• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Were Civilians Affected By World War I?

Extracts from this document...


How Were Civilians Affected By World War I? World War one was a military conflict which took place between 1914 and 1918. It involved many European countries as well as America and other countries around the world. This war was one of the most violent and destructive in European history. World War I was the first total war. Once the war began, the countries involved mobilized their entire populations and economic resources to achieve victory on the battlefield. The term home front, which was widely employed for the first time during World War I, perfectly symbolized this new concept of a war in which the civilian population behind the lines was directly and critically involved in the war effort. When war broke out in during 1914, Britain only had a small professional army - it needed a large one quickly. The government launched a huge recruitment campaign with posters, leaflets, recruitment offices in every town and motivating speeches by politicians and ministers. ...read more.


Immediately after introducing DORA the government took over the coal mining industry so that the money was going towards the war rather than private owners. In 1915, the government faced its first major problem of the war - there was a shortage of munitions. The 'munitions crisis'' as it was known as became a national scandal exposed by the Daily Mail. Due to this crisis a coalition government was formed to work together to support the war effort. This coalition included MP's from different parties. Under DORA, the government introduced a number of measures to 'deliver the goods'. One of the first problems the government faced was the shortage of skilled workers in key industries. Lloyd George tried to force skilled workers to stay where they were needed instead of working where they could get the best pay. Another key element of Lloyd George's programme was to introduce women into the workforce. Despite the disagreement of trade unions Lloyd George and the government went ahead with this. ...read more.


The government also controlled the newspapers to make sure that 'all news was good news'. From the start of the war, all bad news was strictly controlled. When the battleship HMS Audacious was sunk in 1914, it was simply not reported. It was not until 1916 that the government allowed approved journalists to go to the front to report on the war. These reports focused only on good news. The government also censored letters from soldiers at the front. The soldiers sometimes chose to censor themselves as they did not want to report bad news back to their families and cause worry. Children were also aimed at by the government. Toys, games, comics and books were all aimed at making children support the war effort. These books and magazines sold well since many of them continued to sell after the war in the 1920's and 1930's. The end of the war in November 1918 came as a relief with a sense of triumph. People were all too aware by then of the human and financial cost of the war in Britain and in other countries, and were desperate to rebuild their lives. Arunan Tharmarajah 10HI 05/05/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Q. What impact did the First World War have on the well being ofBritish ...

    It has to be noted that the inelastic demand for the staple foods such as potatoes and bread actually increased during the war years. The total output of wheat, barley, oats, rye and potatoes exceeded 18 million tonnes by 1918.

  2. Conscientious objectors

    There was also the Pacifist Service Bureau (given a licence to operate by the London County Council), which worked to find suitable employment for COs who had been allowed conditional exemption. About 60,000 men and 1,000 women applied for exemption from armed service.

  1. American History.

    - But it really all began with the Seven Years War [a.k.a. King George's War, the French and Indian War], which ended in 1763 and left North America transformed. *The Seven Years War* - Anyhow, the Seven Years War informally began in July 1754 in the Ohio Valley when an

  2. In what ways were the lives of people at home affected By World War ...

    In December 1915, the government were in trouble because they did not have enough men signing up to the war, because at this point people at home were learning of the first major casualties of the war. The men were realising that going to war was not as easy as it first looked.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    Dany kept a boat at Safra Marine and would walk through the grounds of the villa and across Safra Marine to get to his boat. As a result it was thought by some that he resided at Safra. Some weeks before the operation a couple of LF agents had successfully

  2. After the collapse of the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, the world ...

    Kaplan begins his article by referring to the cities in West Africa, in which crime is generating from the instability politics and social life generates crime among young generations. Generations who Kaplan describes as "loose molecules in a very unstable social fluid that was clearly on the verge of igniting."6

  1. How did World War II affect the lives of civilians in Wales and Britain?

    This tells of a clear lack of understanding of hygiene, proper manners and country etiquette. Parts B and C of source 5 show us, yet again, the lack of understanding and disbelief of country life. 'They call this spring mum, and they have one down here every year.'

  2. In what ways were the lives of people at Home affected by the First ...

    In January 1916, just one month after this photo was published; the government passed the first military service act, source A4. This probably means that the photograph was staged- meaning that it is unreliable. But not all men aged between 18 and 41, as the act stated, did sign up.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work