• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Prof. Evangelina Chabod History Course Work How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War? 2� A Maria Franco Nov, 2003 How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War? The most central historical condition that set the stage for all the efforts to integrate Western Europe militarily, institutionally and politically was of course the Cold War. The anti-Hitler coalition of the USA and the USSR fell apart soon after Second World War was over. The ideologies and the economic and strategic interests of the two superpowers proved to be too conflicting. "The economic and political collapse in western Europe could have made it easy prey for Stalin."1 The situation in 1946-47 seemed so tense that the United States felt that the development of a strong European economy was one of their most urgent priorities. The United States had a very strong power and many interests spread through all the world, they wanted to promote this interests. ...read more.

Middle

As a result " From Marshal Aid onwards, the Usa begun to see economic recovery of Germany and later its military contribution to Western Defence as vital to the European, and by extension, world balance."6 West Germany was going to be recovered and drawn into internationl politics by the Usa but this was not well seen by France, the French saw them selves as victims of German agression and their desire was a strong France and a weak and partioned Germany. With them, as well as with most other Europeans the idea of an Economically strong Germany aroused feelings of fear and even horror. Britain also opposed to West Germany recovey and they still had political and economic interests outside Europe. That is why they did not like the idea of integration between West European countries. Norway, Sweden and Denmark were very closed linked with Britain, it was unconceibable for them to have a different policy from Britain so they were against integration too. Finally there were some "local" factors that lead into European integration. ...read more.

Conclusion

But the internal conditions that lead into European Integration could not have been possible out of the context of the Cold War. Firstly there was a negative integrator that was the Soviet Union. This made Western European countries fought together towards their common enemy. They considered that being united communism was no longer a threat. During the Cold War, the Soviet threat provided cohesion for the Western alliance. This was important for creating an environment in which European states could find their common interest in collective actions such as the creation of the European Economic Community. Secondly there was a positive integrator which was the United States that also fought against the USSR and pusshed very strongly in favour of the integration. And finally in the context of the cold war, with most of Central and Eastern Europe behind the "iron courtain"(under the domminance of the Soviet Union), the European integration could begun between relatively small number of state-nations with comaparble economic level and with important older elements of common history. "In the middle of 1980�s the countries of Western Europe were more united than most people would have dreamed possible forty years later. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    The words of KILON BAUNO chief of the BIKINIANS, "When the Bikini grew into a Mushroom?" from The Globe on ednet � The bomb was dropped from the B-29 "Dave's Dream" from the 509th - see the 509th Bomb Wing history from John Bozeman � July 1946 from DOE �

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    Roosevelt evidently thought the same way, telling Bullitt, in one of their early foreign policy discussions, "it's my responsibility and not yours; and I'm going to play my hunch." The tragedy, of course, was that the man who perceived that fostering world peace was his own personal responsibility never lived to carry out his vision.

  1. American History.

    total crap [the navy had a whopping 17 ships]. Nobody enlisted in the national army, only in some of the state militias. In? the West there was initially a good response, but after word spread that the War Dept. wasn't paying people on time and they were low on supplies, nobody wanted to join anymore.

  2. The great war plan, preparations, collapse, and recovery - a revised view

    to appear as the aggressive expansionist "Evil Empire" that it always was. And modern Russia, nationalist but no longer Communist, understandably might never officially admit that either, although key evidence slipped out of their control. Some key details : * Expansionist Ideology - While Hitler's Nazi ideology publicly officially and

  1. History of the United States

    The Confederation Congress, however, achieved one great victory: it succeeded in bringing all 13 of the states to agree on a plan for organizing and governing the western territories (the "public lands") beyond the Appalachians. Each state ceded its western claims to the Congress, which in three ordinances dealing with the Northwest (1784, 1785, and 1787)

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    Again Khrushchev tried to diffuse the situation by offering a compromise, that is, the reinstatement of the moderate communist leader Nagy. When it became clear, however, that Nagy had every intention of pulling out of the Soviet communist bloc, Khrushchev resorted to force and violence to maintain the communist grip on Hungary.

  1. Has the Historical context of both the texts shaped the way that they are ...

    Eliot was also heavily influenced by the philosophies of Henri Bergson Bergson's philosophies were dualistic he believed that the world contains two opposing tendencies, the life force (�lan vital) and the resistance of the material world against that force. 'Human beings know matter through their intellect, with which they measure the world.

  2. The Common Cold.

    Some, such as the rhinoviruses, seldom produce serious illnesses. Others, such as parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial virus, produce mild infections in adults but can precipitate severe lower respiratory infections in young children. Rhinoviruses (from the Greek rhin, meaning "nose") cause an estimated 30 to 35 percent of all adult colds, and are most active in early fall, spring and summer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work