• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was Prohibition in the 1920 to 1930s?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐How successful was Prohibition in the 1920 to 1930s? Prohibition, considering the goals it set out to achieve, was largely unsuccessful. However, it did decrease alcohol consumption at some country areas and just for a few years (1920-1922/3). On January 1920 prohibition was introduced by the 18th amendment that aimed on increasing the level of morality in the USA by banning the manufacture, transportation and sale of alcohol in the country. However, drinking itself was never illegal. It was mainly supported by women, who saw alcohol as a method in which their husbands oppress them. Also, big business saw drunkenness as a dangerous to business because it decreases efficient of workers. The First World War also made the support for Prohibition to expand, first of all, the country was in a need for food and the grain used in alcohol production could be used as food, so, people felt that stopping drinking was a kind of patriarchal duty for every ...read more.


Many people believed that alcohol was a creation of devil, which led to sinfulness. Also, there was some success in driving it underground and lessening the opportunities to buy it. However, that argument can be easily twisted- it was legally successful but, in the same time, unsuccessful, in illegal sense, because alcohol was still being sold. However, it was being still sold, the prices on it were high. It follows, not everyone in the US had an opportunity to afford this ?pleasure?. So, less drinking went among the working classes, as they couldn?t simply buy it. Statistically was proven that prohibition did reduce alcohol use. Per capita consumption did drop and arrest for drunkenness decreased, as did deaths from alcoholism. Although, it happened only in the first half of the 1920s. Despite all the successful sides, Prohibition became a classical example of law that was impossible to enforce and, therefore, it ends unsuccessfully. First of all, alcohol was still manufactured illegally. ...read more.


This law came up thanks to the pressure from the Anti Saloon league and Women?s Christian Temperance Union who conviced the House of representatives that liquor was connected with special interests and that it was causing affliction, in general, the US citizens just wanted a ?good change? after the war. However, the main factor why Prohibition failed is the rise of gang culture and illegal liquor business, which meant that Prohibition actually created a crime industry. The police was being influenciated as well, it was really easy for the gangsters to control the police and politicians through corruption. When an honest police which really persecuted gangster was introduced in Chicago, it led to a big war between both. Even though a lot of public bodies were created to stop the consume of alcohol, it was not possible for them to actually fulfill this task, ultimately, it was president Franklin D. Roosevelt who end up with Prohibition, so, we could conclude that even though it worked in some small areas, Prohibition failed and just arose crime at that time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Free essay

    How successful was Prohibition?

    4 star(s)

    A research conducted uncovered twice as many speak easies in Rochester, New York, as saloons closed by Prohibition. In this sense prohibition could have increased demand by increasing the availability of alcohol. Due to the hidden and small nature of speakeasies, authorities lost the legal control over the locations of

  2. Franklin D. Roosevelt

    This political alliance, with some variation and shifting, remained intact for several decades. From 1932 to 1938 there was widespread public debate on the meaning of New Deal policies to the nation's political and economic life. It became obvious that Americans wanted the government to take greater responsibility for the welfare of the nation.

  1. US Popular Culture - Woody Guthrie Biography

    The Great Depression had already swept across the nation. Over-plowing had removed the natural grassland, and the wind swept up the dry earth in great waves that could blot out the sun. One journalist who came to the area famously called it "The Dust Bowl."

  2. Diversity Among The Ages.

    The differences between the colonies, and Britain caused war, unsettled arguments and land disputes. The British Empire knew by this time in 1763 that America was slipping away from them. So they set out the Proclamation of 1763, which prohibited anyone to settle west of the Appalachians.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work