• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was Louis XVIII as the King of France?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How successful was Louis XVIII as the King of France? In April 1814, Napoleon abdicated from the throne unconditionally due to other European monarchs rising against him. This meant the question erupts to who was going to rule France. This decision fell on the shoulders of the quadruple alliance (Britain, Russia, Austria, Prussia), who then decided to restore the Bourbon Dynasty that had ruled in 1793. The rightful Bourbon heir was Louis XVIII, brother of King Louis XVI. To decide if King Louis XVIII was a successful monarch, success must first be defined. I would define a successful monarch as one for which puts the interests of their country first, not necessarily pleasing everybody all the time, but assuring the countries? stability in the best way possible. When Louis first arrived on the throne he had a series of problems he needed to overcome, for which some were more difficult than others, yet he managed these issues with ease. Surely this is a sign of a successful king, but how successful was he exactly? One of the more apparent problems was that of unpopularity of the Bourbon name. For 20 years the Bourbon name had been in disgrace, after the execution by guillotine of King Louis XVI on 21st January 1793. Even just the mention of the name would bring disgust to Frenchmen?s faces. ...read more.

Middle

All these issues needed to dealt with smoothly and efficiently. Louis had various options available to him; it was merely a matter of selecting the correct procedures, many of which had an impact on multiple issues. It would have been far easier for Louis to choose to side with his extreme ultra royalist supporters who had won a large majority at the elections held for the Chamber. They used this opportunity and power to take revenge and execute some Bonapartist Generals, known as the ?White Terror?. This amongst other things, this caused a Bonapartist uprising at Grenoble in May 1816. At this point realised this had potential of causing a national uprising. The king was far more moderate than the ultra royalists as he realised France could not return back to the ?Ancien Regime?. He therefore decided to dissolve the chamber in the hope that a more moderate group would get in. This was a crucially intelligent move, as in the next election the more moderate Royalist Constitutionalists won the majority. This helped the reestablishment of the Bourbon name as the majority of France supported this decision. At this time, the organisation of the French finances was beginning to take shape on a sound basis due to the expertise of Baron Louis and Count Corvetto. ...read more.

Conclusion

In a book written by Philip Marsell about the king, stated ?Louis XVIII, not Louis XIII, as is often said, was the last king of France for whom his people mourned?. The statement alone clarifies just how Louis had managed to win over the respect of the country, from practically being a detested outsider to becoming a beloved King. The book also comments how ?the throne had never been more secure?. This shows just how the King and the decisions he made had changed what could only be classified as a country of political instability to one for which there was no question who should rule the country in the future. At the beginning of this essay I defined a successful king as ?as one for which puts the interests of their country first, not necessarily pleasing everybody all the time, but assuring the countries? stability in the best way possible.? This is very true of King Louis XVIII. He could never please both the liberals and the Ultras, yet he made decisions that allowed France to recover from the Napoleonic wars and gain the structure and stability that had been lacking in the previous 20 years. Not only did his actions improve the country financially and politically, he became a King for which the country was proud to have and sad to see go, despite the history of the Bourbon Dynasty. Katie Tiltman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    Should they be in line or column? * The column, a long file of soldiers moving slowly along a single road, was the traditional marching formation, but was extremely vulnerable to enemy attack and almost powerless to take offensive action in emergency. * The line abreast was the equally traditional battle formation, three more or less stationery ranks of musketeers ranks of musketeers firing continuously to order.

  2. Assess the view that the failures of the Congress of Vienna outweighed the successes.

    of higher nature, not great measure for public order or the general good.'24 This therefore, was a major failure of the Vienna Settlement, and it is clear more could have been done to reform Europe, indicating that the failures outweighed the successes.

  1. How successful was Napoleon III?

    France having been through a stage of little success and having been urged on by the press and the people Napoleon declared war on Prussia.

  2. How successful was Louis of imposing absolute control on government in the provinces?

    Louis was the main leader and everyone had to come to him first to pass any type of law. He was the main man. This shows his absolute control over the provinces and the whole of France was successfully being put in place.

  1. To what extent and why did the impact of Napoleonic rule vary outside France?

    Paris needed to be consulted over every move satellite states made and Napoleon personally oversaw the majority of decisions however petty. It could take weeks for a request to be approved and placed into action at the outer reaches of the Empire which severely reduced the level of efficiency when implementing many of Napoleon's wishes.

  2. How successful was the National Assembly bringing equality and liberty to France during 1789-93?

    It offered the freedom to worship, freedom of property and freedom of expression. It meant that previous documents like the lettres de cachet which unfairly arrested people, were abolished. This led to the Great Fear where many of the countryside?s hunted down the documents and set them alight and they would use violence if anybody attempted to stop them.

  1. The shortcomings of Louis XVI

    Furthermore the enlightenment was another significant factor that can be seen to have caused the French revolution. The enlightenment came about in the late seventeen hundreds and changed the views of many of the French people. The Enlightenment made people begin to question the power of the church and the Kings divine right supposedly given by God.

  2. How successful was Louis XVIII in dealing with problems during his reign?

    This was a successful response as it demonstrated that the King was prepared to compromise and able to gain support of the pays legal, the bourgeoisie. Another dilemma that Louis had to face was the harsh conditions of the 2nd Treaty of Paris.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work