• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How valid is the view that short term causes were more important than long term causes in the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933?

Extracts from this document...


How valid is the view that short term causes were more important than long term causes in the appointment of Hitler as Chancellor in 1933? In order to be able to answer the question of whether short term causes were more important than long term causes in the appointment of Hitler as chancellor we need to first define them. Long term causes were from 1919 to 1930 and the short term causes were from 1930 to 1932. It will be shown in this essay that overall the short term causes were more important because the Nazis were in decline in 1932 but the crucial intervention of Papen and Hindenburg meant that he could become chancellor. The first bit of evidence to suggest that the long term causes were more important than the short term cause in Hitler being appointed as chancellor was the early weakness of the Weimar Republic which helped him to achieve support. The Weimar Republic had a weak constitution which had proportional representation leading to important small and medium sized parties and a coalition government. It also gave everyone over 21 the ability to vote. This helped Hitler because he was able to take advantage of the politically uneducated who were susceptible to the lure of politicians like Hitler (demagogues). ...read more.


Whom he replaced him with the more malleable Von Pfeffer and changing the role of the SA more towards propaganda. Therefore this is very important because although on the surface the Nazi party did not appear to be making significant process against a strong Weimar, it was crucially building a foundation from which Hitler would be able to achieve the chancellorship. One final reason why long term causes may be more important than short term cuases is because of Hitler's exploitation of circumstances arising from 1828 to 1830. As a consequence of an agricultural depression and the success of big business and their workers, two groups were caused to suffer; the agricultural workers and the Mittelstand (lower middle class). Hitler recognised this and so he targeted them to gain support with the help of the other NSDAP party officials making speeches to encourage the support of the agricultural workers, especially pointing out point 17 of the 25 point party programme, emphasising that it was not aimed at farmers but was aimed at Jewish land spectators promising to confiscate and re-distribute the land. Hitler as well as this also opposed the renewal of the Dawes plan, which was also unpopular amongst the German people as it reminded them of the humiliation of the harsh terms of the treaty of Versailles. ...read more.


So it can be seen that the short term political manoeuvrings of Hitler were most probably the most significant factors in his rise to power, as they brought about the chancellorship for Hitler when he his support had been declining. In conclusion it can be seen that through the thorough examination of all the different long term and short term factors that in Hitler's rise to power the short term factors were far more important in the appointment of Hitler as chancellor in 1933 as he would have been in decline had his political manoeuvrings not succeeded. However even though the short term causes without a doubt led to him becoming chancellor the long term causes put him in the position to be able gain the support he needed and have a strong foundation through the pyramidal structure of the NSDAP. The single most important cause in the appointment of Hitler as chancellor was the intervention of Papen as without him it would have been impossible to persuade Ribbentrop and Hindenburg and all the other conservative elites that Hitler was a good choice for chancellor. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daniel Moore (j) 11/09/2008 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. How and why did the Bolsheviks gain power in 1917?

    Lenin issued a proclamation for complete seizure of power for his party, proposing the ruling of the Bolseviks over Russia.

  2. Free essay

    Was Hitler a great leader?

    However, the fact that Hitler was relentless on controlling his army's movements was one of the reasons that resulted in tens of thousands of deaths of people.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    The Weimar government was failing miserably, what with a failed economy, no power, a great depression, unemployment, a weak presidential rule, and the rise of terrorism and extremism. The Social Democrats were losing their touch. During the Stresemann years of the 1920s the Nazis couldn't even get into double figures when it came to seats in the Reichstag.

  2. In this essay, I shall use primary sources to measure the short term significance ...

    Congress by funding the Expedition through the relatively small sum of $2500 would achieve '".. the purpose of extending the external commerce of the United States'" while 'incidentally' advancing geographical knowledge about the American continent. Internal commerce with the Indians and external commerce with other countries are the main aims.

  1. What was the short term significance of the Amritsar Massacre?

    as can be seen from the his testimony before the inquiry committee, in which he stated that he was "giving them a lesson"7. Nehru coincidentally overheard Dyer in a train, where he talked pompously to other British officers about "taking pity" on Amritsar and refraining from "reducing the rebellious city to a heap of ashes"8.

  2. Research Paper; The Important Scientific Discoveries of the Renaissance: Medicine

    Some of these people included Galen, Chiara of Montefalco, St. Francesca Romana, Albertus Magnus, Aegidius Romanus, Gentile da Foligno, Peter the Venerable, Girolamo Fracastoro, Pietro d'Abano, Ambroise Par´┐Ż, Andreas Vesalius, Leonardo Da Vinci, and William Harvey. Galen was the Greek "Father of Medicine" and built on the work of other

  1. Mideival Outline Essay

    Accolade was usually preceded by religious ceremony which featured praying, fasting, blessing the weapons, bad of purification and keeping vigil after the 12th century. After being formally knighted the knights served the mightier lords or were hired by them. Some knights held land and castles, while the others were landless and joined various military orders.

  2. To What Extent Does History show that there is no such thing as absolute ...

    This was proven by the blow to the back of his head that he may have in fact had people that were against him and the fact that he ruled at such a young age. However, this argument is contrasted by the fact that after tests it showed that Tutankhamen

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work