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How was England govern in the early 17th century

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How was England governed in the early 17th Century? -The Monarchy -The Houses of the Parliament -The Justices of Peace Charles I succeed James I's place as King in March 1625. He inherited the place without any trouble or possible pretender to challenge his title, which was rarely seen in the pass few centuries. This was a big advantage to Charles because England has been grown in fears of disrupted successions. Under Charles' ruling, no party was allowed apart from his government, so room for dissent was so limited. People tended to unit together as groups. Charles was a very religious man, so different religious beliefs were developing; different fashion and tastes in entertainment were being developed. In this essay, I am going to analyse how England was governed in the early 17th century under Charles I The monarchy was the most important part of the government, Charles had full control within the government and the country, and he had to rule the country as well as reigned. Charles saw the monarchy so important because he was self-righteous and had a high concept of royal authority, believing in the divine right of kings. ...read more.


This did nothing to improve Parliament's chances of survival. Charles could appoint all judges and ministers, they didn't have to be chosen by the Parliament, so as the members of the Privy Council. The characteristic during Charles' reign was religion; he was a very religious man. Charles' England was a solidly Christian country. Everyone was forced by law to go to church every Sunday. Charles himself was the Head of Church in England. There are two main Courts of The Royal Prerogative. The Court of Star Chamber included King's Privy Council and major law judges. They heard cases brought to the court by petition. The Council in the North and The Council in the Marches of Wales, they administered royal justice in these areas. The Parliament was seen as less important in the government in comparison with today's government. However, Parliament had a strong sense of its own rights. The members of the Parliament had freedom of speech; they had the right to discuss the matters of commonwealth such as taxation, the poor law. The King has no right to enter the chamber of the House of Commons. The main functions of the Parliament were to advise the King, help the King pass laws. ...read more.


So the meetings usually only had one or two hundred attendance. The Commons didn't want power; it wanted to critise the holders of power. The last power I want to write about is the Justices of Peace, the JPs. They were a part of county officials. JPs were appointed by the King as commissioners of the peace. Majority of them were Gentlemen, Knights. They owned a certain amount of lands. They were quite influential; their job was to persuade people to obey the law. They were armed as well, which means they rode horses and carried weapons around. Although increasing amount of works was put on the JPs, people were enthusiastic to join it. However, the JPs were unpaid and voluntary. They often meet individually in their own homes or in the local alehouse. They also held meetings together at quarter-sessions to deal with the more general and important issues, which happened four times a year in main county towns. Their main responsibility was to judge in criminal cases and send more serious cases for trials by jury under the circuit judges supervising. The Privy Council expected the JPs to administer a large number of rules and regulations, such as poor relief, regulating alehouses and maintaining roads. ...read more.

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