• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Successful was Napoleon III's Domestic Policy?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How Successful was Napoleon III?s Domestic Policy? (50) The domestic policy of Louis Napoleon Bonaparte throughout the Second Empire achieved many succeeded and suffered few failures. Significantly, the work of Haussman in Paris which laid the foundations of a more modern renovated France. Despite several flaws in his domestic policy, on balance, the social and economical changes outlined in his book ?The Extinction of Pauperism? that were acheived during the Second Empire can show that his Domestic Policy was a Success. The creation of a new railways system in France could be seen as a very successful aspect of Napoleon III?s domestic policy. Unlike Louis-Phillippe, who hadn't thoroughly developed a railway system at a time when other countries such as Great Britain had, Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, who was inspired by saint simonists believed the way forward was through ?dirigiste?, modernisation through industrialisation and so he created a railway system which enabled people and goods to be transported around France cheaply, safely and with speed. Louis Napoleon started with 3,248 km of railway tracks in 1851 and by 1869 he had managed to increase that to 16,465 km by 1869. ...read more.

Middle

Napoleon sought to advance his belief in free trade, cheap credit, and the need to develop Infrastructure as ways of ensuring progress and prosperity through government policy. Napoleon III had a series of political reforms throughout the timing of his empire, including much modifying on the constitution, he weakened the powers of the Legislative assembly and allowed free debates in parliament to be held and for them to be published. In 1860/61 Napoleon III allowed more concessions to placate liberal opponents, and of course, appointed a liberal Prime Minister Émile Ollivier in 1869. It could be said that Napoleon realised the importance of changing the French political system to liken it to the ever changing contemporary France, he reduced restrictions on the Roman Catholic Church and even allowed Catholic control over education (Loï Falloux) and relaxed press censorship rules during the period of the Liberal Empire. This constant changing of the Political system and the reality that he did manage to maintain a support base all gives evidence to the case that Napoleon III’s domestic policy was a success. Arguably the most important factor that supports the case for Napoleon III’s domestic policy being a success is the rebuilding of the whole of Paris, the work of Haussman which rapidly modernised the whole of France. ...read more.

Conclusion

Critics support the statement with examples such as the rescuing of the Crédit Mobilier in 1867 and the failure of the sewage system in Baron H’s renovated France, the sewers couldn't take “night soil” and so it still had to be carted away, a fundamental flaw in such a prominent project. Critics also argue that Napoleon III failed as economic woes increased in the late 1860’s and that if his Domestic policy was truly very successful then he would have lasted much longer than 18 years. Despite the overall success of the Domestic Policy of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, these failures must be taken into account when evaluating how successful it was. In conclusion, The Domestic Policy of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte can be viewed as successful. Despite several lapses such as the rescuing of the Crédit Mobilier, the Domestic Policy provided many projects which positively contributed towards the rapid economic and social development of France. The building of the railways and renovation of Paris under Baron H proved to be very beneficial for a new France and Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte made appropriate political decisions and concessions in order to appease the electorate and maintain a strong supportive base, thus concluding that Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte’s domestic was overall a success as the benefits overruled the lapses made in the process. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Assess the successes and failures of Mussolini's domestic policy.

    5 star(s)

    Although it seems that the Fascist state looked as if they controlled education and the Italian youths very directly and aggressively, the policy was not very successful. Illiteracy was still high at 20% by 1931, and most students were only affected in their elementary schools; by secondary school and university, the young adults had formed their own opinions on Fascism.

  2. How successful was Napoleon III?

    Another way in which Louis Napoleon was successful was because he was able to consolidate his power but still remain popular with the people. Louis Napoleon consolidated his power by touring the country and cultivating both the ordinary French people and the elites.

  1. "Foreign success; domestic failure." How fair is this summary of Bismarck's governance of Germany

    Finally in 1889 came the Old Age and Disability Act giving pensions to those over 70 and disablement pensions to those who were younger. This action was well received by some workers but most thought it was a sham as the government still opposed trade unions.

  2. Napoleon Bonaparte.

    victory was giving him over his troops, and the demands he could make on them when he had their confidence. "5 Success was apparent for Napoleon, as he was victorious against the Austrians several more times after. In fear of a counter-attack he proposed a peace treaty with the Austrians and it was later confirmed.

  1. Reasons for Napoleon's Success (to 1807).

    When Sir John Moore arrived to take over the English force, even the presence of Napoleon himself (in November) could not prevent French plans being wrecked. * Moore paid particular attention to two important matters. Napoleon didn't. Napoleon failed to grasp the geography of Spain and its sheer size.

  2. How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the revolutionary ideals of liberty and equality in ...

    Nationalists, who were against absolute monarchy, proposed a constitutional government that would serve the people. Economists proposed free trade as they were highly against the idea of protectionism. The success of the French Revolution brought the hope of drastic reform.

  1. How successful was Louis of imposing absolute control on government in the provinces?

    successfully showed him to be an absolute power over the government in the provinces. Louis did not just try to reduce power of parlement but he tried to control the provincial governors too. He wanted not just one group of the government to be changed but the whole government to be controlled in his way.

  2. Why Napoleon Boneparte was a successful leader?

    He could remember vast economic statistics to the point reaching as back as 5 years, or pinpoint the exact location of an army unit on a map and throw in their movement patterns for the next week for greater measure.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work