• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In 1640 most MP's wanted and expected redress of grievances and a settlement of the problems created by the Personal Rule of Charles I. Why then did they find themselves at war in 1642?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In 1640 most MP's wanted and expected redress of grievances and a settlement of the problems created by the Personal Rule of Charles I. Why then did they find themselves at war in 1642? 1640 saw the eleven year period of Charles' Personal Rule come to an end with the MP's and the majority of the country's people hoping that the grievances and problems created by this period would now be coming to a similar fate, restoring the country's peace, balance and religious stability. England was by no means content but there appeared to be only one united side against the king, so with no support in favour of Charles, there was nobody openly willing to form the other side to fight for him so civil war was unlikely. With Charles aware of how few supporters and little money he now had it was expected that he would go about redeeming his reign by putting right the changes that had driven Parliament and so many of his people to turn against him. But as usual with Charles it was not so simple, and in the space of two years after the expected redresses, Charles found himself facing a civil war, but why? Views and opinions differ on whether the civil war was caused by contingent causes in the two year period, or whether conditional causes were they key as they were responsible for creating conditions for war. It could be argued that the conditional causes did not create conditions for war because at 1640 war seemed almost impossible so revisionists emphasise what then happens in 1640 as the real triggers of resorting to arms. ...read more.

Middle

So they proposed Parliament should control the army, which was a serious challenge to his authority, and many MP's recognised they were going too far. The second trigger, and perhaps the ultimate push for collapse, was The Grand Remonstrance on November 22nd, a document introduced by Pym, summarising the achievements of Parliament when they were united to show what they were capable of when fighting for the same causes, and also it set out the remaining challenges they wanted to achieve in an attempt to reunite them. Pym gave it to Charles so he knew their plans, then on December 6th he presented the king with a militia bill that stated Parliament should approve his choice of commanders, another power taken from him. The last straw came when Pym decided to publish the Grand Remonstrance on 15th December so the public could read it and insight a mob against the king. A huge amount of the MP's were now in uproar, knowing this was serio0usly overstepping their rights and realising that they were taking away too much of the king's power, and were no firmly on the king's side. Pym had turned his group from a majority to a minority and now found that people were willing to fight against him. The unity of Parliament had effectively collapsed and the king now found himself with support and now that he was angry, he was much more likely to use military means than legal. Charles could have used this to his advantage but yet again, it is his personality and manner of ruling that became the final trigger to war. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another conditional cause was his ongoing bad relationship with Parliament which meant that they too began to oppose him, and his decisions and choices he made with his dealings with Parliament just made matters worse and worse until they ended in the ultimate outcome of war. His Personal Rule was a conditional cause that started the dislike for the king and the policies that were so detested, so those eleven years were a major factor in turning his people against him enough to fight him. But I believe it was the contingent causes that were what made MP's find themselves at war by 1642 because although at 1640 Charles was unpopular and in a bad position, there wasn't a threat of war, just redress of grievances. But in the two years between 1640-42 the contingent causes of the Irish Rebellion, the Short and Long Parliament, Pym and his supporters, the publish of the Grand Remonstrance and the attempted arrest of five members of Parliament, were all triggers one after another that lead inevitably to war. The MP's could not just blame Charles for the outbreak of war because many of the contingent causes were orchestrated by themselves and it could be looked upon that they forced Charles into calling a war, but mistakes and errors of judgement were made by both sides. Many believe that it was more Charles fault than Parliaments because of the mistakes he made in his reign but on the other hand it can be argued that Parliament, through Pym and his supporters, became the radical side, not the king, so it was down to them. I believe both share the blame and they found themselves at war because of conditional causes creating an atmosphere that created a possibility for war, then numerous trigger causes that lead to the outbreak. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Why did King Charles I Resort to Personal Rule in 1629?

    Catholic priests therefore became a presence in the Court at Whitehall. This, along with the King's Catholic sympathies, were a cause for concern for Parliament. This was particularly the case as many of the Members of Parliament were Puritans. As was happening in other Protestant countries, Puritans were becoming a

  2. How successfully did James deal with religious problems throughout his reign?

    They also believed in more importance towards sacraments. Similar to James, Arminians believed that the Catholic Church was the true church although plagued with error. In 1618 James sent representatives to argue the theology of the Arminians, as James believed that their theology was not perfect in that James believed in Calvinist theology.

  1. The personal rule to 1640 was a success for Charles. To what extend do ...

    MPs have been telling the King to do - to "live of its own". However, whilst the King was protected by law to raise income through the means of ordinary revenue, many subjects saw what Charles did as exploiting the law to his own advantage.

  2. How far were the aims and methods of Charles I's Personal rule justifiable? (1629-40)

    However one area of Thorough was indeed coined by Charles, that of re-introducing old medieval laws that were not new but had merely been neglected. This procedure called Fiscal Feudalism aggravated the people from the upper to lower classes. It began with distraint of Knighthoods where it was discovered that

  1. How important was politics & the power struggle in disputes between Charles & his ...

    The dispute what occurred over and over again was the way parliament was beginning to take away the kings power every so often through out its sessions so this caused disputes and sometimes divides over the thought of divine right and the king's power There are many events what happened

  2. Wives & War: To what extent did these two aspects undermine Henry VIIIs rule ...

    Henry himself was a puppet controlled by the newly established members of the Privy Council, as the William Howard School (2010) questions but this is mostly speculative opinion. More alternative interpretations are that although the Privy Council increased in authority Henry maintained a strong powerful position as Starkey supports (2009).

  1. Why was there so much hostility towards Charles by 1640?

    Another right of Parliament was that the King had no right to enter the House of Commons chamber. This way the king had no way of interfering with Parliament when it was in session. Arminianism and the fear of Catholics By Charles? reign, England was now a Protestant Country.

  2. How Successful was Edward Carson in His Defense of Unionism During The Third Home ...

    conservatives cannot accept the principle of Irish Home Rule but still leaves himself open to negotiating when he mentions the possibility of a compromise on Ulster if the terms are favourable. It can be said that Asquith?s handling of the Irish Question can be criticised but what cannot was the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work