• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successfully did the government of the German Reich deal with internal opposition in the years 1871-1890?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Eva Frauke G�hring History HL Ms Simpson How successfully did the government of the German Reich deal with internal opposition in the years 1871-1890? Although the government of the German Reich had some achievements in dealing with the internal opposition it remained mostly unsuccessful. Most of the measures taken against the opposition had to be taken back in order to maintain power and support from the people. The first big opposition group that worried Bismarck and therefore had to be defeated were the Catholics. As the importance of the Catholic Church was quite high and they also had great influence in political questions Bismarck felt he needed to get rid of them. Bismarck wanted to ensure the German Unification and therefore feared a threat from the Catholics. When they formed the Centre Party in order to defend the Catholic views in the Reichstag Bismarck became even more suspicious of them. Not his personal different belief, since he was a Junker, but rather the suspicion he felt made him launch the so called "Kulturkampf", the "struggle for civilisation" with the support of the National Liberals. ...read more.

Middle

As said in their official policy statement they were "Anti-monarchist revolutionaries"5, what was obviously to the dislike of Bismarck. He felt that the Socialist grew too strong, as they gained seats in the Reichstag, up to 12 in 1877. Bismarck again felt threatened and feared a disunity in Germany and asked himself how one could be loyal to the state and an international organisation, the Socialists, at the same time. He regarded the Socialists "a threat to the country"6 and introduced a bill into the Reichstag to control the press and abandon socialist propaganda. His new allies, the Conservatives supported him, since they also disliked Socialism. At first the bill was defeated and the party gained even more seats. But after two assassination attempts on the Kaiser's life, which Bismarck connected to Socialism, he tried to introduce the anti-socialist law again and this time succeeded. Although the law didn't ban the SPD directly, it banned any meetings that aimed to spread their views, outlawed trade unions and closed several newspapers. Historian William Carr stated that "this law had the same traumatic effect on Socialists that the May Laws were having on ...read more.

Conclusion

The French in Alsace-Lorraine also rather identified with France than Germany. The territory was won from France in 1871. The people, although a lot spoke German, considered themselves as French. Bismarck dealt with this through administering Alsace-Lorraine by the Reich government and they had no representation in the Federal Council. The last group to be feared were the Poles. They were by far the largest non-German minority in the Reich and were mostly Catholic. Therefore they also did not appreciate the 'Kulturkampf'. As they spoke polish, Bismarck tried to 'germanise' them by prohibiting to speak their language and forced the German language on them. In schools etc. German was to be spoken. This suppressed their national feelings and as already seen with the Catholics and their belief, made them wanting to speak their own language even more. In conclusion, none of the internal oppositions in the German Reich could be dealt with successfully. The 'Kulturkampf', 'state socialism' and other attempted implementations, like the enforcement of the German language, failed to most extend. Although they left some marks and achieved some changes, like the 'Kulturkampf' the civil marriage and 'state socialism' the welfare measures, they had to be repealed, so Bismarck wouldn't lose even more support and possibly his own face. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. "In the period 1871-1890 Bismarck was better at crushing his opponents than at producing ...

    As the largest single party there they felt they should have much more power in deciding how their country should be run. This feeling was fuelled in 1874 when Bismarck introduced a law stating that the minimum size of the army would be 400,000, which would be automatically finance by the government each year.

  2. To what extent was Bismarck in control of the direction Germany's Foreign Policy took ...

    Moreover, following these alliances, Bismarck formed the Reinsurance Treaty (1887) with Russia. This Treaty on its face did not do much. Both Russia and Germany promised to remain neutral in case the other was involved in a war with a great power, except for a Russian attack on Austria, or a German one on France.

  1. By 1890 Bismarck Had Achieved A Unified But Not UnitedGermany - How Far ...

    all foreign policy and had the authority to dissolve the Reichstag or dismiss the Chancellor. Yet with Bismarck as the Chancellor he was always very influential in any decision making due to his dominating and persuasive persona. Although on the surface the Bundesrat and Reichstag appear to have a certain

  2. Soviet State

    * These figures alone, combined with the Soviet military achievement in the Second World War, indicate that, somehow or other, the Soviet Union had solved the fundamental problem of industrialisation and overcome the military weaknesses inseparable from economic backwardness. * Agriculture production barely rose at all, and livestock remained below the 1928 level until the 1950s.

  1. How far had Hitler achieved his Third Reich?

    Therefore they used it, alongside the forcefulness of the Gestapo (Nazi secret police), to help eliminate opposition influence and enforce their own. Moreover, several departments for the Reich Chamber of Culture were created, which took the responsibility of deciding who could work in these areas, practically eradicating the need for censorship.

  2. Using your own knowledge, consider how far culture in the Third Reich was transformed ...

    They were made to show the might of the nation and always accentuated the strength of the men, with their toned, muscular figures, and the beauty and simplicity of the women, highlighting their curved bodies for childbirth. Breker was one of Hitler's preferred sculptors as his works showed this perfectly.

  1. Germany in 1890

    The first one mentioned, was conformed of 58 delegates appointed by State's representatives. As 14 votes were needed to reject measures and 17 delegates were Prussian, this house was controlled by her. The Reichstag was elected by the universal manhood suffrage.

  2. How successfully did the Nazis impose their ideology on German women?

    SOURCE 9 From an NSF (National Socialist Women's Organisation) publication during the war It has always been our article of faith that a woman's place is in the home but since the whole of Germany is our home we must serve wherever we can best do so.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work