• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In the early 1900s, America engaged in varied degrees of reform in response to the effects industrialization had on society. The emergence of a middle class, with great influence over the happenings of their times, sought to make reforms that were conc

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tim Flynn US 2 Honors Essay 2 In the early 1900's, America engaged in varied degrees of reform in response to the effects industrialization had on society. The emergence of a middle class, with great influence over the happenings of their times, sought to make reforms that were concurrent with the ideals of the common individual. This reshaping seen in America's social, economic, and political realms during the early 20th century, illustrates the need for reform as a means of responding to the changes brought by industrialization. Social reforms in several aspects of American life lowered the barriers that hindered the success of average citizens and discouraged previously established social attitudes caused by industrialization. Though reformers in Society agreed upon the need for change, they differed in the extremity of their methods for solutions. Such is seen behind the ideas of "hard" and "soft" approaches toward achieving the same goals. Reformers Edward Ross and Charles Cooley, though differing in opinions about how to effect necessary changes, concurred fundamentally in their rejection of laissez-faire governance and believed conditions caused by industrialization necessitated "human control of social development." ...read more.

Middle

Moreover, economic changes were necessary for a more regulated and understood liaison between business, government and citizens. In 1904, 318 Corporations controlled $7 billion (40%) of US manufacturing investment capital. Consequently reformers turned to state politics, where progressivism reached its fullest expression. Robert La Follette's term as governor of Wisconsin was a model of progressive reform. He won from the legislature an anti-lobbying law directed at large corporations, a state banking control measure, and a direct primary law. Taxes on corporations were raised, a railroad commission was created to set rates, and a conservation commission was set up. In state after state, Progressives advocated for a wide range of economic reform and struck at the excessive power of corporate wealth by regulating railroads and utilities, restricting lobbying, limiting monopoly, and raising corporate taxes. Reform was also exhibited on the national level as an anti-trust movement swept through America. Both Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Taft led several campaigns against trusts; Roosevelt with 40 cases and Taft with over 90 brought them the moniker of "trust busters" Illustrating further the federal government's commitment, the Department of Commerce and Labor was added, making it the ninth Cabinet position. ...read more.

Conclusion

Additional reform ideas at the state level were the "direct primary" that enabled everyone to choose their party's candidate. Moreover, direct election of senators was approved by the state legislatures in 1913. Secret ballots and personal registration were also implemented to make sure that everyone voted honestly and responsibly, thus giving peace of mind to those of the middle class. Although women were extended rights to vote, minority, poor, and Black voters were not able to cast their votes due to complex rules and requirements; such were unfortunate failures of the progressive movement. Though remiss in addressing many of the needed reforms of day, the political changes during the progressive movement successfully increased the influence of the average American and put politics in general under a higher degree of criticism. The changes on society wrought by industrialization, necessitated reforms in several aspects of American life. Drastic improvements and restructuring in America's social, economic, and political spheres were made in reaction to the nation's inability to cope with, regulate and closely examine the repercussions of rapid industrial growth and prosperity. Through progressive reforms made in the American realms fore mentioned, the nation solidified the organization and regulation of its infrastructure and gave forums to those desiring improvement and change. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level History of the USA, 1840-1968 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    To what extent were Malcolm X and the subsequent Black Power Movement the 'Evil ...

    4 star(s)

    It was carried out by James Earl Ray. The assassination led to nationwide riots in over 60 US cities. 49 King in The New York Times - July, 1966 50 The Civil Rights Movement: Struggle and Resistance p.94 - Riches, 1997 51 The assassination of Malcolm X took place on February 21st, 1965 in Manhattan, New York.

  2. Assess the significance of the influence of internal migration on social and political tensions ...

    The troubles that slaves faced post Civil War shows the reality of slavery and showed that a Civil War was not enough to destroy the monster that was enslavement. The rapid westward expansion alongside the Emancipation Proclamation drew attention to the weakness of the federal government as they had failed

  1. Evaluate The Presidency Of Theodore Roosevelt.

    His intervention in Panama in 1904 was successful as he put into action what presidents before him had dreamed about for decades, and in doing so brought about many positive economic and political effects for the United States. The Panama Canal shortened trade routes, therefore, boosting the country's income from

  2. Roosevelt(TM)s aims of relief, recovery and reform 1933-1945

    them to send money back home to their suffering families to help them recover from the Depression. In another attempt to lower unemployment Roosevelt in 1933 created the Civil Works Administration (CWA). Within two months of its creation the CWA had found work for 4million Americans.

  1. Why were the Liberals defeated in the general election of 1874?

    educational institutions from ideology, but both these reforms severely annoyed the aristocracy. More reforms in 1872, such as the Licensing Act, which restricted the sale of liquor in pubs up to a point of time, and the more famous Ballot Act, which introduced the secret ballot, turned out to be total flops, riling established elements in the party.

  2. Eleanor Roosevelt.

    As Mrs. Roosevelt came in talking to Mrs. Mary McLeod Bethune, a prominent civil rights advocate, Eleanor sat down right next to her in the black section. Promptly a police officer came up to her and loudly cleared his voice. She moved her chair to the center of the aisle, the police officer turned red but left.

  1. Civil Rights Revision Cards 1945-68

    CORE convention? 1966 ? endorsed black power and declared non-violence inappropriate if black people needed to defend themselves. By summer 1968 whites excluded. Impact ?Did they help or hinder the civil rights movement? 1. Raised morale of many black Americans ? increase in black pride, self-esteem and identity.

  2. The Great Depression, causes and effects.

    their goods started falling and in return they had to cut back production and lay off workers or reduced wages thus further increasing unemployment and reducing aggregate demand in the economy as a whole. During the 1930?s farmers experienced the dust bowl, this was caused by a drought and extensive

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work