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Humanities Courswork

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Introduction

HUMANITIES COURSEWORK Why Couldn't America Defeat The Viet Cong In The War Of Vietnam (1964-1975)? Hypothesis: I think this project will explain America's problems that arose in the war of Vietnam and why they couldn't defeat the Vietcong. Discussions will include the more experienced tactics of the Vietcong than their opposition. Also the Vietcong hosted parties and social activities to keep up morale whereas American's were depressed over mosquito bites and hot weather etc. 1 Methodology Throughout the coursework, sources will be secondary and mostly taken from the internet. Introduction: During the process of the following coursework the above question shall be answered in the paragraphs of several sub-headings such as: 'The Background,' to give a reader a brief description of the Vietnam War and what it was like. Secondly, to the point, 'why America got involved.' Next, 'American and Viet cong Tactics.' What did each side have up there sleeves? Then, I shall discuss 'The American Withdrawal.' Why they left Vietnam for good. Background: In 1900, Vietnam became a colony of France with the French in control of the whole Vietnamese government. This caused uproar between the French and Vietnamese who yearned for independence to control their own country. In 1930, under the order of Ho Chi Minh, a communist in the south, a rebellion was ordered, an act of resistance against the French. ...read more.

Middle

Vietnamese, called their tactics, "Hanging onto the belts" of the Americans, staying close enough to the Americans so they could rarely use air attacks without destroying American lives. Tet Offensive A series of operations performed by Vietcong and the Vietnamese of the north in 1968 was given the name 'Tet Offensive' as it was due to begin on the night of January 30th. T�t Nguy�n ��n - lunar New Year day. Often described as "the turning point in the war" the offensive was a major change in tactics for the Vietcong as it involved open battle not preferred by Vietcong soldiers. The plan was to ensure the Americans that they weren't winning the war. Thousands of Vietcong troops infiltrated the city of Saigon. In the end, almost 45,000 Vietcong and North Vietnam communists and only a mere 1000 Americans were dead. Overall, the offensive was a military disaster for the Vietcong. American Tactics of War: The American tactics were very technological. They used B52 bomber planes, artillery and napalm, a burning substance that dramatically burns skin to the bone, in result killing innocent civilians and didn't stop Vietcong guerrillas. All peasants were forced out of Vietcong-controlled areas and moved into defended segregation areas, known as hamlets, to separate them from the very similar looking Vietcong. ...read more.

Conclusion

Conclusion:4 The longest war in American history came to an end on April 30th 1975 to the surrender of South. The communists renamed the city of Saigon: Ho Chi Minh City. 2.7 million Americans served in the war. 58,000 of them were killed and another 365,000 were wounded. The South Vietnamese lost more than one million soldiers, while the North lost 500,000. Adding to the millions of civilians killed, the death toll of Vietnam comes to approximately 5.4 Million. As mentioned in the hypothesis, America was unable to defeat the Vietcong due to variation in tactics and difference in morale. Although Vietnam succeeded in the war it remains a poor country, with over a million people fleeing the nation since 1975. It relies heavily on Communist aid, and compared to other countries around the world, now, has little economic value. 1 Vietnam And 17th Parallel - http://www.ambrosevideo.com/resources/docs/60.JPG 2 Ho Chi Minh - http://www.cablenet.com.ni/curiosidades/biografias/resources/ho-chi-minh.jpg 1 Taken from a book written by John F. Kennedy, a US senator in 1956 2 A peasant or a Vietcong Soldier? Image from - http://www.virtourist.com/asia/vietnam/northeast/20.htm 1 "Operation Rolling Thunder" B52 bombers - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Rolling_Thunder 2 "Eddie Adams" prize winning tet offensive photograph - http://www.metafilter.com/mefi/27705 1 Carrying a guitar and a M16 rifle, a Marine waits at a landing strip for a flight out of Khe Sanh, February 2 25th, 1968 - http://www.vietnampix.com/hippie.htm ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - ...read more.

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