• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Prof. Evangelina Chabod History Course Work How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War? 2� A Maria Franco Nov, 2003 How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War? The most central historical condition that set the stage for all the efforts to integrate Western Europe militarily, institutionally and politically was of course the Cold War. The anti-Hitler coalition of the USA and the USSR fell apart soon after Second World War was over. The ideologies and the economic and strategic interests of the two superpowers proved to be too conflicting. "The economic and political collapse in western Europe could have made it easy prey for Stalin."1 The situation in 1946-47 seemed so tense that the United States felt that the development of a strong European economy was one of their most urgent priorities. The United States had a very strong power and many interests spread through all the world, they wanted to promote this interests. ...read more.

Middle

As a result " From Marshal Aid onwards, the Usa begun to see economic recovery of Germany and later its military contribution to Western Defence as vital to the European, and by extension, world balance."6 West Germany was going to be recovered and drawn into internationl politics by the Usa but this was not well seen by France, the French saw them selves as victims of German agression and their desire was a strong France and a weak and partioned Germany. With them, as well as with most other Europeans the idea of an Economically strong Germany aroused feelings of fear and even horror. Britain also opposed to West Germany recovey and they still had political and economic interests outside Europe. That is why they did not like the idea of integration between West European countries. Norway, Sweden and Denmark were very closed linked with Britain, it was unconceibable for them to have a different policy from Britain so they were against integration too. Finally there were some "local" factors that lead into European integration. ...read more.

Conclusion

But the internal conditions that lead into European Integration could not have been possible out of the context of the Cold War. Firstly there was a negative integrator that was the Soviet Union. This made Western European countries fought together towards their common enemy. They considered that being united communism was no longer a threat. During the Cold War, the Soviet threat provided cohesion for the Western alliance. This was important for creating an environment in which European states could find their common interest in collective actions such as the creation of the European Economic Community. Secondly there was a positive integrator which was the United States that also fought against the USSR and pusshed very strongly in favour of the integration. And finally in the context of the cold war, with most of Central and Eastern Europe behind the "iron courtain"(under the domminance of the Soviet Union), the European integration could begun between relatively small number of state-nations with comaparble economic level and with important older elements of common history. "In the middle of 1980�s the countries of Western Europe were more united than most people would have dreamed possible forty years later. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    West Joseph Stalin dissolved the Third Communist International, or Comintern, formed in 1919 to organize world wide prol-rev The dissolving of the Comintern had a big symbolic significance as if now the USSR could co-exist with capitalist nations without trying to Marx them The Soviet Union announces that it has

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Committed to winning Stalin as a friend, FDR stayed at the Soviet Embassy, met privately with Stalin, aligned himself with the Soviet leader against Churchill on a number of issues, and even went so far as to taunt Churchill "about his Britishness, about John Bull," in an effort to forge

  1. American History.

    - Congress soon voted over war, w/the land-hungry Southerners and Westerners ["War Hawks"] in favor and the commerce-dependent New Englanders against. The WH won out, and on June 19 Madison signed the bill and the war began. - Not surprisingly, the US was totally unprepared: The DRs debt reduction program had essentially reduced the army and navy to?

  2. Describe the significance of the Cold War - Exlpain why it ended and how ...

    So to stop this theory the US prompted the 'Truman Doctrine', this pretty much said that the US wouls assume responability for the stopping of Communsim, making out that they where protecting the free and would provide funding and supplies(Marshall Plan)

  1. History of the United States

    Rebel governments were established in each colony, and the Continental Congress in Philadelphia provided a rudimentary national government. The task now before the British was to fight their way back onto the continent, reestablish royal governments in each colony, and defeat the colonial army.

  2. Has the Historical context of both the texts shaped the way that they are ...

    One of the major points that came from Bergson that Eliot adapted and used in his work was the idea that our brains want everything to be logical but in this search for logic we often allow our minds to distort rather then reveal to us.

  1. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    It also shows how weak communist rule in East Germany really was. It was this event that sealed East Germany's fate as the USSR realised that in a united Germany, the Communists would lose control. Events eventually culminated with the building of the Berlin Wall which was the ultimate expression

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Sabra and Shatila On Wednesday 15 September 1982 shortly after 6:00 a.m. the I.D.F. began to enter west Beirut. During the first hours of the I.D.F. entry, there was no armed resistance to the advance because the guerrillas that were in West Beirut had been taken by surprise.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work