• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was labours' nationalisation programme 1945 - 1951?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jasmin Hillerby How Successful was Labour's Nationalisation programme 1945-51? The post-war Labour government was the first to have have a majority and was therefore able to carry out the long cherished aim of clause IV of the Party's constitution; mainly widespread nationalisation. Among the areas this essay will consider are the nationalisation of electricity and gas, steps towards a more socialist society, and the cost of the programme. It will be argued that nationalisation had mixed success in that it was successful in some respects, however, it failed to provide what Labour had envisaged in others. Labour's nationalisation policy was greatly welcomed by the British public at first, Six years of total war had left widespread support for State planning, ownership and control. A way in which it was a success was that there was very little opposition to the nationalisation of industries such as coal and the railways, even by conservatives. ...read more.

Middle

There was also large success in the gas industry as there were massive improvements that made up for where it had previously lacked far behind electricity. There was also a growth in civil aviation and in cable and wireless communications; electrification extended to more remote parts of the country. However, the expansion of both the electric industry and the gas industry threw them into competition with each other. A great success of Labour's nationalisation programme of 1945-51 was the increase and expansion of industries in Britain. There was important expansions in some of the newer industries especially car production. Manufacturing output increased by 50% during these years, and the volume of exports rose by 67% between 1947 and 1950. There was remarkable expansion of production and exports in the five years up to 1951, however, along side these was a slow rise in the cost of living. ...read more.

Conclusion

The pay of workers and the working conditions in the nationalised industries did not change a great deal and workers often found themselves to have the same managers after nationalisation as they did before. The administrative system adopted by Labour did not directly involve workers in the decision making or running of industries and the government resisted attempts to appoint representatives of the workers to their boards. In conclusion, although the nationalisation programme was important for Labour and it's ideology, it was a less successful reform than in other areas of their society. It did have some profound effects on production and exports but it failed to make dramatic improvement in most areas. The programme worked out to be more costly than some people argued it was worth, but it did manage to drive Britain away from total capitalism, and instead Britain became a more mixed economy. Overall, the Programme wasn't a complete failure, but it had very limited success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    DECLINE OF STAPLE INDUSTRIES AND THE GENERAL STRIKE OF 1926

    for longer hours but the document also suggested that the miners should not ask for higher wages and the government should not continue giving subsidies-at least until the crisis was over. Neither mine owners nor workers accepted the report, but the TUC continued to negotiate on behalf of the miners.

  2. How far was Labours electoral defeat in 1951 the result of economic difficulties?

    This links to the divides that occurred within the Labour party; especially as the Conservatives had become so much stronger and had fully recovered from their post-war defeat, making it another reason for which Labour were weaker in the 1951 election and potentially a contributor to their defeat.

  1. How successful was the Labour Government from 1945- 1951?

    They feared that they would have their freedom removed from them and feared a major decrease in their annual salary. It took a great deal of talks between the BMA and the minister of healthcare Aneurin Bevan to come to a compromise.

  2. The Successes of Labour from 1945

    Aneurin Bevan resigned in protest - prescription charges continued to cause divisions within Labour for years afterwards. Yet, in many ways, the NHS proved a great success. Over 187,000 prescriptions were issued in the first year and 8.5 million dental patients were treated.

  1. Why did Labour win the 1945 election and lose in the 1951 election?

    The electorate clearly did not see it this way though, believing that the Labour party had lied to them, this feeling of betrayal saw many voters return to the "reliable" Conservatives in the 1951 election. Although Labour's promises had brought about hopes and expectations that were simply unachievable, whilst in

  2. how successful was the labour govt 1945 - 51?

    a pipe dream for many years and this government achieved it with little strain. This is a strong indication of Labours determination and ability to deliver its promises. It also gained respect and support from the influential trade unions that were hostile towards the left.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work