• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Prof. Evangelina Chabod History Course Work How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War? 2� A Maria Franco Nov, 2003 How was possible the European Integration in the context of the Cold War? The most central historical condition that set the stage for all the efforts to integrate Western Europe militarily, institutionally and politically was of course the Cold War. The anti-Hitler coalition of the USA and the USSR fell apart soon after Second World War was over. The ideologies and the economic and strategic interests of the two superpowers proved to be too conflicting. "The economic and political collapse in western Europe could have made it easy prey for Stalin."1 The situation in 1946-47 seemed so tense that the United States felt that the development of a strong European economy was one of their most urgent priorities. The United States had a very strong power and many interests spread through all the world, they wanted to promote this interests. ...read more.

Middle

As a result " From Marshal Aid onwards, the Usa begun to see economic recovery of Germany and later its military contribution to Western Defence as vital to the European, and by extension, world balance."6 West Germany was going to be recovered and drawn into internationl politics by the Usa but this was not well seen by France, the French saw them selves as victims of German agression and their desire was a strong France and a weak and partioned Germany. With them, as well as with most other Europeans the idea of an Economically strong Germany aroused feelings of fear and even horror. Britain also opposed to West Germany recovey and they still had political and economic interests outside Europe. That is why they did not like the idea of integration between West European countries. Norway, Sweden and Denmark were very closed linked with Britain, it was unconceibable for them to have a different policy from Britain so they were against integration too. Finally there were some "local" factors that lead into European integration. ...read more.

Conclusion

But the internal conditions that lead into European Integration could not have been possible out of the context of the Cold War. Firstly there was a negative integrator that was the Soviet Union. This made Western European countries fought together towards their common enemy. They considered that being united communism was no longer a threat. During the Cold War, the Soviet threat provided cohesion for the Western alliance. This was important for creating an environment in which European states could find their common interest in collective actions such as the creation of the European Economic Community. Secondly there was a positive integrator which was the United States that also fought against the USSR and pusshed very strongly in favour of the integration. And finally in the context of the cold war, with most of Central and Eastern Europe behind the "iron courtain"(under the domminance of the Soviet Union), the European integration could begun between relatively small number of state-nations with comaparble economic level and with important older elements of common history. "In the middle of 1980�s the countries of Western Europe were more united than most people would have dreamed possible forty years later. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    5 � this was a demonstration of U.S. power opposing Russia demands on Turkey for Dardanelles base, 2 eastern provinces � son Ahmet Ertegun remained in U.S. with brother Nesuhi, was jazz lover, founded Atantic Records, is chairman of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Cleveland - see Texas Music Magazine story (1998)

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    the horror of the bomb to America's adversaries either through a demonstration explosion or an ultimatum. Others have questioned whether the bomb would have been used on non-Asians, although the fire-bombing of Dresden claimed more victims than Hiroshima. Perhaps most seriously, some have charged that the bomb was used primarily

  1. American History.

    desired, by 1812, war seemed almost inevitable due to constant violation of US rights in the seas. - Anyhow, first there was the Presidential Election of 1812, which was somewhat of a referendum on the whole war thing. Madison was reelected.

  2. History of the United States

    This last task took him 2 years. Gen. George B. MCCLELLAN proved disappointingly conservative, and his successors were bumblers. After Gen. Ulysses S. GRANT won major victories in the western theater, Lincoln brought him to Washington in 1864 to face the brilliant Confederate commander, Robert E.

  1. Describe the significance of the Cold War - Exlpain why it ended and how ...

    This Curtain seperated Communism and Capitalsim , the USA was afraid that more Countries would fall to Communsim through the influence of the USSR, they where afraid of the 'Domino theory', that if one country would fall so would the nexr and so on and so on and eventually full control by Communism.

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe?

    Khrushchev could not risk the domino effect that this action would have had on the Eastern bloc. This societal opposition can, therefore, be taken to be another contributing factor in the downfall of communist rule in the Eastern bloc. If those in the alliance cannot cooperate and work together, the alliance and the ideal cannot hope to survive.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    For seventeen months Casey had been throwing assets at the problem, training, information exchange, the development of a network involving some one hundred countries. There had been significant upgrading in forty countries of CIA capabilities in paramilitary training, hostage rescue and VIP protection.

  2. The great war plan, preparations, collapse, and recovery - a revised view

    The scope and details of each of these issues are vast, worthy of the full books that the researchers published. I apologize for the inevitable briefness in presenting them in the limited scope of an essay. The most prepared for war - the great Soviet war plan It is well

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work