• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was Wolseys Domestic policy?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jack Stephenson How successful was Wolsey's Domestic policy During his fourteen years of chancellorship Wolsey exercised considerable influence over Henry VIII's domestic policy during the years 1515 to 1529, involving himself in economic, legal, aristocratic and church affairs. Wolsey's domestic policy was relatively successful with some failures. Wolsey was no domestic reformer in any modern political sense and he saw his prime duty as Lord Chancellor. Wolsey was either loved or hated for his wealth, position and lofty manner. Historians also differ in their views of Thomos Wolsey, Peter Gwyn sees Wolsey as a man of "enormous ability and unstoppable determination" with a huge capacity for hard work and whose reforms were limited because of the ambitions of Henry in Europe. Other historians like John Guy and David Loades acknowledge Wolsey's abilities but are less effusive in their praise and see his own deficiencies as responsible for the failure of some of the reforms he embarked on. One area in which Wolsey is seen as having a great impact on is legal reform. ...read more.

Middle

Another area where Wolsey is seen as successful is his ability to have constant access to the king and the maintaining of his position. Wolsey was so fixated on marinating his position some historians such as J.J scarisbrick saw it as his main goal. Rarely a day went by without some form of contact between Woolsey and Henry. Wolsey held many important offices such as Lord Chancellor, Cardinal and Papal Legate but he knew his position depended on being able to fulfil the kings wishes. Rivals for the kings' ear in the privy chamber were removed, Wolsey also made sure he had his own man at court to advance policies when he was not there: Richard Pace in 1518 and then later William Norris. Even though Wolsey was successful in this area he sacrificed many other reforms to maintain his position. Wolsey was not good at managing parliament. Parliament was first called in 1515 and complaints against the church dominated, provoked by the Richard Hunne case, parliament was not called again until 1523. ...read more.

Conclusion

There was no development on the concern over benefit of clergy and pluralism. Benefit of clergy had been suspended in 1512 and a law extending the suspension was due to be renewed in 1215 but it never happened as Wolsey simply ignored the issue. Wolsey had a big impact on finance. This was because Henry was preparing for war with France. In 1515 there was a subsidy which was collected four times in 1513-14 and in 1523, this raised �320,000. Then in 1525 Wolsey used the Amicable Grant to gain money, this forced loan provoked a rebellion of 10,000 men in Lavenham. Wolsey had been successful thus far as he had got the money he needed, however the rebels were pardoned by Wolsey and he publicly apologised to them. Which is seen as one of his biggest failures as not only was it very humiliating for Wolsey it also showed a divide between the King and Wolsey. Wolsey therefore had some successes in his domestic policy. The improvements to the law and the subsidy were certainly successful but his failure was his goal of marinating his position as he didn't finish many other reforms and he avoided church reform. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

5 star(s)

Response to the question

The student has tackled a hard question very well and has answered with fluency via a well structured and argued essay. The judgement of "success" is a hard concept to grasp and there is always the danger of either missing ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The student has tackled a hard question very well and has answered with fluency via a well structured and argued essay. The judgement of "success" is a hard concept to grasp and there is always the danger of either missing the point of the question or giving long and 'waffley' answers. The use of historians is very good and helps support the argument well. A strong opening and conclusion is given which is key to identifying a well written essay.

Level of analysis

The level of analysis is excellent. The historiography present in the essay helps push marks up; however, I would say that there are a few cases where a quote appears to be put into the essay just for the sake of it being there. Such quotes do nothing to the essay and coursework word counts could be better used for e.g. developing a point further in another area. The general rule is that if a quote or an historian's view is not supported, then it is pretty useless in the essay. That said, the evidence provided in the essay gives sound foundations to developing a very strong argument.

Quality of writing

I found one spelling mistake - the rest, grammar and punctuation, are perfect. The student makes great use of historians to back up their argument and presents the argument in a very well structured essay. The common danger is the structure of essay - a weak structure naturally gives way to a weak argument (as the argument is buried in a confused format). Thus, the student has handled this problem very well.


Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by crystalclearmagic 22/08/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Liberal Reforms (1906-1914)

    4 star(s)

    Also, the scheme was not actually implemented until 1913. As well as helping the unemployed, the Liberals also introduced Acts in order to try to improve the lives of those in employment, as it had come to their attention that many workers were being exploited, some of whom were non-unionised

  2. Marked by a teacher

    History of british race relations

    3 star(s)

    Dating back to the middle ages, Ireland has been under has been under the thumb of British colonization. Trade and emigration between the two nation dates back even further. For centuries the Irish settlement in England had been the largest minority group.

  1. Was Charles I responsible for his execution?

    There was very clear proof that the monarchy had popularity after the short lived republic, when Oliver Cromwell died in 1658 and the monarchy was restored there was reported to have been lots of celebrating and street parties.

  2. Assess the validity of the view that the Rump and Barebones parliaments had no ...

    An example used of such 'tyranny' has been the Council of State, with 34 out of the 41 councillors on the Council being MPs, with the Council being subject to Parliament's "jealous" (Woolrych) control. John Lilburne objected to this control, sneering at "this new kind of liberty by the Council of State hastily erected" in 'England's New Chains Discovered'.

  1. Asses the most important factors that led to David Lloyd George(TM)s downfall in 1922

    The plan seemed to go well, but it proved to be very expensive. The economic slump of 1921 led to the government trying to save money, so the subsidies were stopped. Only 170,000 new houses were built. Again this signalled to the public that Lloyd George couldn't live up to

  2. Analyse the causes of the 1848 revolution in France.

    added more salt to the wounds. France was playing a junior partner to Britain, the traditional enemy. Louis-Phillipe was in a position where he could do no right. He wasn't in the position to adopt an aggressive foreign policy (that is aside from the fact that he didn't want to)

  1. "Wormold…James Wormold." 'Our man in Havana', A parody of James Bond.

    Bond's famous love of beautiful, powerful cars and his great chase scenes are starkly contrasted to Wormold's car that "lays before him like a tired Mule" (Our man in Havana) hardly worth comparing to Bond's "4.5 litre Bentleys with a supercharger by Amherst Villiers".

  2. The changing position of women and the suffrage question. Revision notes

    * Women?s groups (and their male supporters) were learning various different strategies that enabled them to exert effective pressure on Parliament. * Many liberal MPs supported the Married Women?s Property Acts, as they believed that women only wanted the vote in order to gain control over their own money and property.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work