• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify and explain what affected the power of Elizabeth I between 1558 and 1603.

Extracts from this document...


Identify and explain what affected the power of Elizabeth I between 1558 and 1603. During Elizabeth I?s accession, her name was greeted as a true sovereign ?of no mingled blood of Spaniard, or stranger, but born mere English here among us.? [1] Elizabeth saw it as her mission to unite a divided people living in a state of complete turmoil, and she came to embody a truly national consciousness with such success that she gave her name to an age. However, the traditional picture of Elizabeth?s reign as a great age for both the Queen and the English nation contains only some truth ? by the end of her reign there was conflict and opposition with the parliament and other European powers, as well as financial instability. There were various issues throughout her reign which both waned and augmented the power of the monarch, namely her relationship with parliament, her expectation to marry, the succession problem, and the issue of England?s official religion. Elizabeth had sought to resolve the extreme hostilities between the Catholics and Protestants that her predecessor Mary had created. Both Elizabeth and Cecil ?held religion to be the matter of conscience? [2] ? she felt that religion had to be settled within England by dissolving papal and Spanish dominance. ...read more.


Elizabeth may have acted out of fear but her actions consolidated her position as Supreme Monarch. However, it was not only Catholics who threatened Elizabeth?s power in regard to religion ? the Puritans also had an impact. The threat to stability occurred because religious division could have undermined the stability of the 16th century at a time was government control was already fragile. It was clear that religious division and discord could cause rebellion. The government and the crown retained control through the nobility, and all of these ideas combined together to make the authorities fear what too much puritan influence within the church might lead to. Puritan ideas conflicted with those of the Church of England and would be unlikely to appeal to the majority; however, if the church structure had been further reformed among Puritan lines, the crown would have lost the significant control that it exercised via bishops. The puritans did not wane Elizabeth?s power because the existing governmental structures stopped an increase in puritan influence from occurring. It was not so much that the Puritan?s ideas were a threat, but rather that a fear of change and a reluctance to relinquish such important figures of authority made the puritans appear to be a threat to stability. ...read more.


4. Parliamentary pressure in 1559, 1563, 1566 and 1576 was strong, however so were Elizabeth?s methods of control. 5. The Queen delivered many speeches to the Commons stating that she would marry but she never did. In 1563, 1566, 1576 she told Parliament that, although for her herself she would prefer to remain the ?Virgin Queen? but for the sake of her subjects she would marry and produce a successor 6. Later attempts by parliament to secure the succession were connected with the desire to secure the exclusion of Mary Queen of Scots? ? the Privy council took the lead and applied pressure on the Queen through the commons and lords , bishops produced theoretical arguments and a committee of lawyers produced legal reasons 7. Elizabeth?s skill in her methods of parliamentary control meant that when her and parliament did clash the conflict never spiralled into an open struggle for power 8. As much as the privy council seemed to be working against Elizabeth on certain issues, it?s not true that the Council?s sole role was to oppose her ? they had the function of working with Elizabeth on certain issues in order to manage the commons ________________ [1] Fraser, 2000, pg.76 [2] Warren, 2008, pg. 81 [3] Warren, 2008, pg.109 [4] Haigh, 1998, ch.6 [5] Randell, 1994, ch.5 [6] Randell, 1994, ch.5 [7] Neale, 1953 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. coursework on Elizabeth I

    He goes on to say that the Queen shouldn't be rewarding ministers of the church with property as the puritans believe that everyone, especially men of the cloth should live in relative poverty so that they "will be living in the same way as our Saviour Christ".

  2. Assess the validity of the view that the Rump and Barebones parliaments had no ...

    This is a major reason why the Barebones is often associated with failure, since after the Restoration it became customary to dismiss the Assembly as if it had been composed simply of the incompetent. "Peltifoggers, Innkeepers, Stockingmongers and such a rabble as never had hope to be of a Grand Jury" (Exiled Royalist Court letter).

  1. To what extent was there a Struggle for Power between Elizabeth I and her ...

    Parliamentary pressure in 1559, 1563, 1566 and 1576 was strong, however so were Elizabeth's methods of control. The Queen delivered many speeches to the commons saying that she would marry but never did. In 1563, 1566 and 1576 she told Parliament that, although for herself she would prefer to remain

  2. how significant was the catholic threat to elizabeth 1, posed by her roman catholic ...

    This perceived threat is well presented through the occurrence of the Northern Rebellion in 1569. Prompted by the arrival of Mary, there was a conspiracy to marry Mary to the Duke of Norfolk.

  1. An unmitigated disaster. How valid is this assessment of Oliver Cromwells experiment with the ...

    The decline of Turkish power during the nineteenth century drained this image of much of its powers, and during the twentieth century hostile historians were forced to employ other negative reference points to condemn the Major Generals' rule. Another major strand of criticism has concentrated the unashamedly military nature of their rule.

  2. To what extent was Mary, Queen of Scots the major cause of instability in ...

    This was not plausible for Elizabeth; Jane Grey had been executed, and her two sisters had spent time in the tower and had little support, therefore they were not sensible successors. The possibility of Mary succeeding Elizabeth was perceived to be a cause of instability because Mary was a Roman Catholic and would change England's religion.

  1. "Conflict and Contest" or "Cooperation and consent," which phrase best sums up Elizabeth I's ...

    However the fact that there was a petition from the bishops does not support this argument and gives a reason for it to be questioned. Overall after assessing the different historian's views, the relationship between Elizabeth and her parliament that was called to establish the religious settlement can be seen as one of "conflict and contest".

  2. How Far At the Death of Mary I, In 1558, Was England a Roman ...

    Mary was clearly against Protestantism. Many Protestants were burnt alive and several were severely punished during her reign. This distanced her from the common people in England. They began hating her. They called her "Bloody Mary." These were serious political mistakes on the part of Mary, which caused her unpopularity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work