• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of Nations was the brain child of Woodrow Wilson

Extracts from this document...


How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of Nations was the brain child of Woodrow Wilson, US President. It was the last of his 14 points expressed to Britain and France during the Big Three's Geneva Peace Conference which said that a new international organisation devoted to preserving the future peace of the world and preventing such conflicts as World War One, which was the whole reason why the were discussing peace anyway. The League of Nations aimed to promote and carry out disarmament around the world, cease conflicts and even prevent them from happening in the first place. It was the innovation that the world needed to come together and co-operate - And so the League was formed, January 1920 in Geneva, Switzerland. The League had many different sub-sections that made up the League; each section did their own jobs to help the League maintain peace. The three sections were: * The Assembly --> Was made up of 45 countries met once a year in Geneva to discuss what the League thought of as 'small issues.' The power they wiled was relatively little in comparison to that of the Council's authority and power. * The Council --> Were the Heads of the League, and they wielded the most power. ...read more.


45 countries did not represent the world's best interests. They also only met once a year to discuss small, trivial things. By the time they get to discuss something important, it had probably already passed them by. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * In the 1920's the League had many successes and failures because of their actions. Successes: o The League helped refugees from conflicts and safely re-accommodated them. o The International Court of Justice was set-up for trials against countries. o The International Labour Organisation improved the working conditions of the common man. o The League managed to solve a dispute between Finland and Sweden over land ownership of the Aland Islands. o The Secretariat reduced the number of cases of leprosy. o The League devised a plan to rescue the Austrian economy from ending in a depression. o Continued administrating the Port Danzig and Zbar-land via running mandates. o The League prevented a conflict between Greece and Bulgaria from breaking out. o In 1926, Germany was allowed to join the League. The things in which they had successes over were very small issues, such as the working conditions being improved or reducing leprosy. Failures: o The League was unable to solve an argument between Lithuania and Poland over who had the rights to own Vilna; another small country. ...read more.


In October 1935, Italy invaded Abyssinia. The Collective Security policy was not carried out fully; they merely negotiated and put a light trade ban upon them which still allowed them to trade oil and petrol. By March 1936, the League had taken a tougher line of action but it was far too late. The League had failed and in July 15th all Italians sanctions were over. And at this point, the League was seen as broken and corrupted. Germany saw that no action was taken against Italy and Japan and was encouraged to attack. The League was a very good idea which could have ended the world's problems because they were working together. But due to America voting against joining the League, it was destined to fail. The cracks in the League grew from there, with the constant accusations of racism and nothing more than a club for winners. The contradiction of free-trade and trade-bans made no sense and failed to work. The League had many problems along the way, failing to solve disputes and conflicts along with not passing any new world order laws. The cracks were split wide open once the depression struck, when many of the countries became isolationist and came close to becoming communists. While the League was in ruins trying to keep the peace and working on saving their own economy, countries decided to take the chance to invade to make up for past grievances. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why Did The League of Nations Fail To Keep Peace In The 1930s?

    were imposed. * Finally, as a last resort, (which never happened) the League would call on its members to supply them with troops and use military force. At first the League seemed to be working, it had resolved several difficult situations without force.

  2. How did the League of Nations hope to prevent future wars between nations

    using economic sanctions due to the absence of the USA, Japan's main trading parter, without it they would be meaningless. Britain had seemed more interested in maintaining good relations with Japan, than in agreeing to hold sanctions. The League had also discussed banning arms sales, but they were worried that Japan would retaliate and that a war would escalate.

  1. Which Country Was Most To Blame for WWII - Italy, Germany or Japan?

    It also gave Hitler a lot of the things that he needed to fight a war; new raw materials, more soldiers, and more factories to build tanks, guns etc. Despite giving in to Hitler there was still going to be a war, and appeasement could never have stopped it.

  2. How far did America achieveprosperity in the 1920s?

    Farming communities were devastated as farms struggled to sell wheat, even at extremely low prices. The extent of this hardship is shown when it is realised around half of all Americans lived in rural areas. Mostly working on farms or in businesses that sold goods to farms.

  1. What did the crisis in both Manchuria and Abyssinia reveal about the weaknesses of ...

    Mussolini felt he had the right to invade Abyssinia because of a border incident between Abyssinia and Italian Somaliland (that the Italians provoked); this gave Mussolini an excuse to intervene. In January 1935 Abyssinia asked the League of Nations to arbitrate. Mussolini refused League of Nations arbitration.

  2. How widespread was racism and intolerance in America during the 1920s?

    Despite the end of slavery with the Civil War, Black people still suffered a considerable amount of discrimination from white people in the 1920s. Many states passed laws for the segregation of black and white people in most public places, even cemeteries.

  1. Why did a gangster culture develop in the USA in the 1920`s to the ...

    of ten to fifteen soldiers. The Soldiers were the one's who would enforce discipline over both members and non-members through the use of intimidation, assaults, and murder. And last were the men who did the really dirty work for the Mob, the Associates.

  2. The league of nations - How successful was The League in the 1920's?

    This was a serious situation for the L.O.N because it was very similar to the events, which triggered WW1 so the League had to act quickly. By September 7th it had come to a decisions. It condemned Mussolini's actions and suggested that Greece pay compensation but that the League would hold the money.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work