• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful were Nazi policies towards women?

Extracts from this document...


Lizzi Middleton How successful were Nazi policies towards women? The Weimar Republic destroyed the lifetime traditions of German women. Suddenly, everything that they had once believed in vanished and life that was previously based on hierarchy and order took a very ambiguous form. The discontent of the women lay in the outcome of the First World War and its by-product, emancipation, was not welcomed by most middle class women. In addition to this the inflation worsened the outcome of the emancipation and working on the streets became a major source of income for many. At the same time, men that returned from the war demanded their work positions back, which meant that women had to go back to the kitchen. The inflation had irreversibly affected the historical and economic status of the women who were, at this time, not receiving comfort in either public or private life. Women felt torn between the reality and the past, not knowing what to do with the lives that they were being forced to lead. Hitler seemed to be a very appealing leader amidst the anarchy of the Weimar period and to women, he seemed even more charismatic because he spoke of the old tradition, and it was the loss of their traditional place in the family that made women felt as though they were now without an identity. ...read more.


The birth rate remained fairly constant throughout the 1930s although it did increase between 1933 and 1934 at the end of the depression. It could be seen that this was a positive response to Nazi policy but is more likely that it was due to the return to full employment and the end of the depression that had seen such a low moral throughout Germany. Nazi propaganda seems to have had some effect on women but not as much as the leaders had hoped for and this could well be because propaganda stressed that it was a woman's responsibility to bear children not for personal reasons but out of her duty to the state, which could have put many women off the idea. The number of marriages increased as well but this too is more likely to have been a sign of the end of the depression as people were beginning to be able to afford to indulge in such events again, rather than because of the introduction of Nazi marriage loans. Leading up to and during the second world war, the quest for a larger population of genetically pure Germans led to a further encouragement or procreation, but this time procreation outside of marriage, in Hitler's Lebensborn programme. ...read more.


Nazi ideology did succeed in mobilising the allegiance of women which is what they intended to achieve with the creation of the Woman's Front. Many of the other policies that Hitler implemented on his appointment as Chancellor in 1933, however, were not as successful as he would have hoped them to be and the small successes that there were represented not so much a social revolution as an attempt to return to their traditional values. The direct impact of Nazi polices was limited; earlier marriages and a rising birth rate were related more to increasing prosperity not to social policy and with the achievement of nearly full employment in 1936, women were required to return from the workplace - a complete contradiction to the initial Nazi policy. Hitler wanted to create more Aryan children, but his implementation of eugenics policies reduced the population potential. He wanted to create the 'perfect family' but the introduction of SS 'brothels' made family relationships difficult and more and more men were divorcing their wives. There were mixed reactions from women regarding Hitler's policies, they voted Hitler into power because he offered them a return to the traditional values that they felt they were being denied of and, to a certain extent he did give to these women what he had promised but, although filling a lot of theirs, did not succeed to fulfil his own desires. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful were Nazi economic policies in the years 1933-45?

    4 star(s)

    The problem of inflation never materialized as there was a lack of demand within the economy and the regime established strict controls over wages and prices. However, the balance of payments deficit was a recurring concern as economic recovery led to rising demand for consumer goods, rearmament led to increase

  2. How successful were Stalin's economic policies?

    The Soviet Union also had the problem that there were not enough skilled workers. In 1933, only seventeen percent of the Moscow workforce was skilled. The government attempted to introduce training schemes in order to decrease the number of unskilled workers but they had limited success.

  1. Evaluate the Nazis economic policies from 1933 - 1939. To what extent were the ...

    of GNP" and "it was only from the year 1936 "military investment alone... exceeded civilian investment"12. While Klein made the observation that in 1935 the Group I (Armament Factories and Military Facilities) investment by the Nazi government was 7%, which, when compared to 50% of Group III investment (Civilian and Government non-war), was very trivial13.

  2. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    They caused mass shootings, arrests and deportations seen followed. 17. The mass slaughter of livestock took place by the peasants to show resistance to the collectivisation. In five years, 46%of cattle, 47% of the horses and 65% of the sheep were lost.

  1. How successful were Mussolini's economic policies?

    Italy became almost self-sufficient in cereals by 1940, however not in fertilisers. On the other hand however, there were some negative effects of this battle for grain, firstly it raised the cost of grain and bread in Italy, there was a decline in the quality of the Italian diet which

  2. Hitlers Germany

    An era of Pax Germanica was about to begin and the best course for France was to try to accommodate herself to it. On June 21, 1940, in the same old railway car of Marshal Foch at Compi´┐Żgne in which the Germans had signed the armistice terms on November 11, 1918, the French delegation faced Hitler.

  1. To what extent do you consider that Hitler and the Nazis had achieved their ...

    join (until it was made mandatory), and groups such as the "Edelweiss Pirates" Where formed, these groups did not dare openly oppose the Nazis but would mock them by copying their uniforms and traits. This opposition although very small does show that not everyone was convinced by the Nazi's, although many historians said these groups where exaggerated.

  2. To what extent did Hitlers Policies attract working class support between 1933 and 1939?

    However, a temporary fulfillment of key economic promises increased working class support and ensured "enormous personal gains... mainly perhaps among workers"4 for Hitler in the early years where security was established. This recognition reveals that the early years enhanced the Fuhrer's aura as a 'man of action' in whom workers could trust.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work