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how the nazi's consolidated their power

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Introduction

Explain How The Nazis Consolidated Their Power Between January & The End Of March 1933 In January 1933 Hitler's political position did not look promising, he was chancellor of a national government however Hindenburg and the elites looked like they had control over him. They restricted Hitler by only allowing 3 Nazi members in the cabinet however during his months as chancellor Hitler was able to consolidate his power to become a dictator, he did this by calling a new election which allowed him to use and change the Weimar constitution and introduce an Enabling Act. There were also many key events which took place that benefited Hitler and helped him create a dictatorship such as the Reichstag fire. Firstly Hitler was a very tactical and smart politician and source 5 supports this view. Hitler outwitted the people who put him in power, they thought they had control over him as they believed they tamed him however Hitler outsmarted his superiors and created a dictatorship. Source 5 agrees with this view by saying "Even before he was sworn into office, Hitler outplayed for the first time the two potentially most powerful cabinet members" The cabinet members mentioned are Von Papen and Hugenberg. ...read more.

Middle

The next key event was the March elections. This election was called by Hitler as he wanted to legitimise his power, he wanted to gain two thirds of the majority vote and this would allow him to be in control and therefore introduce an enabling act which could cause chaos amongst other political parties. However in the march election Hitler only gained 44% of the vote and this was not two thirds of the vote therefore it ruined his plans by creating a dictatorship though legal means. These elections were important because if Hitler was to gain the majority vote he could have changed the Weimar Constitution and introduced an enabling act however he never gained enough votes which ruined his plans. Hitler had many methods to power and one of those was by legal means but this plan held back when he never gained enough support. Although he never gained enough support Hitler never gave up, on the 15th of March Hitler held a meeting with the DNVP and gained their support and on the 20th of March he made agreements with the Catholic centre party that if they gave him support he would not Nazify their institutions such as their schools and youth clubs. ...read more.

Conclusion

of the Nazi party and moreover it legitimised and validated his party, the use of censorship which is linked to propaganda meant Hitler could limit the effectiveness of other political parties which would increase the number of supporters he has. In conclusion the Nazis used various methods to consolidate their power, also various key events took place that helped them for example the Reichstag fire meant that Hitler could arrest anyone without a trial and send them to concentration camps through the use of the S.A and the S.S. furthermore the enabling was extremely important in consolidating the Nazi party's power as it gave them freedom to express themselves freely without restrictions and it also allowed them to get rid of any obstacles and political parties which stood in Hitler's pathway to dictatorship. Various methods to power were also important such as the intimidation of political opponents, the use of censorship and propaganda, the creation of a police state, their co-ordination such as the nazification process and most importantly their method to gain control through legal means by gaining two thirds majority vote to introduce an enabling which is regarded as the foundation stone of Hitler's dictatorship. ...read more.

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