions From ...

    A further strand of Irish nationalism, defined as Cultural Nationalism, saw the need to, as Douglas Hyde put it, "de-anglicise" Ireland. According to ME Collins, "Ireland was developing an English culture that was indistinguishable from that in Britain" and therefore, in response to this, organisations were set up to promote

  1. Why Was King Alfred So Great?

    He primarily looked to strengthen the Navy so as to ensure protection from any potential invaders, as well as discouraging any raids from Northumbrian Vikings. Alfred in fact, designed and implemented the construction of an innovative style of ship that was 'swifter, steadier and also more responsive than the others'3.

  2. To what extent was the military prowess of the Crusaders the main reason for ...

    But this was not the only disunity, within the Seljuk Empire there were rival emirs and conflicts between states for example Kilij Arslan the Seljuk Sultan of Rum was warring with the Danishmenz when the Crusaders landed in the middle east.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work