• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In the years before the American Civil War, the sectional tension between Northern and Southern states was at its peak.

Extracts from this document...


ASSIGNMENT ONE: Objective 1 Question two In the years before the American Civil War, the sectional tension between Northern and Southern states was at its peak. There were quite a few reasons for this tension but the key issue was slavery. Since the war, many other causes have been considered as the main cause. For example, the 'Progressive' historians argued that it was not so much a fight between North and South, but more of a conflict between agriculture and industry. If this were the case, the issues of tariffs and transport would have been a lot more important. Although these were problems, they did not need a war to settle them. After all, tariffs had been a problem for quite a while. The revisionists believe that the issue of slavery was not a major cause of the war, but the fault of weak leaders who could not reach a compromise. ...read more.


However, although his goal was not to abolish slavery it was all connected. After all, the Southern secession had occurred because of slavery. Slavery was an influential part of Southern everyday life. They needed slaves to pick the cotton, as three quarters of the world's cotton was grown there. The invention of the cotton gin made the cultivation of cotton on large plantations using slave labour a profitable enterprise in the Deep South. The slave became an ever more important element of the southern economy. It became an institution that southerners felt bound to protect. As a result of these new inventions the amount of slaves in the Southern states increased from seventy thousand to four million in less than forty years. This increase meant that the market value of the southern slaves increased to three billion dollars; which was more than its land and cotton's value. ...read more.


More and more emphasis was now placed on maintaining equal numbers of slave and non-slave states in the Senate. As time progressed, the south became more paranoid that they were going to be overruled because of their lack of numbers. The southerners felt that Expansion for the South meant growth, politically, socially, and economically, and it meant more political power. Slavery played an important part in the Civil War. Although it would not be fair to say that slavery was the only cause for war, I do not think that the war would have occurred if slavery had not existed. Even president Lincoln said that slavery was 'somehow the cause'. When war started there were only a few people who were fighting because they thought slavery was morally wrong, but because each section felt that its personal liberty was at stake, and consequently this conflict could not be solved without war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did tension increase in Europe between 1900 and 1914?

    He was convinced that the enemy could be overwhelmed by sheer weight of numbers, and that final victory could only be achieved on the Western Front. He Somme was his first major battle * Haig originally intended to fight his first major battle near Ypres in 1916, but he was

  2. "The main cause of the American civil war was undeniably slavery". Assess the ...

    Only later on when the social and cultural differences were linked to the problem of 'racial prejudice' did this problem suddenly become more complex. Indeed, many northerners opposed to slavery were prejudice of Negroes; they wanted land free for white land labour.

  1. Evaluation of key sources to address the question of increased tension

    but also the fact that the Soviets shot down the plane is an aggressive action, which in-tern increased tension. Gary Powers was captured by the Soviets and they planned to demand an apology from the Americans. This apology was demanded during the Paris summit, organised to discuss the state of Berlin, discussed in source A4.

  2. The American Civil War (1861-1865)

    A conflict, known as 'Bleeding Kansas', was developed in Kansas between proslavery settlers and antislavery newcomers. The chances of a bloody war became much higher. The situation at the start of the war Orange: Free States Green: Territory Blue: Slave States Stars: Capital Cities Red Line: Union & Confederate States

  1. The American Civil War was not caused by real and deep rooted divisions between ...

    In 1855, Kansas elected its first territorial governing body. This body would run a voting poll to decide on the subject of slavery and whether it would be allowed in Kansas or not. Hundreds of pro-slavery believers crossed the border from Missouri into Kansas to cast their vote for slavery

  2. History of the United States

    Radical Whigs insisted that a corrupt network of Church of England bishops, great landlords, and financiers had combined with the royal government to exploit the community at large, and that--frightened of criticism--this Tory conspiracy sought to destroy liberty and freedom.

  1. The Nature of Southern Segregation

    More than half the county's residents were Black, but only one percent of Blacks were registered to vote. After Sheriff Jim Clark arrested a highly respected community leader, local teachers and other groups marched in protest. But the Selma campaign escalated further after violence broke out during a nighttime march in Marion, a neighboring town.

  2. American Civil War (1861-1865).

    After the battle of Gettysburg, General Meade engaged in some cautious and inconclusive operations, at Bealeton, southwest of Warrenton, in August and at Culpeper, before the Mine Run campaign. On November 23-25, Union forces pushed Confederate troops away from Chattanooga. The victory set the stage for General Sherman's Atlanta campaign.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work