• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify and explain the main features of Japan's foreign policy in the 1920s.

Extracts from this document...


Identify and explain the main features of Japan's foreign policy in the 1920s. During the 'liberal twenties', Japan adopted a more compromising policy towards foreign affairs. After the First World War, international relations were entering a new postwar phase. Moreover, party government became a peculiar political feature in Japan during this period. This paved the way for Japan in adopting a policy of internationalism. However, imperialism and militarism was never abandoned as education, Emperor worship, propaganda and fruits of victory in the Sino-Japanese war and Russo- Japanese war all made Imperialism an accepted program among all Japanese. Internationalism characterized all of Japan's foreign relations during the 1920s. this policy was also called 'Shidehara diplomacy' as Shidehara kijuro was the foreign minister in 1924-1927, and 1929-1931. this policy was supported by the parliamentary coalition in the Diet, the bureaucrats, and the businessmen, who were international in culture and whose ascendancy paralleled Japan's close ties with the United states, England, and France , the democratic victors in the first world war. ...read more.


All these controversies were to be settled by a conference of the four powers. The earlier Anglo Japanese alliance was to be terminated upon ratification of this new treaty. The five power pacific treaty limited the naval tonnage of capital ships of the signatories in 5-5-3-1.75-1.75 of US, Great Britain, Japan, France, and Italy respectively. The 'Nine Power Treaty' dealt with China. On the one hand it recognized unequal -treaty rights in china and tacitly recognized Japan's position in Manchuria. On the other hand it confirmed the 'sovereignty, the independence, and the territorial and administrative integrity of China.' This shows the willingness of Japan to cooperate with foreign powers. Although in the 1920's party politicians did try to work with the powers abroad through internationalism, exercise greater control over the services, and carry out liberal measures, they had not advocated abandoning militarism and imperialism. For instance, no party politician ever suggested withdrawal from Korea, Taiwan or Manchuria. Indeed, there was rise of militarism idea in the late 1920s. The Japanese want to search for glory and prestige. ...read more.


If we are successful in conquering china, the remainder of the Asiatic nations and the South Sea countries will fear us and surrender to us....' In fact, the success of the Northern Expedition in China worried Japanese militarists. They feared that after reunification, china would become strong enough to resist Japanese aggression. Her expansion towards Manchuria would be blocked therefore, Japanese militarists urged their government to strike before the Chinese gained strength. The Japanese were worried by the growing influence of the Soviet Union in northern Manchuria in the 1920s. Soviet ambition was revealed in the formation of a special army in the Far East. The double tracking of the Trans-Siberian Railway further aroused the suspicion of Japan. All this paved the way for the rise of militarism in the 1930s. As a whole, in the early period of 1920s, Japan's effort in cooperating with other countries was apparent. Following the decline of the party government, there was a weakening in the policy of internationalism. In the late 1920s, marked by the Tanaka Memorial, militarism and imperialism rose up and this also contributed to the rose of extreme nationalistic idea in the 1930s. Reference list: Japan (revised edition) Reischauer.Craig New certificate world history (volume 2) W.F.Wong ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How Successful Was the League in The 1920's and 1930's? The League of ...

    Force was not used, and they were left there. Another form of aggression took place, with Mussolini invading Abyssinia. He attacked and invaded them because of a number of reasons. 1. In 1896, Italy was humiliated by Abyssinia after they castrated the Italian prisoners of war.

  2. American History.

    *Reactions to Territorial Gain* - Not everyone was obsessed w/gaining territory from Mexico - in fact, New Englanders, abolitionists and a few antislavery Whigs saw the whole deal as a plot to extend slavery, which didn't go over too well.

  1. The role of foreign policy on democratic transitions in Armenia and Azerbaijan

    Therefore, I propose, in order to understand the exact impact of foreign policies on Armenia and Azerbaijan, it is necessary to concentrate on the three major powers in the region, Iran, Russia, and Turkey. Historically all three states have had immense influence in the South Caucasus; consequently, their interests have come to dominate the events unfolding in the region.

  2. Chinese (Prc) Foreign Policy - the Character of PRC’S Foreign Policy

    'North Korea's friends are our friends, North Korea's enemy is our enemy, North Korea's defence is our defence'. China fully entered the war in October 1938 as MacArthur's US troops pushed Northwards. CHINA'S ROLE IN THE WAR: -By the end of 1950, 500,000 Chinese (PLA)

  1. The Foreign Policy of the Lone Superpower

    An Instrument of Foreign Policy Because the United States was now stuck with dealing with the rest of the world, it has now been compelled to orchestrate its affairs with hundreds of nations that should yield the best results. Since its opening up its doors to foreign affairs, it has


    In 1939 he made a secret agreement with Russia to attack Poland and split the country between them. He thought Britain and France would do nothing to stop him. Q.3 According to SOURCE C why did Hitler order the German army to invade Poland in September1939?

  1. How Strong was Opposition to Continental Commitments in the 1920's

    The army was reduced to a small force obligated to the maintaining of home security and to policing the newly formed empire. Military spending was reduced from �692 million to �115 million within 2 years and did not rise again until 1935.

  2. Account for the making of the multi-ethnic American city from the 1880s to ...

    The growth of California after the discovery of gold in 1848 and the need for laborers to help build the transcontinental railroad spurred Chinese immigration. Japanese first arrived in the United States in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Most of the Japanese, as well as many Chinese, came as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work